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7.2: Verb Tenses: Active Voice

[ "article:topic", "authorname:rjeffrey", "Active Voice" ]
  • Page ID
    5824
  • SIMPLE TENSES

    SIMPLE PRESENT

    $$\text{General facts, states of being, scheduled events in the future, and repeated actions}\; = \text{base form or –s form}$$

    Example \(\PageIndex{1}\):

    • Teachers often grade late into the night.
    • Water becomes ice at 32 degrees Fahrenheit.
    • Celebrities donate to hundreds of charities every year.
    • The plane departs tonight at 9:00 p.m.

    SIMPLE PAST

    $$\text{Completed actions from the past that occurred at a specific time or facts/states of being that occurred in the past} = \text{base form} + \text{-ed/-d/irregular form}$$

    Example \(\PageIndex{2}\):

    • Their neighbors worked together to rebuild the house.
    • He drove across country to prove a point.
    • When she was young, my sister played with me all the time.

    SIMPLE FUTURE

    $$\text{Future actions, predictions, or promises} = \text{will} + \text{base form}$$

    Example \(\PageIndex{3}\):

    • will eat in a few minutes.
    • The rain will stop any second now.

    SIMPLE PROGRESSIVE FORMS

    PRESENT PROGRESSIVE

    $$\text{Actions that are happening right now, but not happening forever or future actions} = \text{am, is, are} + \text{present participle}$$

    Example \(\PageIndex{4}\):

    • The teachers are meeting in the boardroom. Josie is meeting the principal.
    • We are baking cookies tomorrow.

    PAST PROGRESSIVE

    $$\text{Actions that happened at a specific time in the past or past plans that didn’t happen} = \text{was, were/was going to, were going to} + \text{present participle}$$

    Example \(\PageIndex{5}\):

    • They were sailing when the hurricane hit.
    • was going to fly out tonight, but couldn’t get a ticket.

    PERFECT TENSES

    PRESENT PERFECT

    $$\text{Repetitive or constant actions that began in the past but are still happening or actions that happened at an unspecified time in the past} = \text{has, have} + \text{past participle}$$

    Example \(\PageIndex{6}\):

    • have loved dogs since I was a child.
    • Alex has lived in the UK for over a year.
    • Stephanie has bought three cars in three years.

    PAST PERFECT

    $$\text{Actions that occurred/began before something else in the past} = \text{had} + \text{past participle}$$

    Example \(\PageIndex{7}\):

    He had just choked when the ambulance drove by.

    PERFECT PROGRESSIVE FORMS

    PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE

    $$\text{Continuous actions that began in the past but are still occurring} = \text{has, have} + \text{been} + \text{past participle}$$

    Example \(\PageIndex{8}\):

    Ygritte has been trying to learn knitting for years.

    PAST PERFECT PROGRESSIVE

    $$\text{Actions that began and continued in the past until some other action in the past occurred} = \text{had} + \text{been} + \text{present participle}$$

    Example \(\PageIndex{9}\):

    By the time I moved to Klamath Falls, I had been writing for ten years.

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