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22: Full vocabulary for Ovid’s Amores, Book 1

  • Page ID
    80927
  • The frequency of each word in the Amores, Book 1 appears in parentheses.

    — A —

    ā ab abs: from, by (+abl.) (16)

    abdō -dere -didī -ditum: put away, withdraw; conceal, cover (1)

    abdūcō -dūcere -duxī -ductum: lead away, carry off (1)

    abeō -īre -iī -itum: go away (4)

    abiciō abicere abiēcī abiectum: throw down (1)

    abrumpō -rumpere -rūpī -ruptum: break off, sever (1)

    absum abesse āfuī: be away, absent (4)

    absūmō -sūmere -sumpsī -sumptum: take away; use up, consume, waste (2)

    accendō -cendere -cendī -censum: kindle, set afire; make hotter, intensify, aggravate (2)

    accipiō -cipere -cēpī -ceptum: receive (4)

    Accius -iī m.: Accius (1)

    accumbō -cumbere -cubuī -cubitum: lie down; recline at dinner (1)

    ācer ācris ācre: sharp, piercing (1)

    acer -cris n.: maple tree (1)

    acervus -ī m.: heap, pile (1)

    Achillēs -is m.: Achilles (1)

    acus -ūs m.: hairpin (3)

    acūtus -a -um: sharp, piercing (1)

    ad: to, up to, towards (+acc.) (18)

    adaperiō -aperīre -aperuī -apertum: open fully (1)

    addō -dere -didī -ditum: give to (3)

    adedō -edere -ēdī -ēsum: consume (1)

    adeō -īre -iī -itum: go to (1)

    adfectō -āre: strive after, grasp at (1)

    adimō -imere -ēmī -emptum: remove (1)

    aditus -ūs m.: entrance, approach (1)

    adiungō -iungere -iunxī -iunctum: join to, connect; yoke, harness (1)

    adiuvō -iuvāre -iūvī -iūtum: help, assist (1)

    admittō -mittere -mīsī -missum: send in; let in, allow (4)

    admoveō -movēre -mōvī -mōtum: move to, apply to; (mil.) move up (into position) (1)

    adsuētus -a -um: usual, customary (1)

    adsum adesse affuī: be present (4)

    adulter -erī m.: adulterer (2)

    adveniō -īre -vēnī -ventum: come to, arrive at (1)

    adversus -um: (adv. and prep.) facing, opposite, against, opposed (to) (1)

    aedēs -is f.: building; (pl.) house (1)

    aeger aegra aegrum: sick, (adv.) with difficulty (1)

    Aenēās -ae m.: Aeneas (2)

    Aenēius -a -um: of Aeneas (1)

    aequus -a -um: equal (1)

    āēr āeris m.: air (1)

    aes aeris n.: copper, money, bronze, (military) pay, price (4)

    Aesonius -a -um: of or descended from Aeson (1)

    aestus -ūs m.: tide; heat (1)

    aetās -tātis f.: age, time of life (4)

    aevum -ī n.: eternity; lifetime, age (2)

    afferō afferre attulī allātum: bring to (1)

    ager agrī m.: field (2)

    agilis -e: light, agile (1)

    āgmen -minis n.: line of march (3)

    agō agere ēgī actum: drive, do, act (3)

    āiō: say, affirm, say yes; ut āiunt, as they say (1)

    Ājax -ācis m.: Ajax, a Greek hero (1)

    albus -a -um: white (5)

    Alcinous -ī m.: Alcinous, king of the Phaecians (1)

    āles -itis m./f.: large bird, bird of prey; rooster (2)

    aliqui -qua -quod: some, any; aliquis aliqua aliquid: someone (3)

    alter altera alterum: other of two (10)

    altus -a -um: high, lofty; deep (1)

    amātor -ōris m.: lover (5)

    ambiguus -a -um: uncertain, ambiguous (1)

    ambitiōsus -a -um: ambitious, eager (1)

    ambō -ae -ō: both (2)

    āmens, -ntis: out of one’s mind, insane; distracted, frantic (1)

    amīcus -a -um: friendly; (as subst.) friend (3)

    amnis -is m.: river, torrent (1)

    amō -āre: love; amans -ntis m./f.: lover (25)

    amor -ōris m.: love, lover (23)

    Amȳmōnē -ēs f.: Amymone, one of the fifty daughters of Danaus (1)

    an: or (in questions); utrum … an: whether … or (6)

    ancilla -ae f.: female slave (2)

    Andromachē -ēs f.: Andromache, wife of Hector (1)

    anīlis -e: old woman (1)

    animōsus -a -um: bold, spirited (1)

    animus -ī m.: spirit, mind (6)

    annus -ī m.: year (5)

    annuus -a -um: of the year, yearly (1)

    ante: before, in front of (adv. and prep. + acc.) (12)

    antequam: before (1)

    antīquus -a -um: ancient, old-time, former (2)

    ānulus -ī m.: ring (1)

    anus -ūs f.: old woman, hag; sorceress (2)

    Āonius -a -um: of Aonia, Boeotian (1)

    apertus -a -um: open, exposed; free (1)

    apis -is f.: bee (1)

    Apollō -inis m.: Apollo (2)

    appōnō -pōnere -posuī -positum: place near; appoint (2)

    aptō -āre: fit to, adapt to (1)

    aptus -a -um: fit, suitable (11)

    aqua -ae f.: water (9)

    aquila -ae f.: eagle (1)

    arānea -ae f.: spider’s web; spider (1)

    arātrum -ī n: plough (3)

    Arātus -ī m.: Aratus (1)

    arbor arboris f.: tree (2)

    arca -ae f.: chest; money box (1)

    arcānus -a -um: secret, mysterious, hidden (1)

    arcus arcūs m.: bow; arch, arc (6)

    ardeō ardēre arsī arsum: blaze, glow; be eager (1)

    arduus -a -um: towering, lofty (1)

    Argēus -a -um: Argive, of Argos (1)

    Argī -ōrum m.: Argos (a city in the Peloponnese) (1)

    arguō arguere arguī argūtum: accuse, charge; reveal, prove (1)

    ariēs -etis m.: ram (1)

    arma -ōrum n. pl.: arms, weapons (17)

    armilla -ae f.: bracelet (1)

    armō -āre: equip, arm (1)

    ars artis f.: skill (7)

    artus -ūs m.: joint; limb (1)

    arvum -ī n.: ploughed land, field (3)

    Ascraeus -a -um: belonging to Ascra (1)

    asper -era -erum: rough, harsh; wild, uncultivated (1)

    aspiciō -ere -spexī -spectum: look to or at, behold (7)

    assiduus -a -um: continual, constant (1)

    astō -stāre -stitī: stand by; stand still (1)

    at: but, but yet (16)

    atavus -ī m: grandfather (1)

    āter -tra -trum: dark, black (2)

    atque: and in addition, and also, and; (after comparatives) than; simul atque, as soon as; → ac (4)

    Ātrax -acis m.: Atrax (1)

    Atrīdēs -ae m.: son of Atreus, Agamemnon (1)

    ātrium -ī n.: atrium (2)

    attenuō -āre: make thin; weaken (1)

    Atticus -ī m.: Atticus (1)

    auctor -ōris m.: originator, founder (2)

    audeō audēre ausus sum: dare, be eager (1)

    audiō -īre -īvī/-iī -ītum: hear, listen to (6)

    augeō augēre auxī auctum: increase (1)

    aura -ae f.: breeze (3)

    aurātus -a -um: golden (1)

    aureus -a -um: golden; splendid (4)

    aurifer -era -erum: gold-bearing (1)

    auris -is f.: ear (2)

    Aurōra -ae f.: Aurora (1)

    aurum –ī n.: gold (1)

    auspicium -ī n.: omen, sign (1)

    aut: or (11)

    avārus -a -um: greedy, miserly (2)

    āvehō -vehere -vehexī -vectum: carry off, bear away (1)

    avis -is f.: bird (5)

    avus -ī m.: grandfather, forefather (1)

    axis -is m.: axle; chariot (3)

    — B —

    Bacchē -ae f.: a Bacchante (1)

    Bacchus -ī m.: Bacchus (2)

    barbarus -a -um: foreign, strange, savage (1)

    Battiadēs -ae m.: son of Battus, the founder of Cyrene (1)

    beātus -a -um: happy, blessed, prosperous, fortunate (1)

    bellum -ī n.: war (6)

    bellus -a -um: pretty (1)

    bene: well (14)

    benignus -a -um: kind, generous (2)

    bibō bibere bibī: drink (6)

    bidens -ntis: mattock, hoe (1)

    blandior -īrī -ītus sum: flatter (2)

    blanditia -ae f.: flattery, endearment (often pl. with sg. meaning) (2)

    blandus -a -um: flattering, charming, pleasant; attractive (3)

    bonus -a -um: good (7)

    Boreās -ae m.: the god of the North Wind (1)

    bōs bovis m.: ox (gen. pl. boum) (2)

    bracchium -ī n.: the forearm (elbow to hand), arm (3)

    Brīsēis -idos f.: Briseis, daughter of Breses (1)

    būbō -ōnis m.: owl (1)

    — C —

    cadō cadere cecidī cāsum: fall, be killed (7)

    caecus -a -um: blind, unseeing; dark, obscure (2)

    caedēs -is f.: killing, slaughter (2)

    caedō caedere cecīdī caesum: strike, kill, cut down; quarry (stone) (2)

    caelum -ī n.: sky, heavens (3)

    Caesar -aris m.: Caesar (1)

    callidus -a -um: clever, crafty, cunning (2)

    campus -ī m.: plain, field (1)

    candidus -a -um: white, fair (3)

    cānescō -ere: become white or hoary; become old (1)

    canis -is m./f.: dog (1)

    canō canere cecinī cantum: sing (3)

    cantō -āre: sing (4)

    capillus -ī m.: hair (12)

    capiō capere cēpī captum: seize (7)

    captīvus -a -um: captured, captive (3)

    captō -āre: woo, court (1)

    caput capitis n.: head (10)

    carcer -eris m.: prison (1)

    cardō -inis m.: hinge (2)

    careō -ēre -uī -itum: lack (+ abl.) (5)

    carīna -ae f.: keel; ship (1)

    cariōsus -a -um: decayed, rotten (1)

    carmen -inis n.: song (13)

    carnifex -icis m.: executioner (1)

    carpō carpere carpsī carptum: pluck, harvest, despoil, fleece (2)

    cārus -a -um: dear (1)

    Cassandra -ae f.: Cassandra, a daughter of Priam (1)

