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1.4 Verbos: El Presente -AR

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    Capítulo 1
                                                                                                                     Verbos: El Presente de verbos que terminan en -AR


    ¿Para qué sirve y cómo lo uso?

    The following explanations are all about verbs in the present tense which include regular -AR ending verbs and the verbs ser and tener. You will be able to conjugate verbs in the appropriate form and determine when to use ser and tener.

    Gramática: Verbos Regulares -AR El Presente

    Verbos -AR




    1. All verbs in Spanish end in -ar, -er, or -ir

    2. In order to conjugate remove the -ar ending and add the ending that matches.

    3. The endings provided are for the present tense.


    El, Ella, Usted



    Ellos, Ellas, Ustdes







    Amar- to love

    Caminar- to walk

    Enseñar- to teach

    Estudiar- to study

    Hablar- to talk

    Llamar- to call

    Olvidar- to forget

    Parar- to stop

    Practicar- to practice

    Trabajar- to work

    Usar- to use


    *The verbs ser and tener have various meanings and applications. However, they are important to understand and differentiate because they are both different ways of saying I am in Spanish. 

    Gramática: Verbo Ser El Presente





    1. Ser is one of the verbs in Spanish that means to be while the other is Estar.

    2. Ser is used mostly to describe the permanent state of something.

    3. Examples include:

    DOCTOR Description, Occupation, Characteristic, Time, Origin, Relation

    1. Ser is an irregular verb with different endings.


    Yo Soy


    El, Ella, Usted Es

    Nosotros/as Somos

    Vosotros/as Sois

    Ellos, Ellas, Ustdes Son

    1. Description

    Nosotras somos altas.

    We are tall.

    2. Occupation

    Ellos son estudiantes.

    They are students.

    3. Characteristic

    eres divertida.

    You are fun.

    4. Time 

    Son las dos de la tarde

    It's two in the afternoon

    5. Origin 

    Yo soy de México

    I am from México

    6. Relation

    Elizabeth es mi madre

    Elizabeth is my mom 


    Gramática: Verbo Tener El Presente





    1. Tener means to have.

    2. Tener is used for something you physically have or to express a feeling or need.

    3. Tener can be used to describe feelings or emotions at a specific time: tener + noun

    1. Tener is an irregular verb with different endings.


    Yo Tengo


    El, Ella, Usted Tiene

    Nosotros/as Tenemos

    Vosotros/as Tenéis

    Ellos, Ellas, Ustdes Tienen

    Tienes una casa.

    You have a house.

    Tengo 18 años.

    I am 18 years old.

    Tiene hambre.

    She is hungry.

    Tenemos miedo.

    We are scared.

    Tienen sueño.

    They are sleepy.

    Tengo calor.

    I am hot.

    Tener la culpa.

    To be guilty.

    Tener cuidado

    To be careful

    Tener ganas de

    To feel like

    Tener lugar

    To take place

    Tener prisa

    To be in a hurry

    Tener razón

    To be right


    Actividad 1. Conjugate the -ar verb with the appropriate ending based on context.

    Actividad 2. Conjugate ser with the appropriate ending based on context.


    Actividad 3. Conjugate tener with the appropriate ending based on context.


    Conversación: On a piece of paper or with a partner answer the following questions using the vocabulary and appropriate verb conjugations.

    1. Use an -ar verb: What is something you did today.

    2. Use the verb ser: What are two of your characteristics?

    3. Use the verb tener: What is your current need?

    4. Use an -ar verb, ser, or tener: What can you share about your studies?



    This short article discusses how Lations in the US define familia in their culture.


    Más Recursos

    Ser, Estar, Tener:

    -AR Verb Endings Songs:

    Ser vs Estar:


    1.4 Verbos: El Presente -AR is shared under a not declared license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

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