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4.2.1: Internal Text Features

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    Identifying Internal Text Features to Improve Academic Text Comprehension

    Internal text features are used by the author to show the reader the relationships between ideas.  


    • Authors must consider how to develop an ideaand usepatterns of development to create these relationships. 

    • A critical reader identifies the transition wordsthat signal thepattern of development used by the author.  

    • Some transition words can signal more than one pattern of developmentso it is always most important to make meaningfrom the text.  


    Internal Text Structures in Academic Texts



    • Definition

    • Compare/Contrast

    • Cause/Effect

    • Process

    • Time Order

    • Illustration/Example

    • Problem/Solution

    • is, refers to, also known as

    • like, both, but, however

    • consequently, thus, as a result

    • stage, step, enumeration

    • dates, enumeration, before

    • for instance, example, such as

    • question, answer, therefore

    Identifying Internal Text Structures

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    Cornell Note Taking Formats

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    Cornell Notes

    How has scientific research changed the world?

    Before you write, reflect on the information learned.  Think about the answer using your own words.

    Medicine and technology have improved 

    • life expectancy/health 
    • intelligence,
    • overall quality & comfort of life.

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    What is science?

    Text Organization and Its Relationship to Reading Comprehension: Can you explain it?

    • Well-presented physical text facilitates reading comprehension.

    • Text structure and student awareness of text structure are highly related to reading comprehension.

    • Explicit instruction in the physical presentation of text and/or text structure facilitates reading comprehension. That’s what we will do with the textbook analysis project!

    4.2.1: Internal Text Features is shared under a not declared license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

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