# 6.7: §51. Chapter 6- Exercises

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1. By using one of the suffixes -(I)TAS, -ITUDO, or -ITIA, form a Latin abstract noun from each of the following Latin adjectives, and then show the English noun derivative:

 Latin adjective Latin noun English noun e.g. dignus (worthy) dignitas dignity (also dainty) a. severus (stern) __________________ ____________________ b. beatus (blessed) __________________ ____________________ c. avarus (greedy) __________________ ____________________ d. socius (allied) __________________ ____________________ e. integer (whole) __________________ ____________________ f. aptus (fit) __________________ ____________________

2. The following English abstract nouns are of Germanic origin; can you think of parallel English nouns (semantic and structural counterparts) derived from Latin?

 Nouns in -(I)TY (< -(I)TAS) Nouns in -ITUDE (< -ITUDO) a. freedom _______________ f. height _______________ b. wordiness _______________ g. breadth _______________ c. stillness _______________ h. strength _______________ d. darkness _______________ i. loneliness _______________ e. ripeness _______________ j. greatness _______________

3. Look up the etymology of the English word city, and write down the main stages in its evolution from the original Latin root:

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4. The following English nouns have been disguised during their transmission through French. Find the Latin abstract noun and Latin adjective from which each is derived:

 Latin Abstract Noun Latin Adjective (meaning) a. < poverty __________ < __________ __________ b. < bounty __________ < __________ __________ c. < dainty __________ < __________ __________ d. < frailty __________ < __________ __________

5. Give a schematic analysis for each of the following words:

 e.g. vitality < L vitalitas: noun base vit– (vita, “life”) + adj. suffix –alis (“pertaining to”) + noun suffix –itas a. femininity ___________________________________________________________ b. originality ___________________________________________________________ c. longitude ___________________________________________________________ d. luminosity ___________________________________________________________ e. acrimonious ___________________________________________________________ f. spirituality ___________________________________________________________

For Key to Exercises (Latin), see Appendix I.

This page titled 6.7: §51. Chapter 6- Exercises is shared under a CC BY license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Peter L. Smith (BCCampus) .