After reading this chapter, students will be able to
- Identify historical characteristics of the Revolutionary or Early National period in America.
- Place the French and Indian War within its larger social, cultural, and historical context, in both North America and Europe.
- Understand the diverse and numerous circumstances contributing to the Revolutionary War, starting with the Battles of Lexington and Concord (1775).
- Understand the purpose and effect of the Second Continental Congress and its Articles of Confederation.
- Understand the purposes and effects of the Constitutional Convention (1787).
- Identify the political viewpoints of the Federalists and the Anti-federalists and their respective contributions to the development of the United States federal government.
- Understand the influence of the Enlightenment on eighteenth century American culture, particularly with the shift from Puritan theology to science, philosophy, and the empirical method.
- Understand the relationship of eighteenth century American literature with the goal of human perfectibility.
- Understand the inconsistent application of Enlightenment values of individual will, equality, and freedom among African slaves, Native Americans, and women.
- Understand how the Enlightenment encouraged alternative religions and philosophies, such as Deism and Unitarianism, as well as a resurgence of Calvinism in the Great Awakening and evangelizing.
- 3.13: Phillis Wheatley
- 3.13.1: “On Being Brought from Africa to America”
- 3.13.2: “To the Right Honorable William, Earl of Dartmouth”
- 3.13.3: “On the Death of Rev. Mr. George Whitefield. 1770”
- 3.13.4: “To S. M., a Young African Painter, on Seeing his Works”
- 3.13.5: “Letter to Rev. Samson Occom”
- 3.13.6: Reading and Review Questions