Skip to main content
Humanities Libertexts

1.8: Comparing Genres, Conclusion

Even though the previous pages all were about cars in some way, you no doubt realized they were very different in tone, style, and quality.

Let’s take a closer look at each.

Example 1

“Electric and Plug-in Hybrids,” by George Crabtree, came from OpenStax CNX, a textbook publisher.

Screen-Shot-2016-05-10-at-10.58.15-AM.png

Figure \(\PageIndex{1}\)

The full source demonstrates some features common to textbooks:

  • clearly stated learning outcomes for each section
  • formal tone
  • direct language
  • definitions of key terms
  • no in-text citations, though references may be included at the end of a chapter
  • images to help illustrate the topic

 A textbook’s primary goal is to educate readers.

Example 2

“Will the Tesla Model 3 recharge the U.S. electric vehicle market?” by David Keith, came from The Conversation, an online news source.

Screen-Shot-2016-05-10-at-11.00.09-AM.png

Figure \(\PageIndex{2}\)

The full article demonstrates some features common to journalism:

  • most important information appears near the opening of the article
  • reports facts
  • quotes and interviews from experts on the topic
  • no in-text citations, no citations at the end
  • embedded links to related sources
  • images to help illustrate the topic

A news article’s primary goal is to inform readers.

Example 3

“Cannibalism in the Cars,” by Mark Twain, came from a collection of his short stories, Sketches New and Old.

cover-225x251.jpg

Figure \(\PageIndex{3}\)

The full story demonstrates some features common to literature:

  • introduces characters
  • follows a narrative sequence of events, revealing a plot
  • includes description to set scene
  • may use first-person, second-person, or third-person voice
  • uses dialogue to convey what characters say to one another
  • no in-text citations, no citations at the end

A work of literature’s primary goal is to entertain readers.

Example 4

“Hybrid vehicle” came from Wikipedia, the well-known online encyclopedia.

Wikipedia-logo-en-big-225x276.png

Figure \(\PageIndex{4}\)

The full story demonstrates some features common to reference material:

  • highly structured and organized text, using headings and sub-headings
  • factual content
  • includes in-text citation (or footnotes) and a list of References at the end
  • embedded links to related sources
  • historical information
  • images to help illustrate the topic
  • formal tone
  • clear and easy to read

A reference work’s primary goal is to inform readers.

Example 5

“The Influence of Intersections on Fuel Consumption in Urban Arterial Road Traffic: A Single Vehicle Test in Harbin, China,” by Lina Wu, Yusheng Ci, Jiangwei Chu, and Hongsheng Zhang, came from PLoS One, an online academic journal.

Screen-Shot-2016-05-10-at-11.06.59-AM.png

Figure \(\PageIndex{5}\)

The full article demonstrates some features common to academic journal content:

  • highly structured and organized text, using headings and sub-headings
  • describes an experiment or an analysis, including the authors’ findings and interpretations
  • includes in-text citation (or footnotes) and a list of References at the end
  • advanced vocabulary, specific to the field of study
  • images to help illustrate the topic

An academic journal article’s primary goal is to distribute new ideas to readers.

  • Was this article helpful?