    Castalius -a -um: Castalian (1)

    castīgātus -a -um: checked, restrained (1)

    castrum -ī n.: fortress (regularly plural; castra, camp) (3)

    castus -a -um: pure, spotless, chaste (2)

    cāsus -ūs m.: a fall; chance, accident (1)

    catēna -ae f.: chain, fetter (4)

    caterva -ae f.: crowd, troop (1)

    causa -ae f.: cause, reason; causā (+ preceding gen.), for the sake of (8)

    causor -ārī: plead, pretend, blame (1)

    cautus -a -um: cautious, careful, prudent (1)

    caveō cavēre cāvī cautum: be on guard, beware (2)

    cēdō cēdere cessī cessum: go, move; yield (6)

    cedrus -ī f.: cedar (1)

    celebrō -āre: frequent, throng, crowd (1)

    celer -is -e: swift (1)

    celō -āre: hide, conceal; cover; keep in the dark, deceive (2)

    cēna -ae f.: dinner (1)

    census -ūs m.: census, wealth (1)

    centum: one hundred (1)

    Cephalus -ī m.: Cephalus (1)

    cēra -ae f.: wax portrait bust (6)

    Cerēs -eris f.: Ceres (2)

    certus -a -um: sure, fixed (6)

    cessō -āre: cease, leave off (2)

    cēterus -a -um: the others, the rest (2)

    cibus -ī m.: food (1)

    cicūta -ae f.: hemlock (1)

    cingō cingere cinxī cinctum: encircle, surround, gird (2)

    circā: around (adv. and prep. +acc.) (1)

    circum: around (adv. and prep. + acc) (1)

    citus -a -um: swift; citō, swiftly (1)

    clam: (adv.) secretly (1)

    clāmō -āre: shout, call (4)

    claudō claudere clausī clausum: close, shut (2)

    claustrum -ī n.: bolt, bar (1)

    clipeus -ī m.: round shield (1)

    clīvōsus -a -um: steep, hilly (1)

    coepī coepisse coeptum: begin (1)

    cognātus -a -um: related by birth (1)

    cognitor –ōris m.: attorney, learned counsel (1)

    cognoscō -gnoscere -gnōvī -gnitum: learn, understand (4)

    cōgō cōgere coēgī coactum: drive together; compel (5)

    cohaereō -haerēre -haesī -haesum: cling to, adhere to (2)

    colligō -ere -lēgī -lectum: gather together, collect (4)

    collum -ī n.: neck (6)

    colō colere coluī cultum: cultivate, tend; worship (2)

    color -ōris m.: color (3)

    colōrātus -a -um: colored (1)

    columba -ae f.: pigeon, dove (1)

    coma -ae f.: hair, tresses (19)

    comes comitis m./f.: companion, comrade; attendant, follower (2)

    comitō -āre: accompany, follow (1)

    comitor -ārī: accompany, follow (1)

    commendō -āre: commit, commend, recommend (1)

    committō -mittere -mīsī -missum: join, entrust to (+ dat.); perform, do (3)

    commodō -āre: adapt, accommodate; lend, provide (2)

    commodum -ī n.: advantage, benefit, (pl.) assets (1)

    cōmō cōmere compsī comptum: make beautiful, adorn; dress, arrange, comb (1)

    comparō -āre: get ready, provide; compare (1)

    complector -plectī -plexus sum: embrace, clasp (1)

    complexus -ūs m.: embrace (1)

    compōnō -pōnere posuī positum: build, construct, arrange (1)

    comprimō -primere -pressī -pressum: compress; embrace (1)

    conciliō -āre: advise (1)

    concitō -āre: stir up, excite (1)

    concutiō -cutere -cussī -cussum: shake, strike, shatter (2)

    condō -dere -didī -ditum: build, found; store up; hide, conceal (1)

    condūcō -dūcere -duxī -ductum: lead together, unite; hire; bribe (2)

    conductor -ōris m.: contractor (1)

    conferō conferre contulī collātum: collect, bring to (2)

    confiteor confitērī confessus sum: admit (a fact), confess (a crime); reveal, disclose (1)

    congerō -gerere -gessī -gestum: gather together, collect; pile up (1)

    coniunx coniugis m./f.: spouse, husband, wife (1)

    conscius -a -um: having common knowledge with another; conspiratorial, conspiring; aware (1)

    conserva -ae f.: fellow-slave (female) (1)

    consilium -ī n.: plan; council, group of advisors (1)

    consonus -a -um: harmonious (1)

    conspiciō -spicere -spexī -spectum: notice, attract attention, catch the eye of (1)

    constō -stāre -stitī: agree; constat, it is established that (+ acc. and infin.) (3)

    consuētus -a -um: accustomed, usual (1)

    consultus -ī m.: jurist, consult, lawyer (1)

    consūmō -sūmere -sumpsī -sumptum: to use up, consume (1)

    contineō -tinēre -tinuī -tentum: contain, restrain (2)

    contingō -tingere -tigī -tactum: touch, border on; happen, come to pass (2)

    continuō: (adv.) forthwith, immediately (1)

    contrārius -a -um: opposite, opposed (1)

    contundō -tundere -tudī -tūsum: crush, bruise, break (1)

    conveniō -venīre -vēnī -ventum: assemble, meet; agree (2)

    convīcium -ī n.: clamor, uproar; insulting talk, abuse, mockery (1)

    convincō -vincere -vīcī -victum: overcome; prove; convict (1)

    convīva -ae m.: guest, table-companion (1)

    cor cordis n.: heart; cordī est, it is pleasing to (+ dat.) (1)

    Corinna -ae f.: Corinna (2)

    corneus -a -um: made of horn (1)

    cornū -ūs n.: horn (2)

    corōna -ae f.: garland, crown (2)

    corpus corporis n.: body (9)

    Corsicus -a -um: Corsican (1)

    cortex -icis m.: bark, shell (1)

    cothurnus -ī m.: high boot, buskin (1)

    crās: tomorrow (1)

    crēdibilis -e: believable, credible (1)

    crēdō crēdere crēdidī crēditum: believe (3)

    crepusculum -ī n.: evening, twilight (1)

    crescō crescere crēvī crētum: grow, increase (1)

    Cressa -ae f.: Cretan woman (1)

    crīmen -inis n.: verdict, accusation (3)

    crīnis -is m.: lock of hair; (pl. or collective sg.) hair (4)

    crūdēlis -e: cruel, merciless (1)

    crūs -ūris n.: shin, leg (1)

    crux -ucis f.: a cross (1)

    cubō cubāre cubuī cubitum: lie down, recline (1)

    culpa -ae f.: guilt, fault, blame (3)

    cultus -a -um: elegant, polished, sophisticated; cultivated (3)

    cum: with (prep. + abl.); when, since, although (conj. +subj.) (45)

    Cupīdō -inis m.: Cupid (6)

    cupiō -ere -īvī -ītum: desire (2)

    cūr: why? (7)

    cūra -ae f.: care, concern (3)

    currō currere cucurrī cursum: run (1)

    currus -ūs m.: chariot (4)

    cuspis -idis f.: sharp point, tip (esp. of a spear) (1)

    custōs custōdis m.: guardian (2)

    Cytherēa -ae f.: Venus (1)

    — D —

    damnō -āre: condemn (1)

    damnum -ī n.: damage, injury (2)

    : down from, about, concerning (+ abl.) (12)

    dēbeō dēbēre dēbuī dēbitum: owe, be obliged (5)

    decens decentis: becoming, seemly, attractive (1)

    decet decēre decuīt: it is right, proper, fitting (+acc. +infin.) (5)

    dēcipiō -cipere -cēpī -ceptum: catch; cheat, deceive (1)

    dēdecet -ēre -uit: be unsuitable for or unbecoming to (+acc.) (1)

    dēdicō -āre: dedicate, consecrate (1)

    dēdignor -ārī: refuse scornfully (1)

    dēdūcō -dūcere -duxī -ductum: launch, lead away (1)

    dēfendō -fendere -fendī -fensum: defend, ward off (1)

    deficiō -ficere -fēcī -fectum: fail, give out; revolt from (1)

    dēfungor -fungī -functus sum: perform, discharge, finish; die (1)

    dēiciō -icere -iēcī -iectum: cast down (1)

    dēmens -ntis: out of one’s mind, insane, senseless (1)

    dēmō dēmere dempsī demptum: take away, subtract (3)

    dēnique: finally (1)

    dens -ntis m.: tooth (2)

    densus -a -um: thick, dense; frequent (2)

    dēpereō -perīre -periī: destroy completely (1)

    dēpre(he)ndō -pre(he)ndere -pre(he)ndī -pre(he)nsum: catch, seize, trap (2)

    dērigō -rigere -rexī -rectum: set straight, direct, guide (1)

    dēripiō -ripere -ripuī -reptum: snatch away, tear down (3)

    dēserō -serere -seruī -sertum: desert, abandon, leave (2)

    dēserviō -servīre: serve, be devoted to (+dat.) (1)

    dēsidia -ae f.: idleness, inactivity (1)

    dēsidiōsus -a -um: slothful, idle, lazy (1)

    dēsinō -sinere -siī -situm: leave off, cease (4)

    dēsistō -sistere -stitī: stand away, withdraw; desist (1)

    despiciō -spicere -spexī -spectum: look down on; be contemptuous of (1)

    dēsultor -ōris m.: leaper, a circus rider who leaps from horse to horse (1)

    dēsum -esse -fuī: be lacking (1)

    dētractō -āre: decline, refuse (1)

    dētrahō -trahere -traxī -tractum: strip off, remove (1)

    deus -ī m.; dea -ae f.: god; goddess (8)

    dēvoveō -vovēre -vōvī -vōtum: devote, consecrate; curse, execrate (1)

    dexter -tra -trum: right; dextera -ae f., right hand (1)

    dīcō dīcere dixī dictum: say; causam dīcere, plead a case; diem dīcere, appoint a day (13)

    dīdūcō -dūcere -duxī -ductum: draw apart, separate (1)

    diēs diēī m./f.: day (7)

    difficilis -e: not easy, hard, difficult (2)

    dīgerō -gerere -gessī -gestum: separate, spread (2)

    digitus -ī m.: finder; toe (5)

    dignus -a -um: worthy (4)

    dīligō -ligere -lexī -lectum: choose, cherish, love (1)

    dīmittō -mittere -mīsī -missum: send away (1)

