1. “The doubt of future foes” takes as its subject a woman, Mary Queen of Scots, the “daughter of debate.” Does this poem attribute any womanly qualities to its subject? Why, or why not?
2. Many Elizabethan love poems lament and deplore the beloved who is often portrayed as deceptive and untrustworthy. How does “On Monsieur’s Departure” both repeat and reevaluate this depiction of a beloved woman? How does this depiction compare with that of Wyatt’s?
3. In the Elizabethan era, women were considered weak and passive. To what degree, if any, does “On Monsieur’s Departure” rely on this view, and why?
4. What virtues, if any, does Elizabeth attribute to herself in her “Golden Speech” (given to members of Parliament after she revoked patents that gave disproportionate wealth to their holders)? What societal values, if any, does she claim to uphold, and why?
5. What heroic qualities, if any, does Elizabeth attribute to herself in her poems, in her “Golden Speech,” and why?