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4.5.1: Groups of Adverbials by General Meanings

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    Groups of Adverbials by General Meanings


    As long as, as soon as, as, when, whenever, before, next time, once, since, the next time, by the time that, until, till, while, now that

    Cause or Reason

    As, as long as, because, now that, since, so that, whereas, inasmuch as, on account of the fact that, owing to the fact that, in view of the fact that, because of the fact that, due to the fact that


    If, unless, in case, whatever, where, whether, on condition that, provided that, providing that, in the event that, whether or not

    Contrast or Concession

    Although, even though, though, while, whereas, even if, in spite of the fact that, despite the fact that, notwithstanding the fact that


    While, where, whereas (Adversatives always have a comma separating sentences into two parts.)


    So that, in order that, for the purpose that


    So adjective or adverb that,     
    such a [Noun] adjective that



    As adjective or adverb as,   
    Not so adjective or adverb as
    Adjective or adverb + er + than
    More adjective or adverb than


    As if, as though (These always come last in a sentence.)


    Additional Examples:

    As soon as I got home from school, I ate a sandwich.
    I ate a sandwich as soon as I got home from school.

    You look as though you have seen a ghost.

    The boy ran home as if a killer was chasing him.

    My students have trouble writing sentences, whereas I can write sentences easily.

    America is a rich country, while many other countries are dirt poor.

    Some students learn English faster than other students do.

    Due to the fact that you need to learn how to write correctly, I make you rewrite some of your homework assignments.

    Owing to the fact that the weather is lousy outside, I am not going to work in my garden.

    I took a bus downtown on Saturday so that I could save money on gas and on parking.

    Inasmuch as I am an English teacher, I rarely make mistakes in writing.

    Unless you study hard for the final exam, you will not get a passing grade.

    Whether or not you study is up to you.

    By the time that you lean all of these words, your English writing ability will have improved quite a bit.

    My friend failed the examination despite the fact that she studied hard.

    Once you learn to write well, the rest of English will be rather easy.

    Exercise 14:  Use the following adverbial to make complete sentences, please.

    1.  although

    2.  because

    3.  while

    4.  after that

    5.  owing to the fact that

    6.  as long as

    7.  whereas

    8.  by the time that

    9.  even though

    10.  as

    11.  due to the fact that

    12.  in spite of the fact that

    4.5.1: Groups of Adverbials by General Meanings is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Don Bissonnette.

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