    Diōnē -ēs f.: Dione, the mother of Aphrodite; often used for Aphrodite/Venus herself (1)

    dipsas -adis f.: Dipsas; a kind of serpent whose bite causes violent thirst (1)

    dīrus -a -um: fearful, dire (1)

    discēdō -ere -cessī -cessum: go away, depart (1)

    discinctus -a -um: wearing a tunic without a belt, wearing loose clothes; easygoing, undisciplined (1)

    discō -ere didicī: learn (2)

    disertus -a -um: eloquent, expressive (1)

    dispendium -ī n.: loss (2)

    dispōnō -pōnere -posuī -positum: arrange, put in place; (mil.) to post, station (1)

    distrahō -trahere -traxī -tractum: pull apart, tear to pieces (1)

    diū: for a long time (1)

    dīves dīvitis: rich (poet. dīs, dītis) (3)

    dīvidō -ere dīvīsī dīvīsum: divide, separate (1)

    dīviduus -a -um: divided (1)

    dō dare dedī datum: give (34)

    doceō -ēre -uī doctum: teach (2)

    docilis -e: teachable, responsive (to styling) (1)

    doleō -ēre doluī dolitum: feel pain or grief, grieve (2)

    dolor -ōris m.: pain, grief (3)

    dominus -ī m.; domina -ae f.: household master, lord; mistress (14)

    domō domāre domuī domitum: subdue, tame, conquer (1)

    domus -ūs f.: house, home (2)

    dōnec: until (2)

    dōnō -āre: present with a gift (+acc. of person and abl. of thing) (4)

    dōs dōtis f.: gift, endowment; dowry (1)

    dubitō -āre: hesitate, doubt (2)

    dubius -a -um: doubtful; sine dubiō, without a doubt, certainly (1)

    dūcō dūcere duxī ductum: lead; uxōrem dūcere, marry (5)

    dulcis -e: sweet (2)

    dum: while (+indic.); until (+subj.); provided that (+subj.) (14)

    dummodo: (conj.) provided that, if only, as long as (1)

    duo duae duo: two (4)

    duplex -icis: double, folded; deceitful, duplicitous (2)

    duplicō -āre: fold over; double (2)

    dūrō -āre: last, endure; harden (1)

    dūrus -a -um: hard, tough, harsh (13)

    dux ducis m./f.: leader, general (1)

    — E —

    ecce: behold! (2)

    edax -ācis: voracious, greedy (1)

    ēdisco -discere -didicī: learn thoroughly, study (1)

    ēdō ēdere ēdidī ēditum: put forth, state, explain; publish (1)

    efficiō -ficere -fēcī -fectum: bring about, complete; render (+ut +subj.) (1)

    effundō -fundere -fūdī -fūsum: pour out (2)

    ego meī mihi mē: I, me (88)

    ēloquium -ī n.: eloquence (1)

    emō emere ēmī emptum: buy, purchase (6)

    ēmodulor -ārī: measure out; put into meter (1)

    ēn: lo! behold! (2)

    Ennius -iī m.: Ennius (1)

    eō īre iī/īvī itum: go (9)

    Ēōus -a -um: of the east, of the dawn (1)

    ephēmeris -idis f.: day-book, account-book (1)

    epulae -ārum f. pl.: banquet, dinner party (1)

    equa -ae f.: mare (2)

    eques equitis m.: horseman, knight (5)

    equus -ī m.: horse (3)

    ergō: therefore (9)

    errō -āre: go astray, wander (2)

    error -ōris m.: error, mistake (2)

    ērubescō -rubescere -rubuī: grow red, blush (1)

    ērudiō -rudīre -rudiī -rudītum: to instruct, train; free from roughness (1)

    et: and (102)

    etiam: also, even (7)

    Eurōtās -ae m.: the Eurotas river, the river of Sparta (1)

    Eurus -ī m.: Southwest wind (2)

    ēventus -ūs m.: consequence, outcome, event, occurrence (1)

    ēvocō -āre: call out, summon (1)

    ex ē: out of, from (+abl.) (6)

    exanimis -e: scared stiff, frightened out of one’s wits (1)

    excipiō -cipere -cēpī -ceptum: take out (1)

    excitō -āre: wake, rouse (1)

    exclūdō -clūdere -clūsī -clūsum: shut out (2)

    excubiae -ārum f. pl.: the keeping of a watch, a watch (1)

    excutiō -cutere -cussī -cussum: shake out, throw off (7)

    exemplum -ī n.: example, sample, copy (2)

    exeō -īre -iī -itum: go forth (1)

    exerceō -ercēre -ercuī -ercitum: train, exercise, carry on (2)

    exigō -igere -ēgī -actum: drive out; collect (2)

    exiguus -a -um: small, slight (1)

    eximō -imere -ēmī -emptum: take out, remove (1)

    exitium -ī n.: going out; destruction, death (2)

    experiens -ntis: active, enterprising (1)

    externus -a -um: external, outside; foreign (1)

    exterō -terere -trīvī -trītum: rub out, wear away (1)

    exterritus -a -um: badly frightened (1)

    extrēmus -a -um: farthest, situated at the end or tip, extreme (2)

    exultō -āre: exult, rejoice, triumph (1)

    — F —

    fabrīlis -e: skillfully made (1)

    fābula -ae f.: account, tale, story (1)

    faciō facere fēcī factum: do, make (35)

    fallax -ācis: deceitful, treacherous, false (1)

    fallō fallere fefellī falsum: deceive (4)

    falsus -a -um: deceptive, false (1)

    falx -cis f.: scythe, sickle (1)

    fāma -ae f.: rumor, fame (4)

    fateor fatērī fassus sum: admit, confess; profess, declare; assent, say yes (1)

    fātum -ī n.: fate, death (2)

    fēlix -īcis: lucky (3)

    fēmina -ae f.: woman (2)

    fēmineus -a -um: feminine (1)

    femur -oris n.: thigh (3)

    fenestra -ae f.: window (1)

    ferē: almost (1)

    ferō ferre tulī lātum: bear, carry, endure (22)

    ferox -ōcis: fierce, savage, ferocious (1)

    ferreus -a -um: made of iron; hard-hearted, cruel (4)

    ferrum -ī n.: iron, iron weapon or implement (4)

    ferus -a -um: wild, fierce; fera -ae f., wild animal (5)

    fervidus -a -um: intensely hot, blazing (1)

    fidēs -eī f.: trust, faith (5)

    fīdus -a -um: faithful, true (2)

    figūra -ae f.: form, figure (1)

    fīlia -ae f.; fīlius -ī m.: daughter; son (3)

    fīlum -ī n.: thread, string (3)

    findō findere fidī fissum: split apart (1)

    fingō fingere finxī fictum: shape; invent (1)

    fīnīo -īre: limit, enclose; end, finish (1)

    fīnis -is m.: end, boundary (1)

    fīō fierī factus sum: become, happen, be done (7)

    flāgitō -āre: ask for repeatedly (1)

    flāmen -inis n.: gust, blast (of wind) (1)

    flamma -ae f.: flame, fire (2)

    flāvens -ntis: golden, yellow (1)

    flāvus -a -um: golden; fair-haired, blonde (4)

    fleō flēre flēvī flētum: weep (4)

    flexus -ūs m.: curl, wave; the act of bending or curling (1)

    flōs flōris m.: flower, bloom (1)

    flūmen -inis n.: stream, river (1)

    flūmineus -a -um: of a river (1)

    fluō fluere fluxī fluxum: flow, stream, pour (1)

    forās: outside, out of doors (1)

    fore = futūrum esse (2)

    foris foris f.: door (9)

    fōrma -ae f.: shape; beauty (4)

    formīdō -āre: fear, dread (1)

    formōsus -a -um: shapely, beautiful (8)

    fors fortis f.: chance (1)

    forsitan: perhaps, perchance (2)

    forte: by chance (1)

    fortis -e: brave (5)

    fortūna -ae f.: fortune (1)

    forum -ī n.: market-place, forum (1)

    foveō fovēre fōvī fōtum: warm; caress (1)

    frangō frangere frēgī fractum: break, shatter (5)

    fraudō -āre: cheat of, deprive of (1)

    frēnum -ī n: bridle, reins (1)

    fretum -ī n.: strait, (pl.) sea (1)

    frīgidus -a -um: cold (1)

    frīgus -oris n.: cold, coldness (2)

    frons frontis f.: forehead, brow; front (3)

    frux -ūgis f.: crops, fruits, grain (1)

    fugiō fugere fūgī fugitum: flee, escape (4)

    fulciō fulcīre fulsī fultum: strengthen, fortify, reinforce (1)

    fulgeō fulgēre fulsī: shine brightly, flash (1)

    fulmen -inis n.: thunderbolt; threat of destruction (1)

    fulminō -āre: flash like lightning (1)

    fūnebris -e: funereal (1)

    furor -ōris m.: rage, fury (3)

    furtim: (adv.) stealthily, secretly (2)

    furtīvus -a -um: secret, furtive (2)

    — G —

    galea -ae f.: helmet (1)

    Gallus -ī: Gallus (3)

    Gangētis -idis: of the Ganges, Indian (1)

    garrulus -a -um: talkative, chatty, babbling (1)

    gaudeō gaudēre gāvīsus sum: rejoice (1)

    geminus -a -um: twin, double (1)

    gemma -ae f.: jewel, gem (3)

    gena -ae f.: cheek (6)

    genitor -ōris m.: father (1)

    gēns gentis f.: family, clan (1)

    genū -ūs n.: knee (1)

    Germānia -ae f.: Germany (1)

    gerō gerere gessī gestum: bear, manage; bellum gerere, wage war (1)

    glomerō -āre: form into a ball; mass together (1)

    gracilis -e: slender, thin (3)

    grāmen -inis n.: herbs, especially magical ones (2)

    grandis -e: great, large (3)

    graphium -ī n.: stilus (1)

    grātia -ae f.: favor, influence, gratitude (3)

    grātus -a -um: pleasant; grateful (3)

    gravis -e: heavy, serious (3)

    gremium -ī n.: lap, bosom (2)

    grex -egis m.: herd, flock (2)

    guttur -uris n.: windpipe, throat (1)

    gypsātus -a -um: whitened with gypsum (1)

    — H —

    habeō habēre habuī habitum: have, hold (26)

    habilis -e: suited (1)

    Haemonius -a -um: Haemonian, Thessalian (1)

    haereō haerēre haesī haesitum: stick, adhere (2)

    harundō -inis f.: reed (1)

    Hector -oris m.: Hector (1)

    Helicōnius -a -um: of Helicon (1)

    herba -ae f.: herb (1)

    here: (adv.) yesterday (1)

    Hesperius -a -um: of the west, western (1)

    heu: alas! (3)

    hic haec hoc: this, these (26)

    hīc: here; hinc, from here; hūc: to this place (3)

    hiems hiemis f.: winter (1)

    hodiē: today (1)

