Skip to main content
Humanities LibreTexts

10.3: Audio Connectors

  • Page ID
    124347
  • \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    ( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\)

    \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\)

    \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorA}[1]{\vec{#1}}      % arrow\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorAt}[1]{\vec{\text{#1}}}      % arrow\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorB}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorC}[1]{\textbf{#1}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorD}[1]{\overrightarrow{#1}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorDt}[1]{\overrightarrow{\text{#1}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectE}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash{\mathbf {#1}}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)

    Hooking Up Mics

    To use microphones, you have to be able to hook up the correct wires and connectors. We will go over some of the most common connectors for audio in video here.

    XLR

    A wire with three prongs in a cylindrical metal end and another cylindrical metal end with three prong holes.
    Figure \(\PageIndex{1}\): XLR cable and connectors.

    (CC BY 2.0; wuestenigel via flickr)

    An XLR is a circular connector with three metal prongs inside (See figure 10.3.1). These are the most common connectors for microphones. Many professional cameras will have XLR hookups into the camera. If your camera does not come with any XLR hookups like for many DSLR and Mirrorless cameras, you can record sound on an audio recorder that does have XLR hookups or use an XLR to mini adapter (See figure 10.3.2).

    A handheld microphone with an XLR to Phone plug wire attached with a phone to mini plug adapter.
    Figure \(\PageIndex{2}\): XLR to 1/4" Plug with 1/8" plug adapter.

    (CC BY-NC 2.0; Derek K. Miller via flickr)

    Phone Plug/Quarter Inch Plug

    A wire with cylindrical black end with a metal cylinder coming out of it that has a bulb head.
    Figure \(\PageIndex{3}\): Phone plug connector.

    (CC BY-SA 3.0,; Kreuzschnabel via Wikimedia Commons)

    A quarter-inch or phone plug is the common connector for high-end headphones (See figure 10.3.3). They can also be used when plugging instruments or microphones into amplifiers.

    Mini Plug/Eighth-inch/3.5mm

    Wire with a smaller cylindrical end than a Phone Plug with a smaller metal cylinder coming out.
    Figure \(\PageIndex{4}\): Mini plug wire and connector.

    (CC BY 2.0; wuestenigel via flickr)

    The eighth-inch (or mini plug or 3.5mm) plug is the most common connector for consumer-grade headphones (See figure 10.3.4). Many video cameras will allow you to connect headphones using a mini plug to monitor the sound being recorded.

    HDMI

    Three wires with rectangular ends with small metal upside down isosceles trapezoids jutting out with pins inside.
    Figure \(\PageIndex{5}\): HDMI connectors in Standard, Mini, and Micro sizes.

    (CC BY-SA 3.0; Jan deno via Wikimedia Commons)

    HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface) connectors look like upside-down isosceles trapezoids and come in standard, mini, and micro sizes (See figure 10.3.5). HDMI connectors are used to carry signals to displays. You can use an HDMI on many cameras to view the recordings on a television or monitor. It is one cable that carries both the audio and video signal from the camera or computer to a display.

    RCA

    Three cylindrical wire ends with smaller metal cylinders coming out with one metal prong in the middle.
    Figure \(\PageIndex{6}\): RCA wire and connectors in red, yellow, and white.

    (CC BY-SA 4.0; Dmitry Makeev via Wikimedia Commons)

    Although these connectors are less prevalent with the wide use of HDMI, you still may run into them with older technology. They have one single prong with a metal casing around it. They usually come paired with one yellow plug for video and two red and white plugs for left and right audio (See figure 10.3.6).


    This page titled 10.3: Audio Connectors is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Christopher Clemens (ASCCC Open Educational Resources Initiative (OERI)) .

    • Was this article helpful?