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3.1: Lectura cultural

  • Page ID
    44538
  • Cada año en marzo, la gente de Valencia, España celebra unas fiestas llamadas Las Fallas. Hay cinco días de fiesta (15—19 de marzo), con desfiles y espectáculos pirotécnicos. En preparación para las fiestas, cada barrio de Valencia construye una gran escultura de papel maché llamada un ninot. Más o menos, hay 750 barrios que participan. Los ninots cuestan mucho dinero y los artistas pasan meses creándolos. Hay un concurso para elegir el mejor ninot de la ciudad. La noche del 19 de marzo, alrededor de la medianoche, se queman todos los ninots (menos el que gana el concurso). Las Fallas vienen de una tradición pagana en la cual se quemaba la basura del invierno para celebrar la llegada de la primavera. Ahora, es una fiesta dedicada a San José y es un símbolo de la renovación y renacimiento que trae la primavera. Con esta fiesta, los valencianos se olvidan del estrés y de los errores del año pasado.

    Y tú, como estudiante de español, debes aprender a despedirte de los errores. Cada error es una oportunidad de aprender— nadie aprende a hablar una lengua extranjera sin cometer miles y miles de errores.

    Before beginning this chapter, it is important to recognize which skills and tasks you will be expected to learn to perform. Do you already have some previous skills or knowledge in these areas that you can use to your advantage? Are there any topics that you foresee being difficult? If so, it is a good idea to pursue additional assistance to get ahead of any potential issues. You are the master of your education—you have the power to take ownership of your learning!

    After Completing this chapter, I will be able to:

    • Recall vocabulary related to –AR verbs
    • Interpret questions using –AR verbs
    • Conjugate –AR verbs to ask questions and express my thoughts and ideas
    • Express my thoughts and ideas using two-verb constructions
    • Discuss things that I have to do
    • Recall question words
    • Create questions using question words and without using question words
    • Recall vocabulary related to –ER and –IR verbs
    • Interpret questions using regular and irregular –ER and -IR verbs
    • Conjugate regular and irregular –ER and –IR verbs to ask questions and express my thoughts and ideas
    • Recognize the value in making mistakes

    Pre-chapter activity

    Pre-activity: An important part of this chapter involves using verbs to discuss actions that we commonly do, as well as learning to manipulate verbs in order to reflect who is doing the action. In this activity, you will interpret information from a dating profile and reflect upon what you learn about this person. You will then create a similar statement about yourself, which you will then relay to a partner. When your partner relays their information to you, you will make note of the information they share with you.

    During-activity:

    Paso uno: Read the excerpt below from a person’s dating profile.

    Tengo 32 años. Bailo salsa. Cocino muy bien. Viajo a México una vez por año. Estudio medicina. No tomo drogas. Leo muchos libros y escribo poemas de amor. ¿Buscas a alguien como yo?

    Paso dos: Respond to the following questions for reflection.

    1. ¿Te interesa esta persona? __________________________________________________

    2. ¿Por qué sí o por qué no? __________________________________________________

    3. ¿Qué tienes en común con esta persona? _______________________________________

    ________________________________________________________________________

    4. ¿Qué no tienes en común con esta persona? _____________________________________

    ________________________________________________________________________

    5. What do you notice that many of the verbs they use have in common? ________________

    ________________________________________________________________________

    Paso tres: Based on what you have seen so far, write three sentences about what you do. Write one sentence about what you do not do.

    __________________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________

     

     

    Paso cuatro: Without looking at the sentences you have written, tell a partner about what you do and don’t do. Record yourself using your smartphone, listen to it, and consider any necessary revisions. Then, tell your partner your personal information again. Record this second round as well. Switch roles and repeat the process for your partner.

    Paso cinco: Interpret the information your partner shares with you, writing out what you hear in Spanish and then writing the English equivalent.

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    Post-activity: Exchange papers and double check that your partner was able to correctly interpret the personal information that you shared with them. Lastly, each of you will listen to both of the recordings you made and compare your Round 1 recording to your Round 2 recording, listening for improvements and making note of anything that remains uncertain. Ask your instructor for help with any questions you have!

     

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