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3.6: Apostrophe "S" ('s) in Hindi

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    Apostrophe “S” Video

    Instructor Video: Apostrophe s (‘s)

    In Hindi, genitive case/apostrophe s (‘s) is expressed by a postposition का (kaa). In English, we can say “car of Ram,” and “Ram’s car” which mean the same thing. In Hindi, phrase like “car of Ram” is not possible. Hence, phrase like “Ram’s car” is used to express both kinds of phrases.

    The postposition का (kaa) comes after nouns/pronouns, and it changes them from nouns to adjectives. का also changes its form according to number and gender of the following noun.

    For examples:

    • राम का घर (m.) = Ram’s home/ home of Ram
    • राम की गाड़ी (f.) = Ram’s car/ car of Ram
    • राम के दोस्त (plu.) = Ram’s friends/ friends of Ram
    • सीता का कमरा (m.) = Sita’s room/ room of Sita
    • सीता की किताब (f.) = Sita’s book/ book of Sita
    • सीता के बच्चे (plu.) = Sita’s children/ children of Sita

    When का comes after a noun/pronoun then that noun/pronoun changes in oblique case (see chapter 4 for oblique case in details).

    For examples

    • लड़के का भाई (m.) = boy’s brother/ brother of a boy
    • लड़के की बहन (f.) = boy’s sister/ sister of a boy
    • लड़के के कपड़े (plu.) boy’s clothes/ clothes of a boy
    • कमरे का दरवाज़ा (m.) = room’s door/ door of a room
    • कमरे की खिड़की (f.) = room’s window/ window of a room
    • कमरे के परदे (plu.) = room’s curtains/ curtains of a room

    Note: In above examples, लड़के and कमरे are in oblique form. They are not in the plural form, although the oblique and plural form of लड़का and कमरा look alike.


    Please fill in the blanks with the correct form of का.

    Noun का/की/के Noun English
    कमरे   परदे (m. plu.) room’s curtains
    कमरे   दरवाज़ा (m. sing.) room’s door
    कमरे   खिड़कियाँ (f. plu.) room’s windows
    ऋषि   भाई (m. sing.) Rishi’s brother
    ऋषि   बहन (f. sing.) Rishi’s sister
    ऋषि   पिता जी (m. sing./hon) Rishi’s father
    ऋषि   खिलौने (m. plu.) Rishi’s toys
    शिल्पा   पति (m. sing./hon) Shilpaa’s husband
    शिल्पा   सास (f. sing.) Shilpaa’s mother-in-law
    शिल्पा   ननदें (f. plu.) Shilpaa’s sisters-in-law
    शिल्पा   बच्चे (m. plu.) Shilpaa’s children
    शिल्पा   ससुर (m. sing./hon) Shilpaa’s father-in-law

    Pronouns with का/की/के

    Possessive pronoun/adjective is formed by adding का/की/के with personal pronouns. These pronouns change in oblique forms as shown in a table below.

    Table: List of possessive pronouns/adjective
    English Hindi + का/की/के Hindi English
    I मैं + का/की/के मेरा /मेरी / मेरे My
    We हम + का/की/के हमारा / हमारी / हमारे Our
    You तू + का/की/के तेरा / तेरी / तेरे Your
    You तुम + का/की/के तुम्हारा / तुम्हारी / तुम्हारे Your
    You आप + का/की/के आपका / आपकी / आपके Your
    S/he (near) यह + का/की/के इसका / इसकी / इसके His/her
    S/he (far) वह + का/की/के उसका / उसकी / उसके His/her
    They (near) ये + का/की/के इनका / इनकी / इनके Their
    They (far) वे + का/की/के उनका / उनकी / उनके Their
    Who (Singular) कौन + का/की/के किसका / किसकी / किसके Whose
    Who (plural) किन + का/की/के किनका / किनकी / किनके Whose

    Test Yourself

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    धन्यवाद !

    This page titled 3.6: Apostrophe "S" ('s) in Hindi is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Rajiv Ranjan (Michigan State University Libraries) .

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