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16.8: Chronology

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    The following chronology is a list of important dates and events associated with this chapter.

    Date Event
    December 1860 South Carolina seceded from the Union; Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas followed suit.
    February 1861 Confederate States of America created at the Montgomery, Alabama Conference; Confederate States of America adopted a provisional Constitution; Jefferson Davis chosen as provisional President and Alexander Stephens for Vice President of the Confederacy
    March 1861 Abraham Lincoln inaugurated for his first term as President of the United States of America Lincoln used emergency powers to a degree not yet seen in the U.S. Presidency; Confederate States of America adopted a permanent Constitution; Davis called for 75,000 volunteers to serve in the Confederate Army
    April 1861 Confederate forces fired on Union forces at Charleston (Fort Sumter); Lincoln issued a Proclamation calling for 75,000 militiamen and summoned a special session of Congress for July 4; Baltimore Riot occurred on April 19 Virginia seceded from the Union
    May 1861 Arkansas and North Carolina seceded from the Union; Confederate Congress recognized that a state of war existed between the Confederate States of America and the United States of America; Confederate government began to issue treasury notes (cheap currency) to pay for the war; Lincoln issued a Proclamation of Blockade against Southern ports
    July 1861 U.S. Congress assembled in a special session First Manassas or First Battle of Bull Run fought
    August 1861 Confederate Congress enacted a direct tax on personal property; Union Congress enacted the nation’s first income tax and raised the nation’s tariff rates
    February 1862 Union Congress approved the Legal Tender Act; Salmon P. Chase appointed Jay Cooke as the official marketer of U.S. war bonds
    April 1862 First Confederate Conscription Act passed through Congress; Habeas Corpus suspended in the Union and the Confederate States; Shiloh fought
    July 1862 Union Congress enacted the Internal Revenue Act Preliminary Emancipation Act presented to Lincoln’s Cabinet; Confiscation and Militia Act of July 17, 1862: the first official authorization to employ African Americans in federal service; Seven Days fought
    September 1862 Antietam fought
    January 1863 Final Emancipation Proclamation introduced into Congress; First black regiment in the North raised by Governor John Andres of Massachusetts
    February 1863 Union Congress approved the National Banking Act, sometimes referred to as the National Currency Act
    March 1863 John Slidell negotiated a loan for the Confederacy secured by future cotton sales; Confederate Congress passed the Impressment Act; Bread riots began the South including in Atlanta, Mobile, and Salisbury; First Union Conscription Act adopted
    April 1863 Richmond Bread Riot occurred on April 2; Confederate Congress enacted a comprehensive tax policy including an income tax and a tax-in-kind on agricultural products
    May 1863 Bureau of Colored Troops, under the War Department, established to coordinate and organize regiments; Black troops performed admirably at the assault on Fort Hudson; Vicksburg began
    June 1863 West Virginia, composed of the western counties of Virginia, admitted to the Union
    July 1863 54th Massachusetts Colored Regiment showed its bravery in the assault on Fort Wagner; Draft Riots occurred in New York City; Gettysburg fought
    November 1863 Chattanooga fought
    Spring 1864 Peace movements gained momentum in the Union and the Confederate States
    April 1864 Massacre at Fort Pillow, Tennessee; Battle at Poison Spring where many men of the 1st Kansas Colored Infantry massacred by Confederate troops
    May 1864 Atlanta Campaign began
    June 1864 Union Congress passed the National Banking Act of 1864
    August 1864 Democrats nominated George B. McClellan for president to run against Republican incumbent Abraham Lincoln
    November 1864 Abraham Lincoln was re-elected president, defeating Democrat George B. McClellan. Lincoln carried all but three states with 55 percent of the popular vote and 212 of 233 electoral votes.
    December 1864 March to the Sea began
    March 1865 Abraham Lincoln inaugurated for his second term as President of the United States of America
    April 1865 Confederate government, including Jefferson Davis, fled Richmond; Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House; John Wilkes Booth assassinated Abraham Lincoln; Andrew Johnson became president

    This page titled 16.8: Chronology is shared under a CC BY-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Catherine Locks, Sarah Mergel, Pamela Roseman, Tamara Spike & Marie Lasseter (GALILEO Open Learning Materials) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.

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