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5.4: Review and Discussion Questions

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    1. Explain Locke’s distinction between primary and secondary qualities.

    2. While Locke thinks that having any thoughts depends on sense experience, he doesn’t think sense experience is the only source of our ideas. Explain.

    3. Explain Berkeley’s Idealism.

    4. How is Berkeley’s Idealism a response to Locke’s epistemology?

    5. Explain Hume’s view of the contents of the mind.

    6. What are ideas and impressions? How does Hume distinguish these?

    7. How does the imagination form new ideas, according to Hume?

    8. How is Hume’s Empiricism grounded in his philosophy of the mind?

    9. Explain Hume’s skepticism about morality. How does he argue for this view?

    10. How does Hume analyze our notion of the cause-effect relation? Explain Hume’s skepticism about causation.

    11. Why does Hume deny that we can have knowledge of an external world?

    12. Why is Hume skeptical about the rationality of inductive argument?

    13. Why does Hume doubt we could ever have reason to believe in miracles?

    14. What is the Design Argument for the existence of God?

    15. Explain Hume’s objections to the Design Argument.

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