    Homērus -ī m.: Homer (1)

    homō hominis m.: human being (1)

    honor -ōris m.: honor, glory; office, post; compliment (2)

    hōra -ae f.: hour (3)

    hortor hortārī hortātus sum: urge strongly, advise, exhort (1)

    hostis -is m./f.: stranger, enemy (6)

    humus -ī f.: earth (2)

    — I —

    iaciō iacere iēcī iactum: throw, hurl (8)

    iactō -āre: throw, cast (1)

    iactūra -ae f.: loss (of stature/prestige) (1)

    iam: now; already (9)

    iānitor -ōris m.: door-keeper (2)

    iānua -ae f.: door, entrance (5)

    ibi: there (1)

    īciō īcere īcī ictum: strike (1)

    Īda -ae f.: Mount Ida (1)

    Īdē -ēs f.: Mount Ida (1)

    īdem eadem idem: the same (2)

    ignāvus -a -um: lazy, idle (2)

    ignis -is m.: fire (5)

    ille illa illud: that (55)

    imbellis -e: unwarlike; peaceful (1)

    imber -ris m.: rain, shower (1)

    immemor -oris: unmindful, forgetful (1)

    immītis -e: hard, harsh, cruel (1)

    immundus -a -um: unclean, foul (2)

    impellō -ere impulī impulsum: strike or beat against; push (2)

    imperium -ī n.: command, power (1)

    impius -a -um: impious, wicked (1)

    impōnō -ere -posuī -positum: put in, put on, impose, levy upon (1)

    imprimō -primere -pressī -pressum: apply with pressure, press onto, imprint (1)

    improbus -a -um: inferior, bad; shameless (1)

    in: in, on (+abl.), into, onto (+acc) (77)

    inānis -e: empty, void; foolish, trifling (1)

    inaurātus -a -um: gilt (1)

    incertus -a -um: disarrayed, errant, wayward (1)

    inclāmō -āre: shout abuse at (+dat.) (1)

    inclūdo -clūdere -clūsī clūsum: shut in; confine (1)

    incurvus -a -um: bent, curved (1)

    inde: from there, from then (2)

    indignus -a -um: unworthy, beneath one’s dignity, shameful (2)

    inemptus -a -um: un-bought (1)

    ineptus -a -um: foolish (1)

    inermis -e: unarmed, defenseless (2)

    iners -tis: crude, lacking skill; lazy, idle (1)

    infāmis -e: notorious, disreputable (1)

    infēlix -īcis: ill-fated (1)

    inferus -a -um: low; inferior, lower; infimus or īmus, lowest (2)

    infestus -a -um: hostile, savage (1)

    infirmus -a -um: weak, feeble (1)

    ingeniōsus -a -um: talented, naturally clever (2)

    ingenium -ī n.: disposition, ability, talent (4)

    ingenuus -a -um: native, natural, indigenous, tender, delicate (2)

    ingrātus -a -um: unpleasant, disagreeable (3)

    iniciō -icere -iēcī -iectum: cast into, throw over (3)

    innumerus -a -um: countless (1)

    inoffensus -a -um: (esp. of feet) not striking against an obstacle, unhindered (1)

    inops -pis: without means; poor, destitute (1)

    insānus -a -um: mad, insane, senseless (1)

    insignis -e: distinguished, remarkable, notable (1)

    instar n.: the equivalent, just like (+gen.) (1)

    instruō -struere -struxi -structum: equip, furnish; prepare, provide (1)

    insum -esse -fuī: be in or on, be present (1)

    inter: between, among; during (+acc.) (2)

    intonō -tonāre -tonuī: thunder forth (1)

    inūtilis -e: useless, unserviceable (1)

    invādō -vādere -vāsī -vāsum: attack, assault, fall upon (1)

    inveniō -venīre -vēnī -ventum: find; discover (2)

    invidiōsus -a -um: envious, hateful (1)

    invidus -a -um: envious, jealous (2)

    invīsus -a -um: unseen, secret; hated (1)

    invītus -a -um: unwilling (2)

    : hurrah! oh! (3)

    ipse ipsa ipsum: him- her- itself (24)

    īra īrae f.: wrath, anger (4)

    īrascor īrascī īrātus sum: grow angry; īrātus -a -um, angry (2)

    is ea id: he, she, it (2)

    Īsis -dis f.: Isis, an Egyptian goddess (1)

    iste ista istud: that, that of yours; (adv.) istīc or istūc, over there; istinc, from over there (6)

    ita: thus, so (1)

    iterum: again (1)

    iubeō iubēre iussī iussum: bid, order (6)

    iūcundus -a -um: pleasant, agreeable, delightful (1)

    iūdex iūdicis m.: judge, juror (1)

    iugōsus -a -um: hilly, mountainous (1)

    iugum -ī n.: yoke; ridge, chain of hills (3)

    iungō iungere iunxī iunctum: join (4)

    Iuppiter Iovis m.: Jupiter (2)

    iurgium -ī n.: altercation, quarrel (1)

    iūs iūris n.: right, justice, law (4)

    iustus -a -um: right, just, fair (1)

    iuvenālis -e: youthful (1)

    iuvencus -ī m.: young bull, bullock (1)

    iuvenis -is m.: youth (4)

    iuvō iuvāre iūvī iūtum: help, assist; please, delight (7)

    — L —

    lābellum -ī n.: lip (1)

    labor -ōris m.: toil, exertion (1)

    lābor lābī lapsus sum: slip and fall; glide, drop; perish (3)

    labōrō -āre: toil, work; be in trouble or distress (1)

    lacertus -ī m.: the arm, esp. the upper arm (4)

    lacrima -ae f.: tear (6)

    lacrimō -āre: weep, shed tears (1)

    lacrimōsus -a -um: tearful (1)

    laedō laedere laesī laesum: injure by striking, hurt (7)

    laetus -a -um: glad, joyful (2)

    Lāis -idis or -idos f.: Lais, the name of two famous Greek courtesans (1)

    lānificus -a -um: wool-working, spinning (1)

    laniō -āre: tear to pieces, mangle, lacerate (1)

    lānūgō -inis f.: soft hair, down (1)

    Lār Laris m.: Lar, household god (1)

    lascīvia -ae f.: playfulness; wantonness, licentiousness (2)

    lassō -āre: tire out, wear out (1)

    lassus -a -um: tired, weary (4)

    latebra -ae f.: hiding place, concealment (1)

    lateō latēre latuī: lie hidden, be hidden (2)

    latus -eris n.: side, flank; physical strength (4)

    lātus -a -um: broad, wide (2)

    laudābilis -e: praiseworthy, laudable (1)

    laudō -āre: praise (1)

    laurus -ī f.: laurel (2)

    laus laudis f.: praise, glory (1)

    lavō lavāre lāvī lautum: wash, bathe (1)

    laxus -a -um: wide, loose, spacious (1)

    lectus -ī m.: couch, bed (2)

    Lēdē -ēs f.: Leda (1)

    legō legere lēgī lectum: gather, choose, read (10)

    lēna -ae f.: brothel-keeper, madam, procuress, go-between (2)

    lēnis -e: gentle, kind, mild (2)

    lēnō -ōnis m.: pimp (1)

    lentē: (adv.) slowly, leisurely (1)

    lentus -a -um: yielding, pliant, supple, unbreakable (3)

    levis -e: light, trivial (6)

    levō -āre: lighten, relieve (1)

    lex lēgis f.: law (3)

    libellus -ī m.: little book (1)

    Līber Līberī m.: Bacchus, Dionysus (1)

    lībō -āre: nibble, sip, touch (1)

    lībum -ī n.: cake (1)

    liceor licērī licitus: bid for (1)

    licet licēre licuit licitum est: although, even if (6)

    līcium -ī n.: thrum, end of a thread; a thread (1)

    lignum -ī n.: wood (3)

    līmen līminis n.: threshold (6)

    lingua -ae f.: tongue; language (5)

    liquidus -a -um: clear, liquid (2)

    līs lītis f.: lawsuit; quarrel (1)

    lītoreus -a -um: of the seashore (1)

    littera -ae f.: letter, (pl.) literature (2)

    līveō -ēre: be livid, be black and blue with bruises (1)

    līvidus -a -um: bluish; envious (1)

    līvor -ōris m.: envy (2)

    locō -āre: place, position, set; hire out (1)

    locus -ī m.: place; loca, (n. pl.) region (2)

    longus -a -um: long, far (12)

    loquax loquācis: talkative, loquacious; (1)

    loquor loquī locūtus sum: speak, say (2)

    lōrum -ī n.: strap, (pl.) reins, bridle (1)

    Lūcifer -ferī m.: Lucifer; the morning star (1)

    Lucrētius -iī m.: Lucretius (1)

    lucrōsus -a -um: lucrative, profitable (1)

    lucrum -ī n.: profit (1)

    luctor -ārī: wrestle, struggle, strive (1)

    lūdō lūdere lūsī lūsum: play, mock (3)

    lūmen lūminis n.: light (3)

    lūna -ae f.: moon (3)

    lūnō -āre: bend like a half-moon (1)

    lupa -ae f.: she-wolf, prostitute (1)

    lupātī ōrum n. pl..: jagged bit (for horses) (1)

    lūsus -ūs m.: play, game (1)

    lux lūcis f.: light (of day) (3)

    Lycōris -idis f.: Lycoris (1)

    lyra -ae f.: lyre (3)

    — M —

    madeō -ēre: be wet, be damp (2)

    madidus -a -um: moist, wet; drunk (1)

    Maenalius -a -um: of Mount Maenalus (1)

    Maenas -adis f.: Maenad, priestess of Bacchus (1)

    Maeonidēs -ae m.: Homer (1)

    maestus -a -um: sad, sorrowful; depressing (2)

    magister magistrī m.: master, chief (1)

    magnificus -a -um: grand, splendid, magnificent (2)

    magnus -a -um: great (10)

    magus -a -um: magical (1)

    male: (adv.) badly (5)

    malignus -a -um: malignant, wicked, malicious (1)

    malus -a -um: bad, evil (4)

    mandō -āre: order, command, bid (1)

    māne: (in the) morning (5)

    maneō manēre mansī mansum: remain (2)

    manifestus -a -um: clear, evident, manifest (1)

    mānō -āre: flow (1)

    manus -ūs f.: hand; band of men (29)

    marceō -ēre: wither, droop, be feeble (1)

    mare -is n.: sea (1)

    margō -inis m.: rim; border, edge; margin (1)

    marītus -ī m.: husband (2)

    Mars Martis m.: Mars (6)

    māter mātris f.: mother (4)

    māteria -ae f.: material, subject matter; timber, lumber (2)

    māteriēs māteriēī f.: material (1)

    māternus -a -um: maternal (2)

    medicō -āre: treat, medicate (with); dye (with) (2)

    medius -a -um: middle, central (10)

    mel mellis n.: honey (2)

    membrum -ī m.: limb, member of the body (5)

    meminī meminisse: remember, recollect (3)

