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10.5: Matumizi ya Lugha

  • Page ID
    79959
  • Sarufi: Kirejeshi Kisicho Tensi

    The tenseless relative construction refers to actions taking place in the general or ‘universal’ present, i.e. the present expressed by the tenses -a- and hu-. It is often used in proverbs.

    kisiwa kijulikanacho
    known island/island that’s known (3)
    mtu awezaye kuendesha shule vizuri (80)
    someone able to (who can) run a school well
    kazi wafanyazo
    activities (which) they do (57)
    mwezi ujao
    month which is coming/next month
    swali lifuatalo
    the following question
    kisiwa kisichojulikana
    unknown island/island which isn’t known
    mtu asiyeweza …
    someone unable/who can’t…
    kazi wasizofanya
    activities (which) they don’t do
    mwezi usiokuja
    month which isn’t coming
    swali lisilofuata
    the question which doesn’t follow

     

    Methali:

    Ajuaye ni Mungu. 
    The one who knows is God. (Only God has true knowledge.) 

    Mtoto umleavyo ndiyo akuavyo. 
    How you raise a child, that’s how s/he’ll grow.

     

    Zoezi la kwanza. BADILISHA TENSI.

    Tafsiri sentensi zifuatazo. Badilisha tensi na kutumia sarufi mpya, yaani Virejeshi Visivyo Tensi.

    1          Mtu anayesoma madarasa mengi ni msomi.
    2          Simba anayejulikana si mkali.
    3          Lugha zinazofundishwa kwa kawaida ni Kixhosa na Kikikuyu.
    4          Watu wanaoandika riwaya ni waandishi.
    5          Dini inayotawala Unguja ni Islam.
    6          Juma linalokuja litakuwa refu.
    7          Wiki inayokuja haitakuwa rahisi.

    Zoezi la pili. TAFSIRI METHALI.

    1          Kila apigaye (hodi) mlango hupata majibu.
    2          Yote yang’aayo usidhani ni dhahabu. (ng’aa=shine, glitter)
    3          Kikulacho ki nguoni mwako. (ki=kimo)
    4          Asiyeuliza hanalo ajifunzalo.
    5          Amnyimaye punda adesi, kampunguzia mashuzi. (nyima=deny, adesi
    9/10=lentil, shuzi 5/6=fart)
    6          Aisifuye mvua, imemnyea. (sifu = praise, nya = excrete; rain)

    Zoezi la tatu. MAELEZO YA METHALI.

    Andika insha inayoeleza maana ya methali moja. Utapata methali nyingi kwenye mtandao:
    http://www.glcom.com/hassan/kanga.html
    .
    http://web.ionsys.com/~mourad/methali.htm
    Kanga Gallery
    http://www.swahilionline.com/language/proverbs/provrbs.htm

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