2.11: Verbos regulares "-ar"

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Regular "-ar" verbs

Verbs are words that show action or a state of being. In Spanish, the basic form of a verb, or "the infinitive form", has three endings which are "-ar", "-er", and "-ir". In the chart below, the infinitive endings are indicated in blue.

Infinitive form

bailar

comer

escribir

To make a sentence, a verb must be paired with a subject pronoun. In the chart below, all subject pronouns are in blue.

Singular Plural

yo

tú

usted, él/ella

nosotros/nosotras

vosotros/vosotras

ustedes, ellos/ellas

When a verb is paired with a subject pronoun or noun, the infinitive ending changes. This is called "conjugating the verb". In the example below, the infinitive ending and the new ending are in blue.

Example

bailar

Yo bailo

To conjugate a regular "-ar" ending verb in the present tense, first remove the "-ar" ending.

After removal of "-ar"

Yo bail-

Then, replace the "-ar" ending with the following conjugated endings for regular "-ar" verbs. All endings are labeled in blue, as well as the subject they are conjugated to.

Subject Pronoun (Singular) Conjugation of -ar (bailar) Subject Pronoun (Plural)

Conjugation of -ar (bailar)

Examples:
Yo bailo nosotros, nosotras bailamos Yo bailo bien.
tú bailas vosotros, vosotras bailáis Beatriz estudia mucho.
usted, él, ella baila ustedes, ellos, ellas bailan Ellos no trabajan los lunes.

In Spanish, the present tense is used to talk about three present tense meanings in English:

English   Spanish

1. Carlos listens to music.

2. Carlos is listening to music.

3. Carlos does listen to music.

Carlos escucha música.

When two verbs are used together in a sentence with no change of subject pronoun or noun, the second verb is not conjugated (infinitive). In a negative sentence, place the "no" before the conjugated verb. The subject pronoun and their corresponding endings are labeled in blue.

Examples

Yo necesito practicar el español.

Yo no dibujo mucho.

Common regular "-ar" verbs

List of common "-ar" verbs: continued:
bailar - to dance estudiar - to study
buscar - to look (for) (as in "searching" for something/someone) explicar - to explain
caminar - to walk hablar - to talk; to speak
cantar - to sing llegar - to arrive
cenar - to have/eat dinner; (Spanish does not use "have/eat" dinner) llevar - to carry; to take something to a place
comprar - to buy mirar - to look (at); to watch
contestar - to answer necesitar - to need
conversar - to converse; to chat practicar - to practice
desayunar - to have/eat breakfast (Spanish does not use "have/eat" breakfast) preguntar - to ask (a question; an explanation of something)
descansar - to rest preparar - to prepare
desear - to desire; to wish regresar - to return (to a location)
dibujar - to draw terminar - to end; to finish
enseñar - to teach tomar - to take; to drink
escuchar - to listen (to) trabajar - to work
esperar - to wait (for); to hope viajar - to travel

¡Ojo! In Spanish, the verbs "buscar, escuchar, esperar", and "mirar" do not require the additional prepositions "at", "for" or "to" like English does, as they are already part of the verb.

Ejemplos:

-Yo busco unos libros en la biblioteca.                                    -Nosotros esperamos el autobús de la escuela.

I look for some books at the library.                                     We wait for the school bus.

-Los chicos escuchan la música de Juanes.                            -Sebastián mira los videos de la gramática para su clase de español.

The boys listen to Juanes' music.                                          Sebastián watches the grammar videos for his Spanish class.