    Memnōn -onis m.: Memnon (2)

    memor memoris: mindful, un-forgetting (2)

    Menandros -drī m.: Menander (1)

    menda -ae f.: fault, defect, blemish (1)

    mens mentis f.: mind (6)

    mensa -ae f.: table (1)

    mercābilis -e: purchasable (1)

    mercēs mercēdis f.: price (2)

    mereō merēre meruī meritum: deserve, merit; serve as a soldier (5)

    meretrix meretrīcis f.: prostitute (2)

    meritō: (adv.) deservedly, justly (1)

    meritum -ī n.: meritorious action, service (1)

    meritus -a -um: deserving, meriting (1)

    merum -ī n.: wine; wine unmixed with water (2)

    merx mercis f.: commodity (1)

    metuō metuere metuī metūtum: to fear, to dread (2)

    metus -ūs m.: fear, dread (3)

    meus -a -um: my (39)

    mīles -itis m.: soldier (8)

    mīlitia -ae f.: military service, warfare (2)

    mīlitō -āre: to serve as a soldier (2)

    mille (pl.) mīlia: thousand (2)

    minae -ārum f. pl.: threats (2)

    ministerium -ī n.: service, ministry (1)

    ministra -ae f.: servant, attendant (2)

    ministrō -āre: serve, attend to, take care of (1)

    minium -ī n.: cinnabar (1)

    minuō minuere minuī minūtum: make smaller, lessen, diminish (2)

    Minerva -ae f.: Minerva (3)

    mīror mīrārī mīrātus sum: wonder at, marvel at (+acc.) (4)

    misceō miscēre miscuī mixtum: mix (4)

    miser misera miserum: wretched, pitiable (10)

    mītis -e: mild, soft, ripe (2)

    mittō mittere mīsī missum: send, let go (7)

    moderābilis -e: controllable (1)

    modestus -a -um: moderate, respectful, unassuming (1)

    modicus -a -um: moderate, limited (1)

    modo: just, just now; modo … modo; now … now, at one moment … at another, sometimes … sometimes (5)

    modus -ī m.: measure, manner, kind (2)

    mōlior mōlīrī mōlītus sum: set in motion, stir; toil, struggle (2)

    molliō mollīre mollīvī mollītum: make pliable, soften, weaken (1)

    mollis -e: soft, yielding, gentle (3)

    moneō monēre monuī monitum: warn, advise (2)

    monīle -is n.: necklace (1)

    monimentum (monumentum) -ī n.: reminder, example (1)

    mons montis m.: mountain (1)

    monstrō -āre: show, point out; show (how to) (+infin.) (1)

    mora -ae f.: delay, hindrance (3)

    morbus -ī m.: sickness, disease (1)

    morior morī mortuus sum: die (2)

    moror morārī morātus sum: delay (3)

    mors mortis f.: death (1)

    mortālis -e: liable to death, mortal (1)

    mōs mōris m.: custom, habit; (pl.) character (3)

    mōtus -ūs m.: motion, movement (1)

    moveō -ēre mōvī mōtum: move (9)

    mox: soon (1)

    mulier -eris f.: woman (1)

    multus -a -um: much, many; multō, by far (16)

    mūnīmen -inis n.: protection, defence, fortification (1)

    mūnus mūneris n.: gift, offering; duty, obligation; (pl.) gladiatorial show (9)

    Mūsa -ae f.: a Muse, one of the goddesses of inspiration of poetry and the arts and sciences (1)

    mustum -ī n.: unfermented grape juice, must (1)

    mūtō -āre: change (1)

    myrtus -ī f.: myrtle (3)

    — N —

    nam or namque: for, indeed, really (2)

    Napē -ēs f.: Nape, ‘woodland glen’ in Greek (2)

    narrō -āre: relate, recount (1)

    nascor nascī nātus sum: be born (1)

    Nāsō -ōnis m.: Naso (2)

    nātālis -is m.: a birthday (1)

    nātīvus -a -um: native, natural (1)

    nāvita -ae m.: sailor, mariner (1)

    : lest, that not (9)

    nec or neque: and not, nor; nec … nec, neither … nor (60)

    nectō nectere nexī nexum: tie, bind, connect, weave (2)

    neglegō -legere -lexī -lectum: neglect, disregard (1)

    negō -āre: deny, refuse (6)

    nēmō: no one (gen. nullīus, dat. nullī, abl. nullō or nullānullus -a -um) (2)

    nempe: certainly (1)

    nēquīquam: to no avail (1)

    nervus -ī m.: muscle, tendon; cord, string (1)

    nesciō -scīre: not know, be ignorant (3)

    nescius -a -um: unknowing, ignorant, unaware (1)

    neuter -tra -trum: neither (1)

    nēve or neu: and not, nor, and that not, and lest (2)

    nexilis -e: plaited, intertwined (1)

    niger nigra nigrum: black (1)

    nihil or nīl: nothing; not at all (5)

    nimbus -ī m.: rain-cloud, cloud-burst, downpour (1)

    nimis or nimium: excessively (4)

    nisi or nī: if not, unless (5)

    niteō nitēre nituī: shine, sparkle (1)

    nix nivis f.: snow (3)

    nocens, nocentis: guilty (1)

    noceō nocēre nocuī: harm (9)

    nocturnus -a -um: by night, nocturnal (2)

    nōlō nolle nōluī: be unwilling (3)

    nōmen -inis n.: name (7)

    nōn: not (50)

    nondum: not yet (1)

    nonne: (adv.) surely (1)

    nonnumquam: (adv.) sometimes (1)

    nōs nostrum/nostrī nōbīs nōs: we (8)

    noscō noscere nōvī nōtum: learn, (in perfect tenses) know (4)

    noster nostra nostrum: our (6)

    nota -ae f.: mark; sign; brand (4)

    notō -āre: mark, write (4)

    Notus -ī m.: south wind (3)

    nōtus -a -um: well-known (3)

    novem: (indecl.) nine (1)

    novus -a -um: new (6)

    nox noctis f.: night (25)

    nūbēs -is f.: cloud (1)

    nūbilum -ī n.: darkness; cloud (1)

    nūbō nūbere nupsī nuptum: cover, veil; be married to (1)

    nūdus -a -um: naked, bare (5)

    nullus -a -um: not any, no one (16)

    num: interrogative particle implying negative answer (1)

    nūmen -inis n.: divine will, deity (3)

    numerō -āre: count; count out as payment (1)

    numerus -ī m.: number, amount; poetic meter (3)

    numquam: never (2)

    nunc: now (14)

    nūper: adv. not long ago, lately (2)

    nusquam: (adv.) nowhere (2)

    nūtrix -īcis f.: nurse (1)

    nūtus -ūs m.: nod, command (1)

    — O —

    ō: oh! (2)

    obiciō -icere -iēcī -iectum: throw in the way, reproach; charge, accuse (1)

    oblīquus -a -um: slanting, indirect, covert (1)

    oborior -orīrī -ortus sum: arise, appear (1)

    obsideō -sidēre -sēdī -sessum: sit down near, blockade, besiege (2)

    obstō -stāre -stitī -stātum: stand before, obstruct, hinder (2)

    obsum -esse -fuī: be in the way, hinder, be against (2)

    obvius -a -um: in the way, meeting (1)

    occulō -culere -culuī -cultum: conceal (1)

    occultē: (adv.) without being noticed (1)

    ōceanus -ī m.: the ocean (1)

    ocellus -ī m.: a (little) eye (2)

    oculus -ī m.: eye (9)

    ōdī ōdisse ōdōsum: hate (2)

    officium -ī n.: service, duty (3)

    Olympus -ī m.: Olympus (1)

    ōmen -inis n.: omen, augury (2)

    omnis -e: all, every, as a whole (11)

    onerō -āre: weigh down, burden (1)

    onus oneris n.: load, burden (2)

    oppositus -a -um: hostile, opposed (1)

    ops opis f.: assistance, resources (6)

    optō -āre: choose, select (5)

    opus operis n.: work (12)

    ōra ōrae f.: edge. border (1)

    orbis -is m.: circle; orbis terrārum, world (7)

    ordō -inis m.: order, rank (3)

    Orestēs -is or -ae m.: Orestes, a Greek hero (1)

    orior orīrī ortus sum: arise, begin (3)

    Ōrīthyia -ae f.: Orithyia, a daughter of Erechtheus (1)

    ornātrix -īcis f.: hairdresser, lady’s maid (1)

    ornō -āre: decorate, beautify; arrange (hair); equip (2)

    ōrō -āre: pray (2)

    os ossis n.: bone (11)

    osculum -ī n.: kiss (5)

    ōtium -ī n.: leisure (1)

    ovis -is n.: sheep (1)

    ōvum -ī n.: egg (1)

    — P —

    paciscor paciscī pactus sum: negotiate, seek through bargaining (1)

    paelex -icis f.: a mistress who was a rival to a wife or lover (1)

    pāgina -ae f.: page (1)

    palla -ae f.: cloak (1)

    pallium -ī n.: coverlet, mantle (3)

    pandō pandere pandi pansum or passum: spread out; open up; reveal (1)

    pandus -a -um: bent, curved, crooked (1)

    pangō pangere pepigī pactum: fasten, fix; settle for, agree upon, contract for (1)

    papilla -ae f.: nipple, breast (2)

    pār paris: equal (2)

    parātus -a -um: prepared, ready (1)

    parcō parcere pepercī parsum: spare, be sparing of (+dat.) (4)

    parcus -a -um: thrifty, frugal (2)

    parens -ntis m./f.: parent (4)

    parentō -āre: make memorial offerings for one’s parents (1)

    Parius -a -um: of Paros (1)

    parō -āre: prepare, acquire (2)

    pars partis f.: part (8)

    parum: too little (1)

    parvus -a -um: small (5)

    pascō pascere pāvī pātum: feed, nourish (1)

    pateō patēre patuī: lie open, extend; be evident or obvious (2)

    pater patris m.: father, ancestor (3)

    paternus -a -um: of a father, paternal; ancestral (1)

    patiens -ntis: long-suffering, patient; hardy (1)

    patienter: (adv.) patiently (1)

    patior patī passus sum: permit, endure (4)

    paucus -a -um: small, few; paucī -ae –a (pl): a little, a few (4)

    pauper -eris: poor, lowly (3)

    pavidus -a -um: trembling, quaking, fearful (1)

    pax pācis f.: peace (2)

    pecten -inis m.: comb (1)

    pectus -oris n.: chest, breast (6)

    pecus -oris n.: cattle, sheep/beast, animal, herd (1)

    pellō pellere pepulī pulsum: strike, beat, push, drive (2)

    pendō pendere pependī pensum: weigh, hang, suspend; pay (2)

