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2.4: Dialogue 4

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    Michael checks the schedule.

    Michael: Doyou to nichiyou wa yasumi desu ne. We’re off on Sat. and Sun., right?

    土曜 どよう と日曜 にちよう は休 やす みですね?

    Honda: Mochiron desu. Of course.


    Michael: Ajia ginkou no apo wa getsuyoubi deshita ne. The appointment with Bank of Asia was on Mon. right?

    アジア銀行 ぎんこう のアポは、月曜日 げつようび でしたね。

    Honda: E? Kayoubi ja nakatta desu ka. Huh? Wasn’t it on Tues?

    え? 火曜日 かようび じゃなかったですか。

    Michael: Aa, sou deshita ne! Sumimasen. Oh, that’s right! Sorry.



    doyou(bi) どよう(び) 土曜日 Saturday

    to と and

    nichiyou(bi) にちよう(び) 日曜日 Sunday

    mochiron もちろん of course

    apo あぽ アポ appointment

    getsuyoubi げつようび 月曜日 Monday

    deshita でした was (the Past form of desu)

    e え? What? Oh? (Surprise/‘Couldn't hear’)

    kayoubi かようび 火曜日 Tuesday

    X ja nakatta desu ka X じゃなかったですか Wasn’t it X?

    +itsu いつ when

    +jugyou じゅぎょう 授業 class

    +shukudai しゅくだい 宿題 homework

    +shiken しけん 試験 exam

    +kaigi かいぎ 会議 meeting, conference

    +orienteishon おりえんていしょん オリエンテーション orientation

    +purezen ぷれぜん プレゼン presentation

    +hon ほん 本 book

    +kyoukasho きょうかしょ 教科書 textbook

    +manga まんが manga, comic, anime

    +anime あにめ アニメ anime

    +nooto のおと ノート notebook

    +kami かみ 紙 paper

    +enpitsu えんぴつ 鉛筆 pencil

    +pen ぺん ペン pen


    Grammar Notes

    Days of the Week

    Youbi indicates days of the week. There are three variations for each day of the week.

    getsu, getsu-you, getsu-youbi

    The longer, the more formal. Abbreviations like the following are also very common.

    Getsu-sui-kin Mon-Wed-Fri

    Kaa-moku Tue-Thurs.

    Do-nichi Sat-Sun

    The question word nan-youbi ‘what day of the week’ cannot be used to ask ‘what day of the month’, which will be introduced later.

    Noun to Noun

    /X to Y/ means ‘X and Y’. Unlike English ‘and’, which can connect various elements including adjectives, verbs, or sentences, the particle to can only connect nouns or noun phrases.

    Nihon to America Japan and America

    Asia Ginkou no Oda-san to J-Netto no Sumisu-san

    Mr. Oda from Asia Bank and Mr. Smith from J-Net

    Kayoubi to mokuyoubi no jugyou Classes on Tuesday and Thursday

    Kono nihongo no kyoukasho to ano hon this Japanese textbook and that book

    Like other particles, to follows a noun, and when pronouncing, there is no pause between the noun and to (in English, you can pause before ‘and.’) There is no limit to the number of nouns connected, but it’s rare for an adult speaker to list more than three or four.

    The Past Form of /X desu/ X deshita, X ja nakatta desu

    The forms of /X desu/ including the Non-Past, Past, Affirmative and Negative are shown in the chart below. Make sure you do not use deshita in the Past Negative form.


    The Past forms are also used to express recollection of information, even when it is information about an event scheduled in the future.

    Kaigi wa ashita deshita ne. The meeting was tomorrow, right?

    -Iya, asatte ja nakatta desu ka? No, wasn’t it the day after tomorrow?

    This page titled 2.4: Dialogue 4 is shared under a CC BY-NC license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Emiko Konomi (Portland State University Library) .

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