Edmonia Lewis's statue hints at the problems facing the United States in the years after the Civil War. The war did not end racial strife in the United States. Instead, it opened the door to heated debate about how former slaves could become citizens. Nor did the war resolve the problems produced by industrialization. To the contrary, it confirmed the triumph of industrial capitalism over more agrarian and more traditional modes of life. With the end of the Civil War, the United States looked toward its western territories for new commercial opportunities. As industrialization spread, urbanization accelerated, and class differences grew larger, Americans looked back in history to a time before the nation emerged as a modern democracy.