    Pēnelopē -ēs f.: Penelope (1)

    penitus: (adv.) utterly, deeply (1)

    pensum -ī n.: wool (1)

    per: through (+acc.) (8)

    peragō -agere -ēgī -actum: pass through; chase; complete (2)

    perarō -āre: incise (1)

    percellō -cellere -culī -culsum: strike down, overturn, shatter (1)

    perdō -dere -didī -ditum: destroy (3)

    perennis -e: continual, perpetual (3)

    pereō -īre -iī -itum: perish, be lost (3)

    perferō -ferre -tulī -lātum: carry through, deliver (2)

    perfidus -a -um: faithless, treacherous, false (1)

    periūrium (pēiūrium) -ī n.: false oath, lie (1)

    periūrō (pēierō) -āre: swear a false oath (2)

    perlegō -legere -lēgī -lectum: read through (1)

    perpetior -petī -pessus sum: bear to the end, endure (1)

    perpetuus -a -um: unbroken, perpetual (2)

    pervigil -ilis: keeping watch all night, awake (1)

    pervigilō -āre: keep vigil (1)

    pēs pedis m.: foot (10)

    petō petere petīvī petītum: seek, aim at (6)

    pharetra -ae f.: quiver (1)

    pharetrātus -a -um: wearing a quiver (1)

    Phoebus -ī m.: Apollo (4)

    Phrygius -a -um: Phrygian, a territory in Asia minor; Trojan (1)

    Pīeris -idos f.: daughter of Pierus, i.e. a Muse (1)

    pingō pingere pinxī pictum: paint, dye (2)

    pinguis -e: lazy; comfortable (1)

    pinna -ae f.: feather, wing (1)

    placeō placēre placuī placitum: please (7)

    plānus -a -um: flat, level (1)

    plaudō plaudere plausī plausum: clap, applaud (for) (+dat.) (1)

    plebs plēbis f.: the common people (1)

    plectō –ere -xī -ctum: beat; punish (2)

    plēnus -a -um: full (3)

    plūma -ae f.: feather, down (2)

    plūs plūris: more (2)

    pōculum -ī n.: drinking-cup, goblet (2)

    poena -ae f.: penalty, punishment (3)

    pollex -icis m.: thumb (1)

    pompa -ae f.: procession, parade (1)

    pōmum -ī n.: fruit tree, fruit (1)

    pondus -eris n.: weight (1)

    pōnō pōnere posuī positum: put, place; put aside (8)

    pontus -ī m.: the open sea, the deep (1)

    pōpuleus -a -um: of the poplar tree (1)

    populus -ī m.: people (1)

    porrigō -rigere -rexī -rectum: stretch out, reach, extend (1)

    porta -ae f.: gate (2)

    portō -āre: carry a load; bear, carry, convey (1)

    poscō poscere poposcī: demand, claim; inquire into (10)

    possideō -sidēre -sēdī -sessum: have in one’s control, possess, hold (1)

    possum posse potuī: be able (18)

    post: after (adv. and prep. +acc.) (2)

    postis -is m.: doorjamb; door (7)

    postmodo: (adv.) later, presently (2)

    potens potentis: able, powerful (1)

    praebeō -ēre -uī -itum: furnish, supply, render (7)

    praecipiō -cipere -cēpī -ceptum: anticipate, advise, warn (1)

    praecipuē: (adv.) especially, particularly (2)

    praeda -ae f.: booty, prey (6)

    praedor -ārī -ātus: plunder, rob (1)

    praeferō -ferre -tulī -lātum: bear before or in front; prefer (1)

    praegustō -āre: taste before (1)

    praemium -ī n.: bounty, reward (2)

    praeripiō -ere -uī -eptum: snatch, carry off (1)

    praestō -stāre -stitī -stitum or -stātum: excel, exhibit (1)

    praeter: by, along, past; besides, except (+acc.) (1)

    praetereō -īre -iī -itum: go by, pass by (2)

    precor -ārī -ātus: pray, invoke (5)

    premō premere pressī pressum: press, pursue, overwhelm (7)

    prendō -ere prendī prensum: to lay hold of, grasp, snatch (1)

    pretium -ī n.: price, worth, reward; pretium operae, a reward for trouble, something worthwhile (6)

    prex precis f.: prayers, entreaties (3)

    Priamēis -idos f.: daughter of Priam, Cassandra (1)

    prīmum: at first, firstly (1)

    prīmus -a -um: first (8)

    prior prius: earlier, preceding (1)

    prō: for, on behalf of, in proportion to (+abl.) (8)

    proavus -ī m.: great-grandfather; ancestor (1)

    probō -āre: approve, prove; convince one (dat.) of a thing (acc.) (2)

    procul: at a distance (2)

    prōcumbō -cumbere -cubuī -cubitum: to fall forwards, sink down, fall prostrate (2)

    prōditiō -ōnis f.: betrayal, abandonment (of a cause) (1)

    prōdō prōdere prōdidī prōditus: project, thrust forward; bring forth, produce, give birth to (1)

    proelium -ī n.: battle (1)

    profiteor -fitērī -fessus sum: declare, claim, acknowledge (1)

    prōiciō -icere iēci -iectum: cast forth, throw out, fling to the ground (2)

    prōmittō -mittere -mīsī -missum: send forth, offer (1)

    properō -āre: hasten, speed (4)

    prōpōnō -pōnere -posuī -positum: put forth, propose, present (1)

    prōsequor -sequī -secūtus sum: follow, accompany, attend (1)

    prostituō -stituere -stituī -stitūtum: prostitute, put to an unworthy use (1)

    prostō -stāre -stitī -stitum: offer oneself for sale (2)

    prōsum prodesse profuī: be of use, do good, help (+dat.) (5)

    prōtegō -tegere -texī -tectum: cover, conceal; protect (2)

    protervē: (adv.) boldly, impudently (1)

    prōtinus: at once, forthwith (2)

    prōveniō -venīre -vēnī -ventum: come forth; come about (2)

    proximus: nearest, next, immediately following (1)

    pruīnōsus -a -um: full of frost, frosty (2)

    pudīcus -a -um: modest, chaste, virtuous (1)

    pudor -ōris m.: sense of shame, modesty, propriety (5)

    puella -ae f.: girl, girl-friend (16)

    puer puerī m.: boy; slave (8)

    pugnō -āre: fight (2)

    pulcher -chra -chrum: beautiful (1)

    pulverulentus -a- um: covered with dust, dusty (1)

    pūpula -ae f.: the pupil (of the eye) (1)

    purpureus -a -um: purple (5)

    pūrus -a -um: clean, pure, innocent (3)

    putō -āre: think, suppose (3)

    — Q —

    quā: where, how (2)

    quaerō -rere -sīvī -sītum: seek, inquire (7)

    quālis -e: of what kind? what? (12)

    quāliscumque quālecumque: whatever kind, whatever sort (1)

    quam: how?; (after comparative) than (11)

    quamlibet: (adv.) however, in whatever degree (1)

    quamvīs: however you like; although (3)

    quandō: when?; since; sī quandō, at any time, at some time, if ever (1)

    quantum: (adv.) how much? how greatly? how much! how greatly! as much as (1)

    quantus -a -um: (interr.) how great? (rel.) of what size, amount, etc. (4)

    quasi: as if (1)

    -que: and (98)

    queror querī questus sum: complain of, lament (3)

    quī quae quod: who, which, what (94)

    quia: because (4)

    quīcumque quaecumque quodcumque: whoever, whatever (3)

    quīdam quaedam quoddam: a certain one, someone (2)

    quidem: certainly, at least (1)

    quiescō quiescere quiēvī quiētum: keep quiet; sleep (1)

    quīn: (adv.) indeed, in fact; (conj.) so that … not (+subj.) (2)

    quinque: (indecl.) five (2)

    Quirīs -ītis m.: the formal term for a Roman citizen (1)

    quis quid: who? what? which? (35)

    quisque quaeque quidque: each one, everyone (3)

    quisquis quidquid: whoever, whichever, whatever, anyone, anything (4)

    quod: because (1)

    quondam: formerly, once (3)

    quoque: also, too (14)

    quot: how many, as many as, every time (1)

    quotiens: how many times? (2)

    — R —

    rādō rādere rāsī rāsum: scratch; inscribe (1)

    rāmus -ī m.: branch (1)

    rapidus -a -um: swift, tearing (1)

    rapīna -ae f.: robbery, plundering, pillage (1)

    rapiō rapere rapuī raptum: seize, tear away (2)

    rārus -a -um: wide apart, loose, thin; rare, seldom (2)

    ratiō -ōnis f.: method, plan, reason (1)

    ratis -is f.: ship (1)

    raucus -a -um: harsh-sounding, noisy (2)

    recens -ntis: fresh, new (1)

    recingō -cingere -cinxī -cinctum: ungird, loosen (1)

    recipiō -cipere -cēpī -ceptum: take back, receive; sē recipere, betake oneself, go back, return (2)

    recompōnō -pōnere -posuī -positum: put back together; readjust, rearrange (1)

    recurvō -āre: bend back; curve backwards (1)

    reddō -dere -didī -ditum: return, give back (5)

    redeō -īre -iī -itum: go back, return (1)

    redimiō -imīre -imiī -imītum: encircle (with a garland) (2)

    reditus -ūs m.: return, revenue (1)

    referō referre rettulī relātum: bring back; report (2)

    refertus -a -um: crammed, bursting with (1)

    refugiō -fugere -fūgī: flee back, run away (1)

    regnō -āre: be king, rule (4)

    regnum -ī n.: kingdom, kingship (1)

    rēiciō -icere -iēcī -iectum: throw back or away; reject with scorn, spurn (1)

    relaxō -āre: loosen, open (1)

    relentescō -ere: slacken; become less ardent (1)

    relevō -āre: lighten, relieve (1)

    religō -āre: tie up, bind fast (1)

    relinquō -linquere -līquī -lictum: abandon (2)

    removeō -movēre -mōvī -mōtum: move back, withdraw, remove (1)

    renovō -āre: restore, refresh, renew (1)

    reparābilis -e: reparable, recoverable (1)

    repellō repellere reppulī repulsum: drive back, repel (3)

    rependō -pendere -pendī -pensum: make up for; balance (1)

    reperiō -perīre -pperī -pertum: find, find out (1)

    repertor -ōris m.: discoverer, inventor (1)

    requiescō - quiescere -quiēvī -quiētum: rest, repose (3)

    rēs reī f.: thing (6)

    resānescō -sānescere -sānuī: be healed (1)

    rescrībō -scrībere -scripsī -scriptum: write back, respond (1)

    resecō -secāre -secuī -sectum: cut, cut back (1)

    resīdō -sīdere -sēdī: sit down, sink down, shrink (1)

    resistō -ere -stitī: stand still, halt, stop short (1)

    respicio -ere -spexī -spectum: look back, regard, consider (1)

    resurgō -surgere -surrexī -surrectum: rise again, reappear (1)

    rēte -tis n.: net, trap (1)

    retineō -tinēre -tinuī -tentum: hold back, keep (2)

    retorqueō -torquēre -torsī -tortum: twist back, bend back (1)

    reus -ī m.: defendant (1)

    revocō -āre: call back, recall (1)

    rex rēgis m.: king (2)

