# 13.7: Subjuntivo

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## Formas del presente simple

Práctica 51 (§51)

1) Juan wants you to work. 2) They desire for us to play. 3) They doubt I understand. 4) You want me to pay the bill. 5) They expect you to leave (or go away). 6) I recommend that you go to sleep. 7) We want you to think about that. 8) Hopefully Eva will come. 9) They doubt you hear a thing. 10) I hope everything turns out well. 11) We doubt she knows. 12) They want you to be the boss. 13) I doubt they're telling the truth. 14) It's rare that we complain. 15) They want Juan to come back. 16) I hope you be careful. 17) I doubt there is water. 18) They want him to shut his mouth.

## En cláusulas nominales

### Razones de su uso

Práctica 54A (§54)

1) Hopefully they'll do ok. 2) It's false that there are Martians. 3) They suggest that we communicate more often. 4) Perhaps we'll arrive on time. 5) I'm glad you like my house! 6) They're asking for the law to be changed. 7) Your being here seems strange to us.

### Duda y negación

Práctica 54B (§54)

1) There's a lot to do. It's not true that there's so much to do. 2) You say the conference topics are awful. I don't say they're awful, they just don't interest me. 3) Sandra says she's calm. Well, I doubt's she's calm; I saw her pretty worried last night. 4) It's going to rain tomorrow. It's unlikely it will rain tomorrow because we're in the dry season. 5) Juan and I are going to get together soon. I very much doubt you guys get together soon, because he's living far away. 6) Are you staying home? I don't think I will stay home. I think I'm going out. 7) I know life is interesting. It's not that life is interesting in itself, but you make it that way. 8) They say they're sleepy. It's impossible for them to be sleepy. They slept until half an hour ago.

### Influencia y emoción

Práctica 54C (§54)

1) There's a lot to do. Does it bother you that there's so much to do? 2) I don't know if I'll succeed. I truly hope you succeed. You deserve it. 3) We want to rebel. It's understandable that you want to rebel: the situation is unfair. 4) I'm in love with you. It seems strange that you're in love with me. I'm not that special. 5) He doesn't remember anything. Well, it's better he doesn't remember, that way he doesn't worry. 6) They're going to have to leave the country. It's a pity they have to leave. They seem happy here. 7) The birds are migrating earlier than normal. It's interesting they're migrating so soon. 8) I'm going out with Miguel. I don't recommend you to go out with him. He already has a partner.

Práctica 55 (§55)

1) I succeed thanks to the people who support me. 2) I'm going to succeed if I find people to support me. 3) We need employees who know the technology. 4) We have employees who know the technology. 5) Try to find a person who may help you. 6) I know a person who can help you. 7) Is there a restaurant that serves Hispanic food? 8) We want a restaurant that serves Hispanic food. 9) I want the house that has an ocean view. 10) We live in a house which has an ocean view.

## Imperfecto del subjuntivo

### Usos

Práctica 56A (§56)

1) I wish we could fly. 2) I was looking for someone who would speak English. 3) They suggested that we communicated more often. 4) It would be natural for them to be glad. 5) I loved the fact that the movie had an end like that! 6) I didn't say it was easy. 7) You didn't believe they would know the answer.

### Contraste con el indicativo

Práctica 56B (§56)

1) There was no one who spoke French. 2) I preferred the house where you lived before. 3) It would be wonderful that you/they visited us. 4) I wish you were twenty years younger. 5) The doctor recommended me to exercise more (often). 6) It was proved that it wasn't true that coffee would cause cancer. 7) Did your partner know you wanted to study Spanish? 8) We wanted the professor to explain that topic better. 9) It was obvious that Senator Velez was lying.

### Conectores

Práctica 58A (§58)

### Presente vs. imperfecto

Práctica 58B (§58)

1) Are we going through the tunnel or over the mountain? We'll know when the guide tell us. 2) We're meeting in my house or yours? Wherever you prefer. 3) What did she work so hard for? So that her children could study. 4) How do I prepare the dessert? In any way it seems best to you. 5) Did you use to talk on the house phone or the mobile? Both ways, as it was convenient. 6) Why didn't you say goodbye to them? It's just that they left without my noticing. 7) Should we wait for Juan or leave without him? As you guys may want. 8) Why is the soup cold? Because I served it much earlier than you arrived. 9) Why didn't you eat at home? Because I didn't want to wait until the meal was ready. 10) Please call me on Monday even if it's late (even though it may be late).

### Presente vs. infinitivo

Práctica 58C (§58)

1) We're going to meet in order to plan a surprise party for María. 2) It's going to be at Pedro's house, provided that his parents give us permission. 3) We want to plan the party without her knowing it. 4) We're going to prepare everything before the guests arrive. 5) But we're not going to have anything ready unless we go shopping soon. 6) We should take the credit card in case we need it. 7) I think María is going to get very surprised when she sees the party we prepared. 8) Pedro is going to call us when she leaves the office. 9) That way we'll be able to be ready without having to worry about the timing.

### Imperfecto vs. indicativo

Práctica 58D (§58)

1) Jorge and Gloria were planning to go to the movies after being done with studying. 2) Luis, her boyfriend, was spying them through the window while they studied. 3) He wanted to surprise them as soon as they left the house. 4) In fact, he felt jealous whenever he saw them together. 5) Upon their leaving, Luis tried to follow them until they arrived at the theater. 6) But he lost them after they passed through the highway. 7) So he entered the theater without their realizing anything. 8) But the theater was full and he didn't see them until the movie was over. 9) When they ran into each other, they laughed and decided to look for a place where the three of them would be able to eat something.

## Tiempos compuestos

### Pretérito perfecto

Práctica 63A (§63)