All academic writers use evidence to support their claims. However, different writing tasks in different fields require different types of evidence. Often, a combination of different types of evidence is required in order to adequately support and develop a point. Evidence is not simply “facts.” Evidence is not simply “quotes.”
Evidence is what a writer uses to support or defend his or her argument, and only valid and credible evidence is enough to make an argument strong.
For a review of what evidence means in terms of developing body paragraphs within an essay, you can refer back to Section 4.3.
As you develop your research-supported essay, consider not only what types of evidence might support your ideas but also what types of evidence will be considered valid or credible according to the academic discipline or academic audience for which you are writing.
Evidence in the Humanities: Literature, Art, Film, Music, Philosophy
7.3 Types of Evidence in Academic Arguments by Robin Jeffrey and Yvonne Bruce is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.