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4.16: Gramática- Verbos con cambio de raíz (o-ue)

  • Page ID
    217091
    • Erica Brown, Alejandra Escudero, María Cristina Montoya, & Elizabeth Small
    • SUNY Oneonta via OER SUNY

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    Objetivos

    • Recognize the correct conjugations of o-ue stem-changing verbs

    Remember that infinitives, the dictionary form of verbs, end in -ar, -er, or -ir in Spanish; the part of the verb that remains when you remove the infinitive ending is called the verb’s stem. There are three categories of stem-changing verbs, which all follow a similar pattern of changing the last vowel of their stem in the conjugated forms where that vowel is stressed. The verb endings are the same ones that we’ve learned already, according to whether it’s an -ar, -er or -ir verb.

    Notice that the stem vowel in the infinitive changes in all three singular forms, as well as the third-person plural, but not in the first- or second-person plural. That is to say that when the verb’s subject is yo, tú, él, ella, usted, ellos, ellas, or ustedes, then the stem vowel will change. But the stem vowel in the nosotros, nosotras, vosotros and vosotras forms is the same as the infinitive.

    We’ll start with the verbs that change from o to ue. Here’s an example of an o-ue verb, followed by a list of verbs that are conjugated with this pattern:

     

    Dormir (to sleep)
      Singular Plural
    1a duermo dormimos
    2a duermes dormís
    3a duerme duermen

    Verbos con cambio de raíz (stem-changing verbs) o – ue

    • Almorzar (to eat lunch)
    • Costar (to cost)
    • Devolver (to return a thing, to give back)
    • Encontrar (to find)
    • Jugar (to play) (u-ue: juego, juegas, juega, jugamos, jugáis, juegan)
    • Poder (to be able)
    • Recordar (to remember)
    • Volver (to return, to come back)

    Some examples of stem-changing vowels used in complete sentences:

    • ¿Puedes hablar español? (Can you speak Spanish?)
    • Sí, puedo hablar un poco. (Yes, I can speak a little.)
    • ¿A qué hora vuelven ustedes a casa? (What time do you -plural- return home?)
    • Volvemos a casa a las cinco y media de la tarde. (We return home at 5:30 pm.)

    Objetivos

    • Recognize the correct conjugations of o-ue stem-changing verbs
    • Understand spoken statements using o-ue stem-changing verbs

    A. Practice level 1 Verbos con cambio de raíz (o-ue)

    Actividad \(\PageIndex{A}\)

    B. Practice level 2 Verbos con cambio de raíz (o-ue)

    Actividad \(\PageIndex{B}\)

    C. Listening Escuchar: Verbos con cambio de raíz (o-ue)

    Actividad \(\PageIndex{C}\)


    Text only

    A. Verbos con cambio de raíz (o-ue)

    1. Jugar – Él _____
      • jugamos
      • jugáis
      • juega
      • juegas
    2. Dormir – Ellos _____
      • duerme
      • dormís
      • duermen
      • dormimos
    3. Devolver – Yo _____
      • devuelven
      • devolvemos
      • devolvéis
      • devuelvo
    4. Recordar – Tú _____
      • recuerdas
      • recuerdo
      • recordáis
      • recordamos
    5. Volver – Él _____
      • volvemos
      • vuelvo
      • volvéis
      • vuelve
    6. Encontrar – Yo _____
      • encuentra
      • encontráis
      • encuentro
      • encontramos
    7. Costar – Ésto _____
      • cuestas
      • cuesto
      • costamos
      • cuesta
    8. Poder – Nosotros _____
      • podemos
      • pueden
      • puede
      • puedo

     

    B. Verbos con cambio de raíz (o-ue)

    1. Lorena y Margarita ____________ (encontrar) el perro perdido (lost).
    2. Las muchachas ____________ (poder) cantar muy bien.
    3. Yo ____________ (volver) muy tarde (late) a casa los lunes.
    4. Nosotros ____________ (jugar) videojuegos todos los días.
    5. Normalmente yo ____________ (almorzar) al mediodía en un restaurante barato. (cheap)
    6. Tú ____________ hablar muchos idiomas.
    7. Kira ____________ (volver) a su casa muy tarde.
    8. Ellos ____________ (recordar) un evento importante.

     

    C. Verbos con cambio de raíz (o-ue)

    1. What is the infinitive of the verb that you hear?      

      • costar

      • dormir

      • devolver

      • poder

    2. What is the infinitive of the verb that you hear?

      • volver

      • jugar

      • almorzar

      • devolver

    3. What is the infinitive of the verb that you hear?

      • devolver

      • encontrar

      • almorzar

      • recordar

    4. What is the infinitive of the verb that you hear?

      • poder

      • devolver

      • recordar

      • dormir

    5. What is the infinitive of the verb that you hear?

      • devolver

      • volver

      • dormir

      • poder

    6. What is the infinitive of the verb that you hear?

      • recordar

      • almorzar

      • devolver

      • poder

    7. What is the infinitive of the verb that you hear?

      • encontrar

      • volver

      • costar

      • recordar

    Contributors and Attributions

    • Gramática: Verbos con cambio de raíz (o-ue). Authored by: SUNY Oneonta with Lumen Learning. Provided by: SUNY Oneonta. License: CC BY: Attribution
    • Ejercicios: Verbos con cambio de rau00edz (o-ue). Authored by: SUNY Oneonta with Lumen Learning. License: CC BY: Attribution
    • Ejercicios: C. Verbos con cambio de rau00edz (o-ue). Authored by: Deborah M. Edson. Provided by: Tidewater Community College. License: CC BY: Attribution
    • Ejercicios: Verbos con cambio de rau00edz (o-ue). Authored by: Freedom Learning Group with Lumen Learning. License: CC BY: Attribution

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