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3.1: Los Saludos y ¿Usted o Tú?- Forms of Address

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    Listen to the pronunciation of the vocabulary listed below.

    Table 3.1. Chapter 3 Vocabulary.
    Saludos Greetings
    Buenos días Good morning
    Buenas tardes Good afternoon
    Buenas noches Goodnight
    ¡Hola! Hi (informal)
    ¿Cómo se llama (usted)? What’s your name? (formal)
    ¿Cómo te llamas (tú)? What’s your name? (informal)
    Yo me llamo… My name is…
    Encantado(a) It’s a pleasure
    Mucho gusto It’s a pleasure
    Igualmente Likewise
    ¿Cómo está (usted)? How are you? (formal)
    ¿Cómo estás (tú)? How are you? (informal)
    ¿Qué tal? What’s up? (informal)
    (Muy) bien, gracias. (Very) well, thank you
    (Muy) mal. (Very) badly
    Más o menos. So so.
    ¿Y usted? And you? (formal)
    ¿Y tú? And you? (informal)
    Adiós Goodbye
    Buenas noches Goodnight
    Chau Bye (informal)
    Hasta luego See you later
    Hasta mañana See you tomorrow
    Hasta pronto See you soon

    ¿Usted o Tú?: Forms of Address

    In general, is used with friends, family, and children. Usted is used to express politeness, formality, and social distance.

    Two photographs of rapper Tupac: one casual fashion, one formal fashion. Labelled Tupac and Ustedpac.
    Figure 3.1. Tú and Usted meme. Adapted from [Adam.the.Creator].

    Para pensar

    Linguistic differences can teach us a great deal about cultural differences. Do you think it is significant that Spanish-speaking cultures have two different words for “you,” while English-speaking cultures do not, or do you think it’s just a coincidence? How does English distinguish formal from informal relationships?

    This section includes content derived from Introduction to French (2nd ed.), originally released under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0, Liberté, originally released under CC BY-NC-SA, and Francais Interactif, originally released under CC BY 3.0.

    This page titled 3.1: Los Saludos y ¿Usted o Tú?- Forms of Address is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Rita Palacios via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.

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