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1.1 Saludos y Presentaciones

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    Capítulo 1
                                                                                                                  Saludos y Presentaciones
                                                                                                Men, Employees, Suit, Work, Greeting, Business, Office

    ¿Para qué sirve y cómo lo uso?

    The following explanations and examples demonstrate how to greet people and introduce yourself in Spanish in a formal or informal setting. In addition, you will learn about the alphabet and numbers in Spanish. The end goal of using this information is to equip you with the necessary information to have your first conversation. 

    Saludos Formales Ejemplos Formales Saludos Informales Ejemplos Informales Ejemplos Respuestas

    1. These forms are used to greet someone politely.

    2. They are usually used to address a stranger, an older acquaintance, or a superior.

    3. Instead of the pronoun tú for you usted is used.

    Buenos días señor

    Buenas tardes señora

    Buenas noches doctor

    ¿Cómo está?

    ¿Y usted?


    Good morning Mr.

    Good afternoon Mrs.

    Good night Dr.

    How are you?

    And you?

    1. These forms are used to greet family, friends, or someone you know personally.

    2. The pronoun tú for you is used.

    ¿Cómo estás?


    ¿Qué tal?

    ¿Qué pasa?

    ¿Y tú?


    How are you?


    How is it going?

    What’s up?

    And you?


    Muy bien


    Más o menos


    De nada



    Very Good


    So, so

    Thank You

    You’re Welcome


    Presentaciones y Más  (F) = Formal (I)= Informal





    Me llamo

    ¿Cómo te llamas?

    ¿Cómo se llama?

    Mucho gusto



    My name is

    What is your name? (I)

    What is your name? (F)

    Nice to meet you

    Nice to meet you





    ¿Por qué?

    ¿De dónde es?

    ¿Cuántos años tiene?






    Where are you from (F)?

    How old are you (F)?

    ¿De dónde eres?

    ¿Cuántos años tienes?

    Soy de ___

    Tengo ___ años



    Where are you from (I)?

    How old are you (I)?

    I am from

    I am ___ years old

    There is/are



    Hasta luego

    Hasta mañana

    ¡Nos vemos!

    ¡Que tengas un buen día!


    Goodbye (F)

    Goodbye (I)

    See you later

    See you tomorrow

    See you!

    Have a nice day!


    Gramática: El Alfabeto

    Aa (a), Bb (be), Cc (ce), Dd (de), Ee (e), Ff (efe), Gg (ge), Hh (hache), Ii (i),

    Jj (jota), Kk (ka), Ll (ele), Mm (eme), Nn (ene), Ññ (eñe), Oo (o), Pp (pe), Qq (cu),

    Rr (erre), Ss (ese), Tt (te), Uu (u), Vv (ve), Ww (doble ve), Xx (equis), Yy (ye), Zz (zeta)

    El Alfabeto




    1. The Spanish alphabet officially has 27 letters.


    2. There are also 3 additional consonants: ch, ll, and rr known as diagraphs

    ch (che), ll (elle), rr (erre)

    3. The strong vowels are a, e, o while the weak ones are i and u

    Mo/chi/la = Backpack

    Llu/via = Rain

    Ca/rro = Car


    Emple/o = Job

    Ciu/dad = City


    Números 1-100





    1- uno

    2- dos

    3- tres

    4- cuatro

    5- cinco

    6- seis

    7- siete

    8- ocho

    9- nueve

    10- diez

    11- once

    12- doce

    13- trece

    14- catorce

    15- quince

    16- dieciséis

    17- diecisiete

    18- dieciocho

    19- diecinueve

    20- veinte

    21- veintiuno

    22- veintidós

    23- veintitrés

    24- veinticuatro

    25- veinticinco

    26- veintiséis

    27- veintisiete

    28- veintiocho

    29- veintinueve

    30- treinta

    31- treinta y uno

    32- treinta y dos

    40- cuarenta

    50- cincuenta

    60- sesenta

    70- setenta

    80- ochenta

    90- noventa

    100- cien


    Actividad \(\PageIndex{1}\)

    (Activity/Exercise) Greet the following people. Make sure to be aware if the formal or informal form should be used. Example: Greet Enrique. Hola Enrique.

    1. Greet Ana.

    2. Greet Mr. López.

    3. Greet Mrs. Sánchez.

    4.  Introduce yourself with your name.

    5. Share your age and where you are from.

    6. Ask Enrique how he is doing.

    7. Ask Mrs. Sánchez how she is doing.

    8. Say you are doing well, thank you.

    9. Say you are doing so, so. 

    10. Say you are not doing well.


    1. Hola Ana.

    2. Buenos Días/ Buenas Tardes Señor López.

    3. Buenos Días/ Buenas Tardes Señora Sánchez.

    4. Soy (tu nombre)/ Me llamo (tu nombre).

    5. Tengo # años y soy de (ciudad).

    6. ¿Cómo estás Enrique?

    7. ¿Cómo está Señora Sánchez?

    8. Muy bien, gracias.

    9. Más o menos.

    10. Estoy mal/ No estoy muy bien.



    Actividad \(\PageIndex{2}\)



    Ana: Hello, nice to meet you! My name is Ana.

    Enrique: Nice to meet you (use a different form). My name is Enrique.

    Ana: Where are you from? I am from Mexico.

    Enrique: I am from Argentina. How old are you?

    Ana: I am nineteen years old. You?

    Enrique: I am twenty years old.

    Ana: Well, my class is about to start. Have a nice day!

    Enrique: You too!



    Actividad \(\PageIndex{3}\)



    Ana: Good morning, Professor López.

    Professor López: Good morning, Ana. How are you?

    Ana: Very good. And you?

    Professor López: Good. Are you ready for history class?

    Ana: Yes, I have a new notebook and the book.

    Professor López: Very good! Here is your desk and the paper you need.

    Ana: Thank you so much!

    Professor López: Let’s start with the information on the chalkboard.



    Conversación: On a piece of paper or with a partner greet and introduce yourself to a classmate and to your professor using the informal and formal forms.

    1. Share how you are doing.

    2. Share your age and where you are from.

    3. Ask them how they are doing and where they are from.



    This article discusses the different ways to greet in Spanish depending on the setting and the people. The use of hugs and kisses is discussed.


    Más Recursos

    More examples of Greetings:

    Alphabet Song with Vowels:

    Podcast Coffee Break Spanish Lesson 1 Greetings & 6 Numbers:

    1.1 Saludos y Presentaciones is shared under a not declared license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

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