# 8.10: El superlativo

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Superlatives communicate that someone or something is an extreme within a group, meaning the most ________ or the least ________, or the ________est.

Examples in English include:

Johnny is the fastest runner in his grade.

Laura is the smartest person I know.

Washington is the most beautiful state in the union.

Adele is the best singer in the world.

This soup is the worst.

“Research Methods” is my least interesting class.

To create a superlative in Spanish, follow this formula:

As an example, we will say that Marta is the smartest (student) (in the class).

 Paso 1 Subject and Verb Marta es Paso 2 Definite article: el la/ los/ las la Paso 3 The noun (optional) (estudiante) Paso 4 más – o – menos más Paso 5 Adjective inteligente Paso 6 de grupo (optional) (de la clase)

If the details are already clear by context, I can just say:

“Marta es la más inteligente.” (Marta is the smartest.)

If I want to be more clear, I can include the optional details:

“Marta es la estudiante más inteligente de la clase.” (Marta is the smartest student in the class.)

The irregulars are the same as we saw with the comparisons of inequality:

El/la/los/las mayor(es) = the oldest

El/la/los/las menor(es) = the youngest

El/la/los/las mejor(es) = the best

El/la/los/las peor(es) = the worst

¿Qué significa? Give the English equivalents of these sentences that use superlatives.

1. Julieta es la persona más trabajadora del equipo de marketing.

________

2. Mi tío es la persona más sincera de nuestra familia.

________

3. Las pizzas de Pizza Rita son las mejores de mi ciudad.

________

4. Los libros de texto para las clases de ciencias son los más caros de todos mis libros para mis clases.

________

¿Qué opinas de Hollywood? Use superlatives to answer the following questions about Hollywood. Video

1. ¿Quién es el actor/la actriz más atractiv@?

2. ¿Quién es el actor más talentoso?

3. ¿Quién es la actriz más talentosa?

4. ¿Cuál es la mejor película del año?

5. ¿Cuál es la peor película que has visto (you’ve seen) en tu vida?

Preguntas personales. Answer the following personal questions using superlatives.

1. ¿Quién es la persona más trabajadora de tu familia?

2. ¿Quién es tu amigo más sociable?

3. ¿Quién es tu amigo menos sociable?

4. ¿Quién es tu amigo más estudioso?

5. ¿Cuál es tu clase más difícil? ¿Y la más fácil?

6. ¿Cuál es el mejor equipo de beisbol de toda la historia?

Una síntesis. You will be provided with a noun, an adjective and several photos. You will then use two superlatives to designate one photo as the least ________ and another photo as the most ________. If time allows, use other descriptive words to make additional comparisons.

Modelo: La pintura / creativa

1. La flor / bonita

2. El animal / feroz

Another kind of superlative is to say that something is extremely ________, which we accomplish by using the “ísimo/a/os/as” suffix with an adjective in Spanish.

Vowels:

For an adjective that ends in a vowel, remove the vowel and add ísimo/a/os/as (the ending must agree in gender and number with the noun it modifies).

Alto….….….altísimo/a/os/as

Inteligente….inteligentísimo/a/os/as

Consonants:

For an adjective that ends in a consonant, add ísimo/a/os/as (the ending must agree in gender and number with the noun it modifies).

Popular…...Popularísimo/a/os/as

The letter C:

If you remove the last vowel and the last letter is c, change it to qu to preserve the “kuh” sound.

Flaco….…..Flaquísimo/a/os/as

Blanco.…...Blanquísimo/a/os/as

Rico….…...Riquísimo/a/os/as

The letter G:

If you remove the last vowel and the last letter is g, change it to gu to preserve the “guh” sound.

Largo….….Larguísimo/a/os/as

The letter Z:

For an adjective that ends in the letter Z, change the z to a c and add ísimo/a/os/as (the ending must agree in gender and number with the noun it modifies).

Feliz…..…. Felicísimo/a/os/as

Feroz….…..Ferocísimo/a/os/as

The letter N:

For an adjective that ends in the letter N, add the letter c and add ísimo/a/os/as (the ending must agree in gender and number with the noun it modifies).

Joven….…..Jovencísimo/a/os/as

Words with accents:

The accent is on the í in ísimo now. Words never have more than one accent.

Fácil….…..Facilísimo/a/os/as

Hábil……...Habilísimo/a/os/as

La concordancia. Fill in the blanks using ísimo superlatives to complete the sentences below, making sure that they match the noun they modify in gender and number. The unmodified adjectives are provided in the word bank below.

Banco de palabras: caro rico generoso cómico azul guapo caliente

1. Mi tío me ayuda con las cuentas (bills). Él no es rico, sino ________.

2. Alma es mi amiga. Siempre me hace reír (to laugh). Ella es ________.

3. Este carro es un Porsche. Es ________.

4. Tus ojos son como el mar. Son ________.

5. ¡Cuidado! El plato está ________.

6. Gracias por invitarme a cenar. La comida está ________.

7. Mi novio es muy atractivo. Es ________.

¡Súper! In some communities, “súper” is often used in front of an adjective to serve the same purpose of adding emphasis. Convert the adjectives that are paired with “súper” into superlatives using the ísimo suffix. Then give the English equivalent.

1. Súper fácil = ________ En inglés, significa: ________

2. Súper interesante = ________ En inglés, significa: ________

3. Súper aburrido = ________ En inglés, significa: ________

4. Súper barato = ________ En inglés, significa: ________

5. Súper bajo = ________ En inglés, significa: ________

6. Súper pesado = ________ En inglés, significa: ________

7. Súper delicioso = ________ En inglés, significa: ________

This page titled 8.10: El superlativo is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Ana Gómez de Torres and Claudia Díaz via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform.