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    1. Tim Jensen, in Boogeyman, film, dir. Stephen Kay, 2005. Screenplay by Eric Kripke

    2. Charles O’Conor to George Faulkner, 1767, quoted in Love, ‘Charles O’Conor of Belanagare’, 3.

    3. Leland, ‘On the Anniversary of the Irish Rebellion’, Sermons, Vol. 3, p. 5.

    4. Burke’s involvement in convincing Leland is admitted when he wrote to Bishop Markham in 1771: ‘I really thought our history of Ireland so terribly defective, that I did, and with success, urge a very learned and ingenious friend of yours and mine, in the University of Dublin, to undertake it.’ Quoted in Love, ‘Charles O’Conor’, 2.

    5. Horace Walpole, letter to William Cole, 9 March 1765. Horace Walpole’s Correspondence, Vol. 1, p. 88.

    6. See, for example, Watt, ‘Time and the Family’; Ellis, History of Gothic Fiction, 27–37.

    7. Clery, Rise of Supernatural Fiction, 60–7.

    8. Ibid., 60.

    9. [Ralph Griffiths], ‘Review of Longsword’, 236.

    10. Anonymous, ‘Review of Longsword’, 252.

    11. Price, ‘Ancient Liberties?’ 23.

    12. [Thomas Leland], Longsword, Vol. 2, pp. 78–9. Subsequent page numbers will be placed in parenthesis in the main text. A valuable new edition of the text has recently been published by the Swan River Press, in July 2012, edited and introduced by Albert Power, but I will continue to quote from the Garland edition as it is an exact reproduction of the first London edition of 1762.

    13. Wein, British Identities, 5.

    14. Price, ‘Ancient Liberties?’ 25.

    15. Loeber and Loeber, Guide, 749; idem., ‘Publication of Irish Novels and Novelettes’; Killeen, Gothic Ireland, 181; Morin, ‘Forgotten Fiction’, 80–1.

    16. Punter, Literature of Terror, Vol. 1, p. 51.

    17. Reeve, Old English Baron, 2.

    18. Longueil, ‘The Word “Gothic”’, 459.

    19. Reeve, Progress of Romance, Vol. 2, pp. 31–2.

    20. See Pocock, Ancient Constitution, 46; Smith, Gothic Bequest, 71–96.

    21. Miles, ‘The 1790s’, 48.

    22. Blackstone, Commentaries, Vol. 3, pp. 17, 267–8.

    23. Molyneux, Case of Ireland, 34.

    24. Lucas, Great Charter, iii. For Lucas, see Hill, From Patriots to Unionists, 83–91; Murphy, ‘Charles Lucas’, 93–111.

    25. Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France, 117, 118.

    26. Ibid., 121.

    27. Price, ‘Horace Walpole, Leland and Clara Reeve’.

    28. Ibid.

    29. Leland, History of Ireland, Vol. 1, p. vi.

    30. Ibid., xxx. 202 The Emergence of Irish Gothic Fiction

    31. Ibid., xxxv.

    32. Milbank, ‘Gothic Satires’.

    33. Liechty, ‘Testing the Depth’, 14.

    34. Foucault, Order of Things, xxiv.

    35. Pratt, Imperial Eyes, 8.

    36. Fiedler, Love and Death, 138; Baldick, ‘Introduction’, 14.

    37. Baldick and Mighall, ‘Gothic Criticism’, 213, 214, 215, 226.

    38. Jackson, Fantasy, 3–4, 61–91.

    39. Hofstadter, Paranoid Style in American Politics, 21.

    40. Said, Orientalism, 103.

    41. Of course, to some of us, Edward Cullen remains an unsympathetic character, but that must be because we are monsters ourselves.

    42. Carter, Dracula, 28.

    43. Senf, ‘Dracula’, 150. Some critics do not approve of this shift towards the sympathetic monster. Jules Zanger has decried the transformation of the vampire from a terrifying representation of metaphysical otherness to a bathetic example of social and sexual deviance for whom we can feel pity and also love. As he puts it: ‘this new, demystified vampire might as well be our next door neighbour’. ‘Metaphor’, 17, 18, 19, 22.

    44. Wood, ‘American Nightmare’, 71.

    45. Ibid., 75.

    46. Of course, the term ‘progressive’ rather gives the game away on Wood’s behalf.

    47. It would be much more clinically accurate to describe this character as an ephebophile, but this term has no resonance in popular culture, where the term ‘paedophile’ subsumes so many other clinical types. Indeed, ‘paedophile’ is no longer a description of a particular psychological disorder but rather a description of a horrific mutant stalking society. See Kincaid, Erotic Innocence; Jenkins, Moral Panic; Levine, Harmful to Minors.

    48. Anonymous, ‘Review of Curry’s Historical Memoirs’, 139.

    49. Harris, Fiction Unmask’d, 16.

    50. Delury, ‘Ex Conflictu Et Collisione’, 12.

    51. Lloyd, Irish Times, 76.

    52. Ibid., 78.

    53. Bartlett, Fall and Rise, 78.

    54. O’Donnell, ‘Burke’, 75.

    55. Quoted in O’Donnell, ‘Burke’, 76.

    56. Morin, ‘Forgotten Fiction’, 86.

    57. Jameson, Political Unconscious, 86

    58. Quoted in Liechty, ‘Testing the Depth’, 21.

    59. Hume, The History of England. Vol. 1. Containing, 459.

    60. Quoted in Love, ‘Charles O’Conor’, 23.

    61. Leersen, Mere Irish and Fíor-Ghael, 336.

    62. Liechty, ‘Testing the Depth’, passim.

    63. O’Halloran, Golden Ages, 149.

    64. Quoted in Love, ‘Charles O’Conor’, 11.

    65. Liechty, ‘Testing the Depth’, 24.

    66. Bradshaw, ‘Nationalism and Historical Scholarship’, 203

    67. Bartlett, Fall and Rise, 68–71.

    68. Leland, History of Ireland, Vol. 3, p. 86. All quotations will be taken from this edition and placed in parenthesis in the main text.

    69. Quoted in Love, ‘Charles O’Conor’, 15.

    70. Gadamer, Truth and Method, 302.

    71. Liechty, ‘Testing the Depth’, 24.


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