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7.3: Indirect Object Pronouns

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    44576
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    Before we start with Indirect Object Pronouns, it is important to review a couple of terms first:

    Subject: The do-er of the action

    Verb: The action, conjugated based on the Subject/ Do-er of the action

    The Direct Object receives the action. 

               To easily identify the direct object, ask yourself who or what is being “verbed.”

    From there, the The Indirect Object  receives the direct object OR can be identified by               determining  to whom / for whom / from whom an action with a direct object is done.

    For example:

    I send my mom flowers./ Le mando flores (a mi mamá).

    What’s being verbed? - - - The flowers/ flores

    Who received the flowers? - - - My mom/ le...a mi mamá

    I give my friends gifts./ Les doy regalos (a mis amigos).

    What’s being verbed? - - - The gifts/ regalos

    To whom was it given? - - - My friends/ les...a mis amigos

    I make lunches for my kids./ Les preparo lonches (a mis hijos).

    What’s being verbed? - - - The lunches/ lonches

    For whom were they made? - - - My kids/ les…a mis hijos

    The doctor is going to take a blood test (from me)/

    El médico (a mí) me va a sacar una prueba de sange –o– “va a sacarme”

    What’s being verbed? - - - The blood test/ la prueba de sangre

    From whom was it taken? - - - Me/ (a  mí)...me

    When you have an indirect object in Spanish, you MUST use the indirect object pronoun, which  is out of the ordinary (since we normally use pronouns as replacements).

    Native speakers often use BOTH the indirect object and the indirect object pronoun for added        clarification, emphasis, or just because they are in the habit of doing so.  When using the actual indirect object, be sure to put “a” in front of the person’s name, title, or pronoun.  I like to call it Additional or “A”ptional information.

    Yes, it is strange that the indirect object pronoun is required and the indirect object itself is       optional.  Yes, it is redundant to use both. However, it is consider correct grammar and native speakers use both together all the time.

     

     

    The indirect object

    “A”ptional, Additional Information is used to clarify, to add emphasis, or “just   because.”

    Where the Additional information goes in the sentence is quite flexible.

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    The indirect object      pronoun

    When you have an indirect object in your sentence, the pronoun is required.

    Shows to whom/ for whom/ from whom an  action with a direct object is done.

    The indirect Object Pronoun goes in front of  the conjugated verb.

    It can also be attached to an infinitive or an  affirmative command:

    Tienes que decirme la verdad.

    ¡Dime la verdad!

     

     

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    Actividad 6

    Los complementos indirectos.  Fill in the blank with the correct indirect object pronoun.  Use the Additional information provided in each sentence to help you.

     

    1. Mis abuelos _____________ regalan calcetines para la Navidad a mi hermano y a mí.

    2. Yo ______________ preparo la comida a mis hijos.

    3. Yo _____________ doy de comer a mis perros dos veces al día.

    4. Profesora, ¿usted _____________ va a dar una prueba a nosotros mañana?

    5. Mi amor, a ti __________ doy mi corazón. 

     

    Actividad 7

    Los complementos indirectos, a continuaciónFill in the blank with the correct indirect  object pronoun, using the     Additional information to help you.  Then, identify the Subject and Verb of the sentence.

     

    1. Mi novio nunca ________________ da flores a mí.

    Subject:

    Verb:

    2. Mi familia y yo ____________ mandamos cartas a mi abuela porque ella no tiene email.

    Subject:

    Verb:

    3. Los profesores ________________ dan tarea a sus            estudiantes.

    Subject:

    Verb:

    4. Mi hermana ________________ pide dinero a mi padre.

    Subject:

    Verb:

    5. Marisol _______________ enseña trucos a su perro.

    Subject:

    Verb:

    6. Mi abuela ____________ da besitos a mí. 

    Subject:

    Verb:

    7. Los técnicos de radiología ___________ sacan radiografías a sus pacientes. 

    Subject:

    Verb:

    8. Yo __________ pido direcciones a Siri. 

    Subject:

    Verb:

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    Actividad 8

    Las traducciones.  Fill in the blanks to complete the translations below.  Use the word bank of verbs to assist you.

    Dar – to give      Prestar – to loan         Pedir (e:i) – to order         Mandar – to send

    Leer – to read    Servir (e:i) – to serve               Decir (e:i) – to say/to tell (yo form digo)

    Alquilar – to rent              Traer – to bring (yo form traigo)  Enseñar – to teach

    Hacer – to make/ to do (yo form hago)        Repetir (e:i) – to repeat

    I read a book to my daughters.

      Yo _______  ____________ un libro a _________________.

    The professor teaches us a lot of vocabulary.

     La profesora _______    ______________  mucho vocabulario.

    My girlfriend brings me coffee.

    Mi novia _______  ______________ café.

    I don’t loan my sister clothing.

    Yo no _______  ___________ ropa a ___________________.

    My sister repeats the gossip to my mom.

    Mi hermana _____  __________ los chismes a ___________.

    My boyfriend gives me a kiss.

    Mi novio _______  _____________ un beso.

    My dad orders calamari for the group.

    Mi papá _______  _____________ calamares al grupo.

    We tell you guys the good news.

    Nosotros _____  ________ las buenas       noticias a __________.

    Who makes cookies for you (informal)?

    ¿Quién _______  _____________ galletas?

    I rent my house to my friends.

    Yo _______  ____________ mi casa a __________________.

    Nobody tells me anything.

    Nadie _______  _____________ nada.

    They don’t serve my husband lobster.

    Ellos no _____  _________ langosta a __________________.

     

     

     

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