    Rhēsus -ī m.: Rhesus (1)

    rhombus -ī m.: a wooden object which, when attached to a string and twirled in the air, produced a loud hissing sound (1)

    rīdeō -ēre rīsī rīsum: laugh, laugh at (2)

    rigeō -ēre: be stiff, stiffen (1)

    rigidus -a -um: hard, rigid (3)

    rīpa -ae f.: bank of a river (1)

    rītū: (+gen.) in the manner of, like (1)

    rīvālis -is m.: rival (2)

    rōbur -oris n.: oak (1)

    rōdō rōdere rōsī rōsum: gnaw, eat away, erode (1)

    rogō -āre: ask (9)

    Rōma -ae f.: Rome (1)

    rōs -ōris m.: dew (1)

    rosa -ae f.: rose (1)

    roscidus -a -um: bedewed, dewy (1)

    roseus -a -um: rosy (1)

    rota -ae f.: wheel (3)

    rubeō -ēre: redden, blush (3)

    rubor -ōris m.: redness of face, a feeling of shame (1)

    rūga -ae f.: wrinkle (2)

    rūgōsus -a -um: wrinkled (1)

    rusticitās -ātis f.: lack of sophistication (1)

    — S —

    Sabīnus -a -um: Sabine (2)

    sacer sacra sacrum: holy, sacred (3)

    sacrilegus -a -um: guilty of impiety, sacrilegious (1)

    saepe: often (14)

    saevus -a -um: fierce, raging, wrathful (7)

    sagitta -ae f.: arrow (3)

    Samīramis -idis f.: the legendary queen of Assyria (1)

    sanctus -a -um: sacred, inviolable (1)

    sanguinulentus -a -um: bloodied; blood-red (1)

    sanguis -inis m.: blood (5)

    sapiō sapere sapīvī: be wise, be sensible (1)

    satis sat: enough, sufficiently (3)

    saucius -a -um: wounded (1)

    saxum -ī n.: rock, cliff, crag (1)

    scelus -eris n.: crime, sin (5)

    Schoenēis -idos f.: the daughter of Schoenius, Atalanta (1)

    scindō scindere scidī scissum: cut, rend, tear asunder (1)

    sciō -īre -īvī/-iī -ītum: know (4)

    scrībō scrībere scripsī scriptum: write (1)

    sē/sēsē sui sibi: him- her- itself, themselves (6)

    secundus -a -um: following; favorable (2)

    sēcūrus -a -um: free from care, tranquil; careless (1)

    sed: but (11)

    sedeō sedēre sēdī sessum: sit (1)

    sēdulus -a -um: careful, cautious (1)

    segnis -e: slow, slothful (1)

    sēligō -ligere -lēgī -lectum: choose, select (1)

    sēmiadapertus -a -um: half-open (1)

    sēmisupīnus -a -um: half-supine, half-reclining on one’s back (1)

    semper: always, ever (7)

    senecta -ae f.: old age (1)

    senectūs -ūtis f.: old age (1)

    senescō senescere senuī: grow old, deteriorate (1)

    senex -is m.: old man, elder; senior, older (4)

    senīlis -e: of an old man, senile (1)

    sentiō sentīre sensī sensum: perceive, feel, hear, see (8)

    sēparō -āre: sever, separate (1)

    septemplex -icis: sevenfold (1)

    sepulcrum -ī n.: place of burial, tomb, grave (1)

    sequor sequī secūtus sum: follow (5)

    sera -ae f.: bar, bolt (5)

    Sēres -um m.: Chinese (1)

    sermō -ōnis m.: conversation, discourse (1)

    servitium -ī n.: slavery, servitude (1)

    servō -āre: save, watch over (3)

    servus -ī m.: slave (2)

    servus -a -um: of slavery, servile (1)

    sex: six (1)

    : if (36)

    sīc: in this manner, thus; sīc … ut, in the same way as (9)

    siccus -a -um: dry, desiccated (1)

    sīdus -eris n.: star, constellation (5)

    signum -ī n.: sign, standard, mark (4)

    sileō silēre siluī: be still, be silent (2)

    silex -icis m.: flint; any hard stone (2)

    silva -ae f.: forest, grove (3)

    similis -e: like, similar (1)

    Simoīs -oentis m.: a small river near Troy, flowing into the Scamander (1)

    simplex -icis: artless, naïve, lacking guile (1)

    simplicitās -ātis f.: simplicity; lack of sophistication, ignorance (2)

    simulācrum -ī n.: image, effigy, apparition (1)

    simulō -āre: pretend; produce, simulate, feign (3)

    simultās -ātis f.: a state of animosity, a feud (1)

    sine: without (+abl.) (5)

    singulī -ae -a: one each (1)

    sinō sinere sīvī situm: allow, let go (3)

    sinuōsus -a -um: full of windings; sinuous (1)

    sinus -ūs m.: fold of a garment; lap, bay, gulf (4)

    sitis -is f.: thirst (1)

    situs -ūs m.: site, position; neglect, disuse; rot, mold (2)

    sōbrius -a -um: sober, moderate (2)

    socius -a -um: friendly, allied; socius -ī m., partner, comrade (2)

    sōl sōlis m.: sun (1)

    soleō -ēre -uī -itum: be accustomed (2)

    solidus -a -um: dense, firm, solid (1)

    sollemnis -e: customary (1)

    sollers -rtis: clever, skilled (1)

    sollicitō -āre: associated with trouble, troubling (2)

    sollicitus -a -um: troubled (1)

    sōlus -a -um: only, alone (4)

    solvō solvere solvī solūtum: release, set sail (3)

    somnus -ī m.: sleep, slumber; (pl.) dreams (7)

    sonō sonāre sonuī sonitum: sound, resound (1)

    Sophoclēus -a -um: Sophoclean, of Sophocles (1)

    sōpiō sōpīre sōpīvī/iī sōpītum: put to sleep, lull to sleep (1)

    sopōrō sopōrāre: lull to sleep (1)

    sordēs -is f.: filth; greed (1)

    sordidus -a -um: filthy, foul, tarnished by greed (1)

    soror -ōris f.: sister (2)

    sors sortis f.: lot, fate, destiny; oracle (2)

    spargō spargere sparsī sparsum: scatter (1)

    spatiōsus -a -um: wide, spacious, large (2)

    spectābilis -e: visible, notable, remarkable (1)

    spectō -āre: look at, consider (4)

    speculātor -ōris m.: spy, sentinel, look-out, one employed to observe (1)

    speculum -ī n.: mirror (1)

    spērō -āre: to hope (1)

    spēs speī f.: hope (2)

    spīculum -ī n.: sharp point, sting, arrow (1)

    spissus -a -um: close, dense, thick (1)

    splendidus -a -um: shining, clear, brilliant, splendid (1)

    spolium -ī n.: plunder, spoils (1)

    spondeō -ēre spopondī sponsum: make a solemn promise (1)

    sponte: (abl. sg. as adv.) naturally, by nature; voluntarily (2)

    statiō -ōnis: position (1)

    stella -ae f.: star (1)

    sternō sternere strāvī strātum: spread out; strike down, lay low (1)

    stillō -āre: drip with (1)

    stipula -ae f.: stubble (1)

    stō stāre stetī statum: stand (5)

    strātum -ī n.: bedding, coverlet; (often in pl.) bed (1)

    strēnuus -a -um: brisk, prompt, vigorous (2)

    stringō stringere strinxī strictum: unsheathe (2)

    strix strigis f.: screech owl (1)

    studium -ī n.: eagerness, zeal (1)

    suādeō suādēre suāsī suāsum: recommend, advise (1)

    sub: under, close to (+acc. or abl.) (6)

    subdūcō -dūcere -duxī -ductum: draw up, raise; remove, take away (1)

    subeō -īre -iī -itum: go under; endure (4)

    subiciō -icere -iēcī -iectum: throw under, place under, lift (1)

    sublīmis -e: lofty, elevated (1)

    sublūceō -lūcēre: shine faintly, glimmer, gleam (1)

    subscrībō -scrībere -scripsī -scriptum: write under, write beneath (1)

    succurrō -currere -currī -cursum: run quickly, come to mind (1)

    sum esse fuī: be, exist (150)

    summus -a -um: highest, uppermost; final (5)

    sūmō sūmere sumpsī sumptum: take up (5)

    super: over (adv. and prep. +acc.) (3)

    superbus -a -um: overbearing, proud, haughty (1)

    supercilium -ī n.: eyebrow (1)

    superō -āre: overcome, surpass, defeat (1)

    superstes -itis: surviving, remaining alive after death (1)

    supersum -esse -fuī: remain, survive; be superfluous (to) (1)

    supplex -icis: kneeling, supplicating, suppliant (1)

    supprimō -primere -pressī -pressum: hold back, check (1)

    suprēmus -a -um: highest, uppermost; final (1)

    surdus -a -um: deaf (3)

    surgō surgere surrexī surrectum: rise (8)

    surripiō -ripere -ripuī -reptum: take away secretly, steal (1)

    suspendium -ī n.: act of hanging oneself, a hanging; gallows (1)

    suspendō -pendere -pendī -pensum: suspend, hold up, check, keep under control (1)

    suspicor -ārī: suspect, suppose (2)

    sustineō sustinēre sustinuī: hold up, sustain (7)

    suus -a -um: his own, her own, its own (20)

    Sygamber -bra -brum: of the Sygambri (1)

    — T —

    tabella -ae f.: flat board, tablet; (pl.) writing tablet (6)

    tabula -ae f.: account-book, ledger (1)

    taceō -ēre -uī -itum: be silent; tacitus -a -um, silent (4)

    Tagus -ī m.: the river Tagus (1)

    tālis tāle: such (6)

    tam: so, so much (6)

    tamen: nevertheless, still (19)

    tamquam: so as, just as (2)

    tangō tangere tetigī tactum: touch (8)

    tantus -a -um: so great, so much (4)

    tardus -a -um: slow, sluggish, lingering (2)

