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4.3: Milestones in Music

  • Page ID
  • Founding of Schola Cantorum by Pope Gregory in Rome, 600 AD.

    Experiments in notation of pitch; first use of neumes, ca. 650.

    Musica enchiriadis, treatise describing early polyphony (organum), ca. 870.

    Emergence of staff notation as preferred system, ca. 900.

    Organ with 400 pipes at Winchester Cathedral, ca. 980.

    Advances in notation of rhythm, 13th century.

    Earliest preserved examples of composed music of two or more independent melodies ca. 850–900.

    Earliest theories of consonance and dissonance, 12th century.

    Treatises describing advances in notation of rhythm ca. 1280 and ca. 1320.

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