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2.21: Putting It Together- ¿Eres estudiante?

  • Page ID
    • Erica Brown, Alejandra Escudero, María Cristina Montoya, & Elizabeth Small
    • SUNY Oneonta via OER SUNY
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    See below for a review summary to help you complete the assignments and prepare for the quiz to demonstrate your mastery of the objectives.


    Días y Meses

    Días de la semana (Days of the week):

    1. lunes
    2. martes
    3. miércoles
    4. jueves
    5. viernes
    6. sábado
    7. domingo

    Meses del año (Months of the year)

    1. enero
    2. febrero
    3. marzo
    4. abril
    5. mayo
    6. junio
    7. julio
    8. agosto
    9. septiembre
    10. octubre
    11. noviembre
    12. diciembre


    Palabras útiles

    hoy (today)

    ¿Qué día es hoy? (What day is today?)
    Hoy es … (Today is…)

    ayer (yesterday)
    anteayer (the day before yesterday)
    mañana (tomorrow)
    pasado mañana (the day after tomorrow)
    en tres días (in three days)
    que viene (next, coming)

    el lunes que viene (next Monday)

    siempre (always)

    Los sábados siempre nadamos. (On Saturdays we always swim.)


    La fecha

    • The verb ser is used to give dates:
      • Hoy es el 20 de mayo.
    • To expand dates to include years, use the preposition de (of):
      • Es el 4 de julio de 1776.
    • On the first day of the month use the ordinal number “el primero” (first) and not “el uno”.
      • Es el primero de enero de 2020.
    • Remember that masculine forms of the numbers are always used with dates, and months are not capitalized unless they begin a sentence:
      • Enero es mi mes favorito.
    • Also remember, to say “in a certain month” use the preposition en (in):
      • Voy a Guatemala en abril.
    • However, to say “on a certain day” / “on certain days” use the definite article el / los:
      • Me voy el lunes.


    Singular subject pronouns:

    yo I
    you (informal)
    usted you (formal)
    él he
    ella she

    Plural subjects:



    / nosotras * 



    / vosotras ** 

    you (informal in Spain)


    / ellas

    ustedes  you (formal in Spain; formal and informal elsewhere)

    *Nosotros (we) has a feminine nosotras that is used when the entire group is composed of females. Likewise, vosotros and ellos have feminine forms vosotras and ellas.

    ** In Latin America, vosotros is almost unheard of, and ustedes is exclusively used for the plural “you” in both formal and informal speaking.

    ser (to be)
    singular plural
    yo soy   nosotros somos

    tú eres 

    vosotros sois*

    él es / ella es / usted es  ellos son / ellas son / ustedes son


    Los colores

    • rojo (red)
    • amarillo (yellow)
    • azul (blue)
    • verde (green)
    • morado (purple)
    • anaranjado (orange)
    • rosado (pink)
    • blanco (white)
    • negro (black)
    • marrón (brown)
    • gris (gray)
    • azul oscuro (dark blue)
    • azul claro (light blue)
    • claro (clear or light)
    • oscuro (dark)
    • colorido (colorful)
    • descolorido (colorless)
    • opaco (dull, opaque)

    Algunos adjetivos:

    • interesante (interesting)
    • inteligente (intelligent)
    • importante (important)
    • grande (big)
    • amable (nice)
    • feliz (happy)
    • alegre (joyful)
    • fácil (easy)
    • difícil (difficult)
    • paciente/ impaciente (patient/impatient)
    • idealista/realista (idealistic/realistic)
    • optimista/pesimista (optimistic/pessimistic)
    • sociable (sociable)
    • egoísta (selfish)


    Contributors and Attributions

    • Putting It Together: u00bfEres estudiante?. Authored by: Lumen Learning. License: CC BY: Attribution

    This page titled 2.21: Putting It Together- ¿Eres estudiante? is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Erica Brown, Alejandra Escudero, María Cristina Montoya, & Elizabeth Small (OER SUNY) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.