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5.9: Cultural Notes and Extra/Optional Online Materials

  • Page ID
    120284
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    Cultural Notes

      Topics Explanation
    1 Fruits and Vegetables shop in India and South Asia In America, we typically go to a supermarket and/or farmers’ market to buy fresh fruits and vegetables. But in India and South Asia, each small town/city/village has many small fruits and vegetables. Some towns have designated area for these small shops. Unlike America, you need to talk to the shopkeeper to ask for the price, negotiate the price before buying it. So, the conversation is a must.
    2 At a restaurant in India and South Asia Effect of globalization is very visible when it comes to restaurant in India and South Asia. However, there are still many smaller food stall and restaurant which still are of old fashion. In these restaurant, they typically do not have menu card with price list. There is a typical server who will come to you with a glass of water and tell you what are the available items and what are their prices.
    3 चाहना and चाहिए In English, there is a big difference between “to want,” and “to need.” However, in Hindi, native speakers use चाहिए “to need” for everything they want/need. चाहना “to want” is typically used in construction like मैं चाहता हूँ कि …. “I want that …..”
    4 Expressing desire/need Native speakers do not use direct statement such as “मुझे ___x___ चाहिए|” to express desire/need. Instead they ask indirectly using question sentence and/or subjunctive. For example:

    क्या खाना है? (Is there food?) = मुझे खाना चाहिए| (I need food).

    क्या आपके पास कलम है? (Do you have a pen?) मुझे आपकी कलम चाहिए | (I need your pen.)

    Extra/Optional Online Materials

    Hindi song: “Mujhko tu chaahiye”

    Thumbnail for the embedded element "Mujhko Tu Chahiye Tera Pyar Chahiye | Tere Chare Pe Apna Asar Chhod Jaunga"

    A YouTube element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can view it online here: https://openbooks.lib.msu.edu/ll151/?p=1168

    At a restaurant:

    Thumbnail for the embedded element "bollywood movie dilip kumars comedy scene"

    A YouTube element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can view it online here: https://openbooks.lib.msu.edu/ll151/?p=1168

    At a vegetable market:

    Thumbnail for the embedded element "Bhaiya Sabzi Kaisi Di? | Indians Buying Vegetables | The Timeliners"

    A YouTube element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can view it online here: https://openbooks.lib.msu.edu/ll151/?p=1168

    Thank you !


    This page titled 5.9: Cultural Notes and Extra/Optional Online Materials is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Rajiv Ranjan (Michigan State University Libraries) .

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