    Tatius -iī m.: Tatius (1)

    taurus -ī m.: bull (2)

    tectum -ī n.: roof; building, house (2)

    tegō tegere texī tectum: cover, conceal (5)

    tēlum -ī n.: missile, weapon, spear (1)

    temerārius -a -um: accidental; thoughtless, impetuous (1)

    temere: (adv.) at random, casually (1)

    temerō -āre: violate, desecrate, defile (1)

    tempē: (indecl. noun, n. pl.) the Vale of Tempe in Thessaly; any pleasant valley (1)

    temperō -āre: set bounds, control, regulate (1)

    templum -ī n.: consecrated ground; temple (1)

    temptō -āre: try, test; attack (2)

    tempus -oris n.: time (8)

    tempus -oris n.: the side of the forehead, temple (2)

    tendō tendere tetendī tentum: stretch, extend, direct (one’s steps or course) (2)

    tenebrae -brārum f. pl.: darkness, the shadows (1)

    Tenedos -ī f.: Tenedos (island) (1)

    teneō -ēre -uī tentum: hold, keep (6)

    tener -era -erum: tender (5)

    tenuis -e: slender, thin (2)

    tenuō -āre: make thin, make fine (1)

    tepidus -a -um: warm, tepid (2)

    ter: (adv.) three times, thrice (2)

    tergum -ī n.: back, rear; ā tergō, from the rear (3)

    terra -ae f.: land (3)

    testificor -ārī: give proof of (1)

    testis -is m.: witness (3)

    thalamus -ī m.: marriage bed; bedchamber (2)

    Thēseus -eī m.: Theseus (1)

    Thrācius -a -um: Thracian (1)

    Thrēicius -a -um: Thracian (1)

    Tibullus -ī m.: Tibullus (1)

    tigris tigris m.: tiger (1)

    timeō -ēre -uī: fear, dread (9)

    timidus -a -um: fearful, timid, shy (2)

    timor -ōris m.: fear (2)

    tingō tingere tinxī tinctum: wet, moisten; dye, color (1)

    Tīthōnus -ī m.: Tithonus (1)

    Tītyrus -ī m.: one of the shepherds in Virgil’s Eclogues and the first word of Eclogue 1 (1)

    tollō tollere sustulī sublātum: raise up, destroy (2)

    torqueō torquēre torsī tortum: twist, wrench; torment, torture (3)

    torrens -ntis m.: a rushing stream, torrent (1)

    torus -ī m.: bed, couch, cushion (5)

    tot: so many (1)

    tōtus -a -um: whole, entire (10)

    trabs -is f.: beam, tree (1)

    tractō -āre: draw, drag, haul (1)

    trādō -dere -didī -ditum: hand over, yield (1)

    trahō trahere traxī tractum: drag, draw (1)

    trāiciō -icere -iēcī -iectum: throw across; pierce, pass through (1)

    trānseō -īre -iī -itum: go across (3)

    tremō tremere tremuī: tremble, quake (2)

    trēs tria: three (1)

    tribūnal -ālis n.: tribunal (1)

    tribuō tribuere tribuī tribūtum: grant, bestow, award (1)

    tristis -e: sad, solemn, grim (3)

    triumphō -āre: triumph, have a triumph (3)

    triumphus -ī m.: triumph, triumphal procession (6)

    trivium -ī n.: (often pl.) a crossroads, gutter (1)

    Trōs Trōis m.: Trojan, man of Troy (1)

    tū tuī tibi tē: you (sing.) (84)

    tueor tuērī tūtus sum: protect, especially in a military sense (2)

    tum or tunc: then (6)

    tumeō tumēre tumuī: swell, puff up (1)

    tumidus -a -um: swollen, tumid; enraged, violent (2)

    tundō tundere tutudī tunsum: to pound, strike (1)

    tunica -ae f.: tunic (4)

    turba -ae f.: crowd, uproar (4)

    turpis -e: ugly, unsightly; disgraceful (11)

    tūtus -a -um: safe, protected (2)

    tuus -a -um: your (40)

    Tȳdīdēs -ae m.: the son of Tydeus, Diomedes (2)

    — U —

    ubi: where, when (2)

    ūdus -a -um: wet, damp (2)

    ullus -a -um: any, anyone (2)

    ultimus -a -um: farthest, final, last, ultimate (1)

    ultor -ōris m.: avenger, punisher (1)

    umbra -ae f.: shade, shadow (6)

    ūmeō -ēre: be wet, moist (1)

    umerus -ī m.: shoulder (2)

    umquam: ever (3)

    unda -ae f.: wave, flowing water, water (1)

    undēnī -ae -a: eleven each, eleven at a time (1)

    unguis -is m.: fingernail; claw, talon (2)

    ūnus -a -um: one (5)

    urbs urbis f.: city (4)

    urgeō urgēre ursī: press, drive on; urge, insist (1)

    urna -ae f.: urn, pitcher (1)

    ūrō ūrere ussī ustum: burn (5)

    usque: up to; continuously (6)

    ūsus -ūs m.: use, experience (6)

    ut utī: as (+ indic.); so that, with the result that (+ subj.) (22)

    uterque utraque utrumque: each of two (6)

    ūtilis -e: useful (2)

    ūtor ūtī ūsus sum: use, consume, employ (+ abl.) (1)

    ūva -ae f.: grape (2)

    uxor uxōris f.: wife (1)

    — V —

    vacca -ae f.: cow (1)

    vacō vacāre: be empty, open, unoccupied (2)

    vacuus -a -um: empty (3)

    vadimōnium -ī n.: guarantee, contract (1)

    valeō valēre valuī valītum: be strong, excel, be valid, prevail; valē, farewell! (11)

    vallēs -is f.: vale, valley (1)

    vallum -ī n.: palisade (1)

    vānescō -ere: disappear, vanish (1)

    vanus -a -um: empty; false, deceitful (1)

    vapor -ōris m.: vapor, steam; heat (1)

    variō -āre: vary, diversify; adorn with various colors (1)

    Varrō -ōnis m.: Varro (1)

    vārus -a -um: crooked, bent; diverse, different (1)

    vātēs -is m.: poet, bard (4)

    -ve: or (2)

    vehō vehere vexī vectum: carry; vehor vehī vectus sum, travel, ride, carry, bring (2)

    vel: or else, or; vel … vel, either … or (7)

    vēlāmen -inis n.: covering, garment (1)

    vēlō -āre: cover, clothe (1)

    vēlum -ī n.: sail; fabric (2)

    vēna -ae f.: vein (1)

    vendō -dere -didī -ditum: sell, vend (3)

    venēnum -ī n.: drug, venom; dye (2)

    venia -ae f.: favor, indulgence; pardon, forgiveness (1)

    veniō venīre vēnī ventum: come (15)

    venter -ris m.: stomach, belly (1)

    ventilō -āre: wave, fan; brandish (2)

    ventus -ī m.: wind (4)

    Venus -eris f.: Venus (14)

    verber -eris n.: whip; a beating or blow with a whip (4)

    verbōsus -a -um: wordy, verbose (1)

    verbum -ī n.: word (9)

    vērē: truly (1)

    verēcundus -a -um: bashful, modest, shy (1)

    verrō verrere verrī versum: sweep, sweep over, skim (1)

    versō -āre: turn, spin; turn back and forth, twist; torment (4)

    versus -ūs m.: line of writing, line of verse (3)

    vertex -icis m.: a whirl, whirlwind; summit, top of the head (2)

    vertō vertere vertī versum: transform (2)

    vērus -a -um: true (3)

    vēsānus -a -um: wild, frenzied, insane (2)

    vester vestra vestrum: your (1)

    vestīgium -ī n.: footstep, footprint, track (1)

    vestis -is f.: garment, robe, clothing (5)

    vetō -āre vetuī vetītum: forbid (1)

    vetus veteris: old (2)

    vexō -āre: attack constantly, harass, vex (1)

    via -ae f.: way, street (2)

    viātor -ōris m.: traveler, wayfarer (1)

    vibrō -āre: vibrate, shake, move to and fro (1)

    vīcīnus -a -um: neighboring, near (1)

    vicis (gen.) f.: repayment of a good turn, requital (1)

    victor -ōris m.: conqueror (2)

    victrix -cis: victorious, triumphant (1)

    videō vidēre vīdī vīsum: see (18)

    vigil -ilis m.: sentry, guard (1)

    vīlis -e: cheap, worthless; contemptible; of inferior rank (2)

    vincō vincere vīcī victum: conquer (8)

    vinculum -ī n.: bond, fetter, tie (4)

    vindex -icis m.: champion, defender; avenger (1)

    vindicta -ae f.: vengeance, punishment (1)

    vīnum -ī n.: vine, wine (5)

    violentus -a -um: violent, savage (1)

    violō -āre: profane, dishonor, treat with violence, violate (1)

    vir virī m.: man (16)

    virgineus -a -um: maidenly, of a virgin (1)

    virgō -inis f.: maiden, virgin, girl (2)

    viridis -e: green (1)

    vīrus -ī n.: bodily fluid, secretion (1)

    vīs f.: force; (acc.) vim, (abl.) ; (pl.) vīrēs, strength, force (4)

    viscus -eris n.: internal organs; womb (1)

    vīta -ae f.: life (1)

    vītis -is f.: vine, grapevine (1)

    vitium -ī n.: flaw, fault, crime (1)

    vitreus -a -um: glassy (1)

    vītricus -ī m.: stepfather (1)

    vittātus -a -um: bound up by a fillet (a strip of fabric worn by women or in religious rituals) (1)

    vīvō vīvere vixī victum: live (6)

    vīvus -a -um: alive, living (2)

    vix: scarcely (3)

    vocō -āre: call (3)

    volātilis -e: flying, fleeting (1)

    volitō -āre: fly around (1)

    volō velle voluī: wish, be willing (20)

    volō -āre: fly (1)

    voltur volturis m.: vulture (1)

    voluptās -ātis f.: pleasure, enjoyment (3)

    volvō volvere volvī volūtum: roll, wind, twist round (1)

    vōs: you (pl.); (gen.) vestrum/vestrī, (dat./abl.) vōbīs, (acc.) vōs (7)

    vōtum -ī n.: solemn promise, vow; hope (3)

    vox vōcis f.: voice, utterance (6)

    vulgus -ī n. and m.: the common people (3)

    vulnus -eris n.: wound (2)

    vultus -ūs m.: look, expression, face (10)

    — Z —

    Zephyrus -ī m.: a gentle west wind, the western breeze, zephyr (1)

    zōna -ae f.: girdle (1)

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