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Humanities LibreTexts

3.6: Review and Discussion Questions

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    1. Explain Protagoras’ epistemic relativism.
    2. How does Socrates oppose epistemic relativism?
    3. What is the Socratic Method?
    4. How does Socrates respond to Euthyphro’s suggestion that the pious is what is loved by all the gods? How does his response point us towards a critique of Divine Command Theory? What is the problem with the view that what is pious is pious because it is loved by the gods?
    5. What are Plato’s forms? Why does Plato take the forms to be the most real sorts of entities?
    6. What is temperance and why is it a virtue in Plato’s view?
    7. How is Plato’s vision of justice non-egalitarian and anti-democratic?
    8. How do Plato and Aristotle’s views on form differ?
    9. What is the difference between essence and accident?
    10. What does it mean to say that Aristotle held a teleological view of the world?
    11. Explain Aristotle’s four causes as principles of explanation.
    12. What is the role of Aristotle’s philosophy and science in leading to the scientific revolution?
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