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6.7: Key Vocabulary and Useful Expressions

  • Page ID
    187458
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    Key Vocabulary

    IPA English
    m’səl-menh yesterday
    t’ngai-nih today
    s’aek tomorrow
    khae-mun last month
    khae-kraoy next month
    nih this
    noh that
    dtii noh there
    m’dɔɔng dtiat again
    bpeel-naa when
    bɔng-rian to teach
    dtouw to go
    mook to come

    Key Expressions

    IPA English
    Khnhom baan bɔng-rian pia-saa Khmer. I taught Khmer.
    Koat baan dtouw kam-bpu-jia chnam-mun. He went to Cambodia last year.
    Neak baan dtouw kam-bpu-jia bpeel-naa? When did you go to Cambodia?

    Summary of Grammar Points

    Grammar Point Summary
    Past tense in Khmer To express a past-tense action, the particle Baan “បាន” is placed in front of the the main verb. However, the particle is often omitted when the context is clear or the past expressions are introduced in the sentence

    Examples:

    • I learned Khmer last yearKhnhom baan rian pia-saa Khmer chnam-mun. ខ្ញុំបានរៀនភាសាខ្មែរឆ្នាំមុន។
    • I drank tea yesterday. Khnhom baan pək dtae m’səl-menh. ខ្ញុំបានផឹកតែម្សិលមិញ។
    Nih “This” and time expressions To indicate a more specific period of time, expression such as Bprək-nih “this morning”, Aa-dtet-nih “this week, Khae-nih “this month” and Chnam-nih “this year” are used.
    Time expressions In Cambodian, verbs are not conjugated to indicate past or future. Time expressions such as M’səl-menh “Yesterday”, T’ngai-nih “Today” and S’aek “Tomorrow” are used to indicate tenses. Another way to express past or future tense is to add “Mun” or “Kraoy”.

    This page titled 6.7: Key Vocabulary and Useful Expressions is shared under a CC BY-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Vathanak Sok via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.