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9.1.14: G.4.4- Present Perfect (el presente perfecto)

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    To form the present perfect, use the present tense of HABER + past participle.

    Haber + Hablar Comer Vivir
    yo he hablado comido vivido
    él/ella/Ud. ha
    nosotros/as hemos
    vosotros/as habéis
    ellos/ellas/Uds. han

    Irregular Past Participles

    • decir → dicho
    • escribir → escrito
    • hacer → hecho
    • poner → puesto
    • romper → roto
    • ver → visto

    Uses of the Present Perfect

    To indicate that an action or event took place in the past, but is still applicable in the present. It is commonly seen in, “Have you…?” questions.


    --¿Has visto la nueva película de Javier Bardem?
    Have you seen Javier Bardem’s new movie?

    --No, todavía no la he visto.
    No, I haven’t seen it yet.

    --¿Han viajado Uds. a España una vez?
    Have you ever traveled to Spain?

    --No, no hemos viajado fuera de los EE.UU.
    No, we’ve never traveled outside of the U.S.

    --Sam ha leído todo el capítulo pero no entiende el material.
    Sam has read the whole chapter, but he doesn’t understand the material.

    --¿Ha ido a ver a su instructora durante sus horas de oficina?
    Has he gone to see his instructor during her office hours?

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