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4.2: Dialogue 2

  • Page ID
    17440
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    The team has been working hard all morning.

    Tanaka: Minasan, sukoshi yasumimashou. Everyone, Let’s just take a break.

    みなさん、すこし休 やす みましょう。

    Michael: Ja, ocha, iremashou ka. Then, shall we make tea?

    じゃ、お茶 ちゃ 、入い れましょうか。

    Honda: Watashi ga iremasu yo. I’ll do it.

    私 わたし が入い れますよ。

    Michael: Ja, tetsudaimasu. Well then, I’ll help.

    じゃ、手伝 てつだ います。 Beverages have been brought in.

    Michael: Tanaka-san wa nani ga ii desu ka? What would you like, Ms. Tanaka?

    田中 たなか さんは、何 なに がいいですか。

    Tanaka: Watashi wa koohii o onegai-shimasu. I’ll have Coffee, please.

    私 わたし はコーヒーをお願 ねが いします。

    …..

    Aa, oishii desu nee! Ahh, it’s good, isn’t it!

    ああ、おいしいですねえ!

    Vocabulary

    sukoshi すこし 少し a little

    ocha おちゃ お茶 tea, green tea

    ga subject marking particle

    iremasu いれます 入れます make (tea, coffee), put in

    Tanaka たなか 田中 Tanaka (family name)

    koohii コーヒー coffee

    oishii おいしい delicious, tasty

    +mazui まずい not tasty

    +koucha こうちゃ 紅茶 black tea

    +mizu みず 水 cold water

    +juusu ジュース juice

    +gyuunyuu ぎゅうにゅう 牛乳 milk

    +okashi おかし お菓子 snacks, sweets

    +suiitsu すいいつ スイーツ sweets

    +pan パン bread

    +keeki ケーキ cake

    +kukkii クッキー cookie

    +kudamono くだもの 果物 fruit

    +ringo りんご apple

    +mikan みかん mandarin orange

    +ichigo いちご strawberry

    Particle Ga Making the Subject

    Recall that the subject of a sentence can be placed in front of a verb, adjective or noun + desu in spoken Japanese without any particle or with the particles wa or mo. In this lesson, the particle ga is added.

    Kono apaato, takai desu. This apartment is expensive

    Kono apaato wa takai desu. This apartment is expensive (while others may not).

    Kono apaato mo takai desu. This apartment is also expensive.

    Kono apaato ga takai desu. It’s this apartment that is expensive.

    The particle ga follows the subject noun in situations where 1) special focus is placed on the subject, or 2) the entire sentence presents new information. Situation 1) commonly occurs in combination with question words. In answering these questions, it is common to use particle ga with the noun, or to just give the noun + desu.

    1) The subject noun is focused.

    Dare ga, ikimasu ka. Who is going?

    -Honda-san desu. It is Honda-san (who is going).

    -Honda-san ga ikimasu. Ms. Honda is going.

    In Dialogue 2 above, when Michael suggests making tea, Ms. Honda says Watashi ga iremasu ‘I will make tea (not Michael or anyone)’ putting a focus on her as THE person to make tea. Another similar example in the dialogue is when Michael asks what Ms. Tanaka wants. Michael says nani ga ii desu ka putting a focus on ‘what’.

    2) The entire sentence presents new information.

    Kaerimasu ka? Are you going home?

    -Hai, shukudai ga arimasu kara. Yes, because I have homework.

    Here having homework is new information and explains why the speaker is going home. It’s not shukudai alone that is focused here ( ‘it is homework that I have’) but rather the sentence as a whole is focused ( ‘it’s that I have homework.’)


    4.2: Dialogue 2 is shared under a CC BY-NC license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Emiko Konomi.

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