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Humanities LibreTexts

4.2.1: Internal Text Features

  • Page ID
    15038
  • Identifying Internal Text Features to Improve Academic Text Comprehension

    Internal text features are used by the author to show the reader the relationships between ideas.  

    THINK LIKE AN AUTHOR

    • Authors must consider how to develop an ideaand usepatterns of development to create these relationships. 

    • A critical reader identifies the transition wordsthat signal thepattern of development used by the author.  

    • Some transition words can signal more than one pattern of developmentso it is always most important to make meaningfrom the text.  

     

    Internal Text Structures in Academic Texts

    PATTERNS OF DEVELOPMENT

    TRANSITION WORDS

    • Definition

    • Compare/Contrast

    • Cause/Effect

    • Process

    • Time Order

    • Illustration/Example

    • Problem/Solution

    • is, refers to, also known as

    • like, both, but, however

    • consequently, thus, as a result

    • stage, step, enumeration

    • dates, enumeration, before

    • for instance, example, such as

    • question, answer, therefore

    Identifying Internal Text Structures

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    Cornell Note Taking Formats

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    Cornell Notes

    How has scientific research changed the world?

    Before you write, reflect on the information learned.  Think about the answer using your own words.

    Medicine and technology have improved 

    • life expectancy/health 
    • intelligence,
    • overall quality & comfort of life.

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    What is science?

    Text Organization and Its Relationship to Reading Comprehension: Can you explain it?

    • Well-presented physical text facilitates reading comprehension.

    • Text structure and student awareness of text structure are highly related to reading comprehension.

    • Explicit instruction in the physical presentation of text and/or text structure facilitates reading comprehension. That’s what we will do with the textbook analysis project!

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