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Humanities LibreTexts 3.621–33

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    “non tamen hanc sacro violari pondere pinum
    perpetiar” dixi; “pars hic mihi maxima iuris”
    inque aditu obsisto: furit audacissimus omni
    de numero Lycabas, qui Tusca pulsus ab urbe
    exilium dira poenam pro caede luebat;                                 625
    is mihi, dum resto, iuvenali guttura pugno
    rupit et excussum misisset in aequora, si non
    haesissem, quamvis amens, in fune retentus.
    inpia turba probat factum; tum denique Bacchus
    (Bacchus enim fuerat), veluti clamore solutus                        630
    sit sopor aque mero redeant in pectora sensus,
    “quid facitis? quis clamor?” ait “qua, dicite, nautae,
    huc ope perveni? quo me deferre paratis?”

    Study Questions

    • What noun does the demonstrative adjective hanc (621) modify?
    • Parse perpetiar (622).
    • What is the verb in the clause pars hic mihi maxima iuris (622)?
    • Identify and explain the case of mihi (622).
    • What kind of genitive is iuris (622)? On what noun does it depend?
    • What kind of ablative is iuvenali … pugno (626)?
    • What kind of condition does si non (627) introduce? What is the apodosis?
    • What is the main verb of the sentence that starts with tum denique Bacchus (629)?
    • What kind of ablative is clamore (630)?
    • What does the -que after the preposition a (631) link?
    • What noun does the interrogative adjective qua (632) modify?

    Stylistic Appreciation

    • Discuss how the Latin re-enacts the way Bacchus gradually emerges out of his drunken stupor.
    • Is there a point to the s-alliteration solutus | sit sopor … sensus?

    Discussion Points

    Why do things turn violent?

    pinus, -us (and -i), f. pine, pine-tree;
    anything made of pine-wood; ship
    perpetior, -ti, -ssus to suffer to the full; tolerate, put up with
    aditus, -us, m approach, entry, entrance
    obsisto, -ere, -stiti, -stitum to set oneself before; to oppose, resist
    pello, -ere, -pepuli, pulsus to strike; here: to drive into exile, banish
    Tuscus, -a, -um of Etruria or its inhabitants, Etruscan
    luo, -ere, lui to pay a debt or penalty
    luere poenam/ poenas to suffer/ undergo as punishment
    resto, -are, restiti to stop behind;
    to withstand, resist, oppose
    iuvenalis, -is, -e youthful
    guttur, -uris, n. gullet, throat
    pugnus, -i, m. fist
    rumpo, -ere, rupi, ruptum to break, burst, tear, rend, rupture
    excutio, -tere, -ssi, -ssum to shake off, throw
    funis, -is, m. rope, cord
    quamvis (adv.) ever so much, exceedingly;
    (conj.) although, albeit
    retineo, -ere, -ui, -tentum to hold/ keep back, not let go, hold fast
    solvo, -ere, solvi, solutum to free, set free, release
    sopor, -oris, m. sleep; drowsiness
    defero, -ferre, -tuli, -latum to bear or bring away; impeach, accuse 3.621–33 is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

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