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3.3: Ein- words (including possessive pronouns)

  • Page ID
    79358
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    These are the words similar to the indefinite article in the way they take or do not take endings. They are:

    mein my
    dien your (singular and familiar)
    sein his / its
    ihr her / its / their
    unser our
    euer your (plural and familiar)
    Ihr your (informal)
    kein not a, no, not any

    Using mein as our example ein-word our chart looks as follows (compare with the indifinite article in Unit 2):

    MASCULINE FEMININE NEUTER PLURAL
    NOMINATIVE mein meine mein meine
    ACCUSATIVE meinen meine mein meine
    DATIVE meinem meiner meinem meinen
    (Noun + n)
    GENITIVE meines
    (Noun + s/es)
    meiner meines
    (Noun + s/es)
    meiner

    Points to remember:

    1. Ein– words with no endings are always either nominative singular or accusative singular.
    2. The ending –em on both ein– words and der– words is unique to dative singular.
    3. The ending –es with the noun adding an –s or –es is unique to genitive singular.
    4. When euer has an ending, the stem changes to eur-. Examples:

      Euer Kind bekommt gute Noten.
      Your child gets good grades.

      Eure Freunde kommen bald.
      Your friends are coming soon.

    5. Because German nouns are gendered, pronouns referring to them are also gendered. Review Unit 1, section 5, note "b)" and keep in mind that sein/ihr references might best be translated as "its."

    Take the memorization advice from Unit 2 and expand your memorization task to include possessive pronouns. You should be noticing that the possessive pronouns, too, fit the general German spelling patterns for gender, case, and number distinctions.


    This page titled 3.3: Ein- words (including possessive pronouns) is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Howard Martin revised by Alan Ng.

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