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2.8.1: Levels of School (模块一- 年级)

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    Module I: Levels of School

    模块一:年级

    Scenario 1.1: Ma Xiaoqing and An Dawei talk about their siblings’ schooling.

    MX:

    AD:

    MX:

    大为,你妹妹上几年级了?

    她上十年级了,相当于中国的高一。你弟弟呢?他上初中了吗?

    没有,他才上小学五年级。

    shàng

    to attend

    年级

    niánjí

    grade

    相当于

    xiāngdāng yú

    is the same as

    高一

    gāo yī

    first year of high school

    初中

    chūzhōng

    middle school

    cái

    only

    小学

    xiǎoxué

    elementary school

    Note:

    上 means “to attend” school, grade, and class.

    SCHOOL SYSTEM IN CHINA

    小学

    xiǎoxué

    一年级

    yī niánjí

    1st grade

    二年级

    èr niánjí

    2nd grade

    三年级

    sān niánjí

    3rd grade

    四年级

    sì niánjí

    4th grade

    五年级

    wǔ niánjí

    5th grade

    六年级

    liù niánjí

    6th grade

    初中
    chūzhōng

    初一

    chū yī

    7th grade

    初二

    chū èr

    8th grade

    初三

    chū sān

    9th grade

    高中

    gāozhōng

    高一

    gāo yī

    10th grade

    高二

    gāo'èr

    11th grade

    高三

    gāo sān

    12th grade

    大学

    dàxué

    大一

    dà yī

    freshman (university)

    大二

    dà èr

    sophomore

    大三

    dà sān

    junior

    大四

    dà sì

    senior

    研究生院

    yánjiūshēng yuàn

    研一

    yányī

    Master 1st year

    Master 2nd year

    Master 3rd year

    研二

    yán'èr

    研三

    yán sān

    博士

    bóshì

    PhD

    Scenario 1.2: An Dawei asks Ma Xiaoqing what she plans to do after she graduates from college.

    AD:

    MX:

    AD:

    MX:

    小青,你以后有什么打算?

    我今年就要上大四了,我想考研。如果我考上研究生院,我就去读研。如果没考上,我就找工作。

    你想不想去留学?

    留学太贵了,我还没想过。

    打算

    dǎsuàn

    to plan

    kǎo

    to take a test

    如果

    rúguǒ

    if

    研究生院

    yánjiū

    shēng yuàn

    graduate school

    to study

    zhǎo

    to look for

    工作

    gōngzuò

    job

    留学

    liúxué

    study abroad

    Note:

    要…了 is used to indicate an event is upcoming. The adverb 就 is used to emphasize that the preceding time phrase is sooner than expected. The pattern is:

    Subject + Time Phrase + 就 + 要 + Verb + 了

    我 今年 就 要 上大四 了。

    (lit. “I this year so soon will attend senior year in college.”)

    考研is an abbreviation of 考研究生, which means “taking an entrance exam for graduate school.”

    如果…,…就… is a common way to express a condition. Note that 就, an unmovable adverb, occurs only after the subject. The pattern is:

    如果 + Condition Clause, Subject + 就 + Result Clause

    如果 考上研究生院, 我 就 去读研。

    (lit. “If I pass (the exam for) graduate school, I then go to study for a

    master’s degree.)

    读研is an abbreviation of 读研究生,which means “studying for a master’s degree in a graduate school.”

    还没means “not …yet.”



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