# 0.14: Drills and Exercises

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A. Listen to the audio. Following the first two model exchanges, respond to each cue.

Cue: Guree desu. I’m Grey.

グレーです．

Response: Guree-san desu ka. Hajimemashite. Ms. Grey? How do you do?

グレーさんですか。はじめまして。

Cue: Honda desu. I’m Honda.

Response: Honda-san desu ka. Hajimemashite. Ms. Honda? How do you do?’

B. Say it in Japanese.

Say it in Japanese yourself first, listen to the audio for the model answer, and then repeat the model. Practice building up and expanding sentences.

1. Good evening.

2. Good morning. (to a friend)

3. Good morning. (to a teacher)

4. Ms. Honda, good morning.

5. Thanks. (to a friend)

6. Thank you. (to a teacher)

7. You are welcome!

8. Thank you very much. (for what you do or are about to do)

9. Thank you very much. (for what you did)

10. I’ll start eating.

11. Well then, I’ll start eating.

12. Thank you for the delicious treat. (to a family member, concluding eating)

13. Thank you for the delicious treat. (politely)

14. Thank you very much for the delicious treat.

15. I’m sorry.

16. I’m very sorry.

17. I’m very sorry. (for what happened)

19. Professor, excuse me.

20. Good-by.

21. Well, Professor, excuse me. Good-by.

22. Good Night! (to a friend)

23. Good night. (politely)

24. Good work! (Thank you for the hard work)

25. Good work. Good night.

26. Thank you. I’ll have some…It was delicious.

27. Thank you very much. I’ll have some.

28. Excuse me. (for what I am about to do)

29. Excuse me. (for what I did)

30. How do you do?

31. My name is Johnson. How do you do?

32. My name is Johnson. How do you do? Very glad to meet you.

33. Good morning. See you later. (heading out) 3

4. See you later. (Responding to 32)

35. I’m back.

36. Welcome back

C. Act in Japanese

Imagine the situation and role-play with a partner in Japanese. Use appropriate gestures and facial expressions.

1. Greet your coworkers in the morning.

2. Leave the office to go to a meeting outside.

3. You are meeting Ms. Honda, a business associate, for the first time. Introduce yourself.

4. Offer a seat to a client.

5. Accept a gift from a visitor.

6. Start eating lunch.

7. Thank a supervisor for treating you at a restaurant.

8. Hand a report to the assistant to make copies.

9. Thank a coworker for making copies for you.

10. Visit the office of a supervisor.

11. Leave the office of a supervisor.

12. Ask a coworker to pass a document to you.

13. Say good-by to a coworker who is about to go home.

14. Say good-by to coworkers as you leave the office to go home.

15. Say good night to friends as you part after a night out

16. Say good-by to coworkers as you leave the office party

0.14: Drills and Exercises is shared under a not declared license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Emiko Konomi.