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3.4: Dialogue 4

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    Michael has settled into his new apartment. Ms. Honda is checking if he needs anything.

    Honda: Isu toka tsukue, arimasu ka. Do you have things like chairs and desks?

    いすとか 机 つくえ 、ありますか。

    Michael: Hai, isu mo tsukue mo arimasu. Yes, I have both chairs and desks.

    はい、いすも 机 つくえ もあります。

    Daijoubu desu. I’m fine.

    大丈夫 だいじょうぶ です。

    Honda: Hontou desu ka. Terebi wa? No kidding. How about a television?

    本当 ほんとう ですか。テレビは?

    Michael: Aa, terebi wa irimasen. Oh, a television I don’t need.



    isu いす chair

    toka とか such (things) as

    tsukue つくえ 机 desk

    isu toka tsukue いすとかつくえ いすとか机 things like chairs and a desk

    ~mo ~mo 〜も〜も both ~ and ~

    isu mo tsukue mo いすもつくえも いすも机も both chairs and desks

    daijoubu だいじょうぶ(な)大丈夫 fine, safe, okay

    hontou ほんとう 本当 truth, reality, fact

    terebi てれび テレビ television

    +ya や such (things) as

    +teeburu てえぶる テーブル table

    +beddo べっど ベッド bed

    +reizouko れいぞうこ 冷蔵庫 refrigerator

    +sentaku (shimasu) せんたく 洗濯 laundry

    +sentaku-ki せんたくき 洗濯機 washing machine

    +souji (shimasu) そうじ 掃除 cleaning

    +souji-ki そうじき 掃除機 vacuum cleaner

    +eakon えあこん エアコン air conditioner

    Grammar Notes

    X toka Y, X ya Y

    /Noun to ka Noun/ means that the referenced nouns are examples of the category under discussion. /Noun ya Noun/ is its more formal version. More than two examples can be listed, but it’s unusual to have more than three or four.

    Isu toka tsukue, arimasu ka. Do you have things like chairs and desks?

    Isu ya tsukue arimasu ka. Do you have things like chairs and desks?

    Isu toka tsukue toka terebi, arimasu ka. Do you have things like a chair, desk, and TV?

    Toka does not require another noun to follow it while ya does. Therefore, the following are possible.

    Keitai toka tsukaimasu ka. Do you use things like smartphone?

    Keitai toka sumaho toka tsukaimaus ka. Do you use things like cellphones and smartphones?

    X mo Y mo ‘both X and Y’ ‘neither X nor Y’

    X mo Y mo means ‘both X and Y’ in an affirmative sentence and ‘neither X nor Y’ in a negative sentence. Compare the three responses below.

    Kore to are, irimasu ka. Do you need this and that?

    -Hai, kore mo are mo irimasu. Yes, I need them both.

    -Iie, kore mo are mo irimasen. No, I don't need either this or that.

    -Iie, kore wa irimasu kedo, are wa irimasen. No, I need this, but I don’t need that.

    In the first two responses, both items share a similarity, i.e., you need both or you don’t need either, but in the third sentence the two items are being contrasted, i.e. you need one but not the other, thus the particle wa is used.

    This page titled 3.4: Dialogue 4 is shared under a CC BY-NC license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Emiko Konomi (Portland State University Library) .

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