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10.13: Structure - Prononciation | Les liaisons

  • Page ID
    120706
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    Objectif 

    In this section, you will learn how to pronounce liaisons.

    Media Alternative

    Listen to the audio clips that follow on this page to hear the French pronunciation of vocabulary and examples presented.

    On étudie !

    In French, the liaison is a consonant sound that creates continuation between a word that ends in a consonant and another words that begins with a vowel, or a silent h. Yet, the liaison sound does not always happen. There are rules as to when we should or could make the laision and when we cannot.

    (a) Always make a liaison between a subject pronoun and a verb that begins with a vowel.

    Nous aimons Vous habitez Ils adorent On arrive !

    (b) Also, make a liaison between articles or numbers and a noun that comes after and begins with a vowel or silent h.

    dix heures les écoles des arbres un appartement

    (c) The liaison also exists between possessive adjectives and nouns that come after them.

    Nos amis Mon argent Tes ordinateurs Leurs éléphants

    (d) Make a liaison between est and sont and a word that comes after.

    Il est ici. Ils sont à la gare. Il est obligé. Elles sont intelligentes.

    (e) Liaisons also exist after one-syllable adverbs, conjunctions, or prepositions.

    Chez elle très élégant bien évidement dans un roman

    (f) Some expressions have obligatory liaisons.

    Les liaisons obligatoires

    C’est-à-dire

    Petit à petit

    A tout à l’heure

    Tout à coup

    De temps en temps

    Les États-Unis

    Plus ou moins

    Avant-hier

    Tout à fait

    Quand est-ce que…

    (g) You should NOT make a liaison…

    1. Before or after the conjunction et.
    2. Between a noun and a verb that follows it.

    Cet homme est… Robert adore… Jean habite…

    1. Between a singular noun and an adjective that follows it.

    Ces filles aiment. Mes soeurs arrivent.

    1. When the letter h is not silent. In some words, the letter h is not silent. In these cases, it is called an h aspiré. When the h is not silent (muet), then we should not make a liaison.

    Des haricots Les héros Un hamburger

    1. With the oui.

    Un oui ou un non

    1. With numbers that begin with a vowel.

    Je fête mes onze ans

    On pratique !

    Activité 

    Can you pronounce these words or expressions correctly?

    1. un an
    2. les autres
    3. Tout à fait
    4. Vous êtes ici ?
    5. Ils sont à l’étage ?
    6. Nous aimons les artistes.
    7. C’est très important.
    8. Ses amis l’appellent Joe.
    9. Nous avons deux examens à dix heures.
    10. Mes oncles sont amusants.

    This page titled 10.13: Structure - Prononciation | Les liaisons is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by William J. Carrasco, Shahrzad Zahedi, & Caren Barnezet Parrish.