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Humanities LibreTexts

13.4: APA Signal Phrases

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  • Keep things interesting for your readers by switching up the language and placement of your signal phrases.


    In the words of Peterson (2012), “…”

    As Johnson and Allen (2006) have noted, “…”

    Einstein and Yvanovich (1956), researchers in physics, pointed out that, “…”

    “…,” claimed Carter (1998).

    “…,” wrote Dietrich (2002), “…”

    Linguists McAllen et al. (2015) have compiled an impressive amount of data for this argument: “…”

    Harrison (2007) answered these criticisms with the following rebuttal: “…”


    Admitted Contended Reasoned
    Agreed Declared Refuted
    Argued Denied Rejected
    Asserted Emphasized Reported
    Believed Insisted Responded
    Claimed Noted Suggested
    Compared Observed Thought
    Confirmed Pointed out Wrote
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