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5.18: Putting It Together- ¿Quiénes son los miembros de una familia?

  • Page ID
    236993
    • Erica Brown, Alejandra Escudero, María Cristina Montoya, & Elizabeth Small
    • SUNY Oneonta via OER SUNY
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    Click on each link below for a review summary to help you complete the assignments and prepare for the quiz to demonstrate your mastery of the objectives.

    La familia

    La familia

    • El abuelo / La abuela (grandfather / grandmother)
    • El esposo / La esposa (husband / wife)
    • El hermano / La hermana (brother / sister)
    • El hijo / La hija (son / daughter)
    • La madre, mamá (mother, mom)
    • El nieto / La nieta (grandson / granddaughter)
    • El novio / La novia (boyfriend / girlfriend)
    • El padre, papá (father, dad)
    • La pareja (couple)
    • El pariente (relative)
    • El primo / La prima (cousin)
    • El sobrino / La sobrina (nephew / niece)
    • El tío / La tía (uncle / aunt)
    • La cuñada / el cuñado (sister-in-law / brother-in-law)
    • Los medio hermanos / el medio hermano/ la media hermana (half-siblings / half-brother / half-sister)
    • Los hermanastros / el hermanastro / la hermanastra (stepsiblings / stepbrother / stepsister)
    • El hijastro / La hijastra (stepson / stepdaughter)
    • La madrastra / El padrastro (stepmother / stepfather)
    • la suegra / el suegro (mother-in-law / father-in-law)

    Tipos de familias:

    • Familia nuclear o pequeña
    • Familia extendida o grande
    • Primera, segunda, tercera generación
    • La familia política
    • La familia moderna
    • La familia tradicional

    Mascotas

    • el conejo (rabbit, bunny)
    • el cuy (guinea pig)
    • el gato / la gata (cat)
    • el pájaro (bird)
    • el perro / la perra (dog)
    • el pez (fish)
    • la tortuga (turtle)

     

    Los posesivos

    Posesión con ser + de

    There are two ways to indicate possession in Spanish. As you may recall, one way is to use the verb ser in the following pattern: object(s) + ser de + person who has the object(s)

    Los adjetivos posesivos

    A more common way to express possession, especially when it is clear to whom something belongs, is to use possessive adjectives:

    singular possessor plural possessor
    mi (my) nuestro (our)
    tu (your) vuestro (your)
    su (his, her, your) su (their, your)

     

    ¿Cuánto(s) y quién(es)?

    ¿Cuánto/cuántos? means “how many” if the noun is countable (meaning you can count up by adding more of the items), and means “how much” if the noun is uncountable (meaning an indivisible, collective thing).

    Quién is the singular version of “who,” and is meant to represent one person. Therefore, the verb is conjugated in the él/ella form as if one person were the subject of the sentence. Quiénes is the plural version of “who,” and is meant to represent multiple people. Here you would use the ellos/ellas form of the verb.

     

    Verbos regulares de -er/-ir

    -ER VERBS

    • aprender (to learn)
    • beber (to drink)
    • comer (to eat)
    • comprender (to understand)
    • correr (to run)
    • creer (to believe)
    • deber (must, should)
    • leer (to read)
    • vender (to sell)

    -IR VERBS

    • abrir (to open)
    • compartir (to share)
    • cumplir (to complete)
    • decidir (to decide)
    • describir (to describe)
    • escribir (to write)
    • recibir (to receive)
    • vivir (to live)

     

    Adjetivos descriptivos

    El aspecto físico (physical aspect)

    • alto/a (tall)

    • bajo/a (short)
    • bonito/a (pretty)
    • delgado/a (thin, skinny)
    • feo/a (ugly)
    • gordo/a (fat)
    • grande (large, big)
    • guapo/a (handsome)
    • joven (young)
    • moreno/a (dark-haired or dark-skinned)
    • pelirrojo (red-haired)
    • pequeño/a (small)
    • rubio (blond-haired)
    • viejo/a (old)

    La personalidad (personality)

    • aburrido/a (boring [w. ser])
    • amable/a (nice, amiable)
    • antipático/a (unfriendly)
    • atlético/a (athletic)
    • bueno/a (good)
    • cariñoso/a (caring)
    • cómico/a (funny)
    • egoísta (selfish)
    • famoso/a (famous)
    • generoso/a (generous)
    • honesto/a (honest)
    • impaciente (impatient)
    • inteligente (intelligent)
    • interesante (interesting)
    • malo/a (bad)
    • paciente (patient)
    • perezoso/a (lazy)
    • pobre (poor)
    • rico/a (rich)
    • serio/a (serious)
    • simpático/a (nice)
    • sociable (sociable)
    • tímido/a (timid)
    • tonto/a (foolish, silly)
    • trabajador/a (hard-working)

     

    Los países y las nacionalidades

    • Argentina, argentina/o
    • Bolivia, boliviana/o
    • Canadá, canadiense
    • Chile, chilena/o
    • Colombia, colombiana/o
    • Costa Rica, costarricense
    • Cuba, cubana/o
    • Ecuador, ecuatoriana/o
    • El Salvador, salvadoreña/o
    • Estados Unidos, estadounidense
    • Guatemala, guatemalteca/o
    • Honduras, hondureña/o
    • México, mexicana/o
    • Nicaragua, nicaragüense
    • Panamá, panameña/o
    • Paraguay, paraguaya/o
    • Perú, peruana/o
    • República Dominicana, dominicana/o
    • Uruguay, uruguaya/o
    • Venezuela, venezolana/o
    • España, español/ española

     

    Contributors and Attributions

    • Putting It Together: u00bfQuiu00e9nes son los miembros de una familia?. Authored by: Lumen Learning. License: CC BY: Attribution

    This page titled 5.18: Putting It Together- ¿Quiénes son los miembros de una familia? is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Erica Brown, Alejandra Escudero, María Cristina Montoya, & Elizabeth Small (OER SUNY) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.