# 4.5.1: Groups of Adverbials by General Meanings

$$\newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} }$$ $$\newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}}$$$$\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}$$ $$\newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}$$ $$\newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}$$ $$\newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}$$ $$\newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}$$ $$\newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}$$ $$\newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}$$ $$\newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}$$ $$\newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}$$ $$\newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}$$ $$\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}$$ $$\newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}$$ $$\newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}$$ $$\newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}$$ $$\newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}$$ $$\newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}$$ $$\newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}$$ $$\newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}$$ $$\newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}$$ $$\newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}$$

Groups of Adverbials by General Meanings

Time

As long as, as soon as, as, when, whenever, before, next time, once, since, the next time, by the time that, until, till, while, now that

Cause or Reason

As, as long as, because, now that, since, so that, whereas, inasmuch as, on account of the fact that, owing to the fact that, in view of the fact that, because of the fact that, due to the fact that

Condition

If, unless, in case, whatever, where, whether, on condition that, provided that, providing that, in the event that, whether or not

Contrast or Concession

Although, even though, though, while, whereas, even if, in spite of the fact that, despite the fact that, notwithstanding the fact that

While, where, whereas (Adversatives always have a comma separating sentences into two parts.)

Purpose

So that, in order that, for the purpose that

Result

Comparison

Manner

As if, as though (These always come last in a sentence.)

As soon as I got home from school, I ate a sandwich.
I ate a sandwich as soon as I got home from school.

You look as though you have seen a ghost.

The boy ran home as if a killer was chasing him.

My students have trouble writing sentences, whereas I can write sentences easily.

America is a rich country, while many other countries are dirt poor.

Some students learn English faster than other students do.

Due to the fact that you need to learn how to write correctly, I make you rewrite some of your homework assignments.

Owing to the fact that the weather is lousy outside, I am not going to work in my garden.

I took a bus downtown on Saturday so that I could save money on gas and on parking.

Inasmuch as I am an English teacher, I rarely make mistakes in writing.

Unless you study hard for the final exam, you will not get a passing grade.

Whether or not you study is up to you.

By the time that you lean all of these words, your English writing ability will have improved quite a bit.

My friend failed the examination despite the fact that she studied hard.

Once you learn to write well, the rest of English will be rather easy.

1.  although

2.  because

3.  while

4.  after that

5.  owing to the fact that

6.  as long as

7.  whereas

8.  by the time that

9.  even though

10.  as

11.  due to the fact that

12.  in spite of the fact that

4.5.1: Groups of Adverbials by General Meanings is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Don Bissonnette.