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1.27: Video- Los saludos de los países latinos

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    Spanish speaking countries and their greetings

    There are twenty countries that have Spanish as their official language. There are nineteen Spanish speaking countries in Latin America and one in Europe (Spain). In addition to the countries that have Spanish as their official language, in the United States more than 40,000,000 people speak Spanish.

    Spanish speaking countries and their nationalities

    Here is the list of the twenty Spanish speaking countries and the nationality of their people. Note that nationalities in Spanish do not require a capital letter at the beginning. Moreover, most nationalities have a masculine and feminine version.

    Countries and Nationalities
    País (country) Nacionalidad (versión masculina) Nacionalidad (versión femenina)
    Argentina argentino argentina
    Bolivia boliviano boliviana
    Chile chileno chilena
    Colombia colombiano colombiana
    Costa Rica costarricense costarricense
    Cuba cubano cubana
    Ecuador ecuatoriano ecuatoriana
    El Salvador salvadoreño salvadoreña
    España español española
    Guatemala guatemalteco guatemalteca
    Honduras hondureño hondureña
    México mexicano mexicana
    Nicaragua nicaragüense nicaragüense
    Paraguay paraguayo paraguaya
    Panamá panameño panameña
    Perú peruano peruana
    Puerto Rico puertorriqueño puertorriqueña
    República Dominicana dominicano dominicana
    Uruguay uruguayo uruguaya
    Venezuela venezolano venezolana


    As you complete the activities below, copy and paste the following special characters as needed: á, é, í, ó, ú, ñ, ¿, ¡

    El saludo de cada país latino

    There are twenty Spanish speaking countries. Although all of them speak Spanish, they have different ways to greet their friends. Watch the video below to learn how friends greet each other in different Spanish speaking countries. Have you heard any of these greetings? Do you know any one who uses any of the greetings mentioned in the video? (Video Transcript)

    Figure \(\PageIndex{1.7.2}\): El saludo de cada país latino. (Criticalandia via YouTube)

    Now, complete the activities below based on the information in the video.


    Complete the sentences by choosing the greeting (saludo) for each of the nationalities.

    Mark each sentence as "Cierto" (True) or "Falso" (False).