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5.7: Try It: Verbs

  • Page ID
    5314
  • This activity is not graded. The text fields below are purely for self-reflection; you do not need to submit anything for this assignment.

    Categorize

    Look at the bolded verbs in the following paragraphs, and identify each as an active verb, a linking verb, or a helping verb. (Note: Gerunds, participles, and infinitives have not been bolded.)

    Macronaria_scrubbed_enh-768x447.jpg

    Figure \(\PageIndex{1}\) - Several macronarian sauropods; from left to right, Camarasaurus, Brachiosaurus, Giraffatitan, and Euhelopus.

    In terms of iconic dinosaurs, the gargantuan sauropods are certainly up there. Sauropods form one of the three major groups of dinosaurs (along with the mostly meat eating-theropods and the herbivorous ornithischians), and they were the biggest animals to ever walk this Earth.

    The end of the Jurassic period, some 145 million years ago, was a pretty important time for sauropods. Their diversity was already in decline through some of the latter part of the Jurassic, but it seems that they were hit pretty badly at the Jurassic/Cretaceous boundary in an extinction event that may have been quite severe among land- and marine-dwelling animals.

    Answer:

    Your answer should look something like this. Please note that the helping verbs are followed by the verbs they help in brackets.

    Active verbs: form, hit

    Linking verbs: are, were, was, was, seems, been

    Helping verbs: were [hit], may have [been]

    Agreement

    Read through the paragraph below and select the verbs that agree in each sentence:

    It (was/were) previously thought that diplodocids, a group of sauropods with narrow teeth, went extinct at the Jurassic/Cretaceous boundary, along with other sauropods. Other sauropod groups—such as rebbachisaurids and titanosauriforms—(seems/seem) to (has/have) been unaffected at the Jurassic/Cretaceous boundary. This group-based selectivity of extinction (suggests/suggest) that there (was/were) a degree of targeting in extinction across the boundary, possibly as a result of different feeding styles or different environments which the different sauropods lived in at the time.

    Answer:

    Your answer should look something like this:

    was; seem; have; suggests; was

    Here is the full paragraph with the correct verbs selected:

    It was previously thought that diplodocids, a group of sauropods with narrow teeth, went extinct at the Jurassic/Cretaceous boundary, along with other sauropods. Other sauropod groups—such as rebbachisaurids and titanosauriforms—seem to have been unaffected at the Jurassic/Cretaceous boundary. This group-based selectivity of extinction suggests that there was a degree of targeting in extinction across the boundary, possibly as a result of different feeding styles or different environments which the different sauropods lived in at the time.

    Non-Finite Clauses

    Identify if each sentence uses a gerund, participle, or infinitive. Record your answers in the text frame below:

    1. Having lost the race, Karen felt as if she had also lost all hope.
    2. Levi wanted to win.
    3. Losing is not an option.
    4. The other team was beaten by us.
    5. The team beaten by us were bad sports about it.
    Answer:

    Your answer should look something like this:

    1. Having lost the race is a present participle. In this sentence, it acts as an adverbial phrase.
    2. To win is an infinitive. In this sentence, it is a direct object.
    3. Losing is a gerund. In this sentence, it is the subject.
    4. Beaten is a past participle. In this sentence, it is a part of the passive voice.
    5. Beaten by us is a past participle. In this sentence, it is an adjective phrase.
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