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Humanities Libertexts

Lição 24

  • Page ID
    15539
  • Lesson Objectives- Objetivos da Lição

    Lição 24 presents:

    • the formation and usage of the subjunctive in more adverbial clauses, 
    • how to express possibility with talvez and
    • new vocabulary.

    After completing this lesson, the student will be able to:

    • further  recognize and produce the subjunctive in adverbial clauses.
    • express possibility.

    Grammar – Gramática

    The subjunctive in adverbial clauses –  O subjuntivo em orações adverbiais

    In addition to the conjunctions listed in Lição 23, the following conjunctions are also followed by the present or imperfect subjunctive. When the verb of the independent clause is in a present or future tense of the indicative, or in the imperative mode, the verb of the dependent clause will be in the present subjunctive; and when the verb of the independent clause is in a past or conditional tense of the indicative, the verb of the dependent clause will be in the imperfect subjunctive.

    Conjunções de propósito  [Conjunctions of purpose]
    para que/ a fim de que [so that, in order that/to]
    sem que [without]
    Vamos falar baixo para que ela não ouça. [Let’s speak softly so that she won’t hear us.]
    Nós conseguimos sair sem que ela nos ouvisse. [We managed to leave without her hearing us.]
    Conjunções de tempo [Conjunctions of time]
    antes que [before]
    Vou reservar as passagens antes que seja tarde demais. [I’m going to make flight reservations before it is too late.]
    Não conseguimos chegar à Seção de Passaportes antes que fechasse. [We weren’t able to get to the Passport Office before they closed.]
    até que [until]
    When the main verb anticipates the fulfillment of an action, até que is followed by the present or imperfect subjunctive:
    Ficaremos aqui até que os outros cheguem. [We will stay here until the others arrive.]
    Íamos ficar em Lisboa até que os documentos estivessem prontos. [We were going to stay in Lisbon until our documents were ready.]
    When the main verb indicates an accomplished or habitual action, até que is followed by the indicative:
    Ele sempre dorme até que eu o acordo. [He always sleeps until I wake him up.]
    Fiquei na festa até que todos foram embora. I stayed at the party until everyone left.]
    24.1 Practice – Prática

    24.1 A. 

    An interactive or media element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can view it online here:
    https://wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=71

    24. 1 B. Responda às seguintes perguntas usando nas suas repostas as sugestões dadas à direita:

    1. Até quando você ficará aqui? Until I see her
    2. Quando ela vai comprar as passagens? Before the prices go up
    3. Até quando o professor falou? Until the students fell asleep
    4. Quando ele embarcou? Before they asked to see his passport
    5. Até quando teremos que esperar? Until he clears customs
    6. Quando você vai para a França? Before my visa expires

    Subjunctive vs Indicative with talvez- Subjuntivo vs. Indicativo com talvez

    When a verb is preceded by talvez, it must be conjugated in either the present or imperfect subjunctive.

    Talvez ele esteja em casa. [Perhaps he’s at home.]
    Se nós adiássemos a viagem para junho, talvez pudéssemos ficar mais tempo. [If we were to postpone the trip until June, maybe we could stay longer.]
    However, when the verb precedes talvez, one of the indicative tenses is used:
    Este será talvez o problema mais grave da nação. [This may well be the most serious problem of the nation.]
    Ela foi talvez o maior amor da minha vida.  [She was, perhaps, the greatest love of my life.]
    24.2 Practice- Prática

    24.2 A. 

    An interactive or media element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can view it online here:
    https://wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=71

    Vocabulary – Vocabulário

    Verbs – Verbos

    Expressions – Expressões

    24.3 Practice- Prática

    24.3 A. 

    An interactive or media element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can view it online here:
    https://wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=71

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