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1.4: Nasal Sounds in Hindi

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    120246
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    Nasal Sounds Video

    Instructor Video: Nasal Sounds

    Bindu/Anusvaar ()

    In Hindi script, nasalization is marked by a superscript “bindu/anusvaar” (). “Bindu/anusvaar” represents the nasal sounds for all the consonant categories (velar, palatal, retroflex, dental, and labial). To identify the correct category of the nasal sound marked by a “bindu/anusvaar,” one has to look at the next letter. The “bindu/anusvaar” belongs to the category of the next consonant letter.

    Table 8 (below). List of nasal sounds with examples in Hindi words.

    Table 8 (above). List of nasal sounds with examples in Hindi words.
    Bindu/Anusvaar () represents Examples
    Velar Nasal ङ अं गंगा कं
    Palatal Nasal ञ पंजा अं पंचायत
    Retroflex Nasal ण अंडा कं पंडि
    Dental Nasal न अं हिंदी अंधा
    Labial Nasal म कं चंपा लंबा
    Bindu/Anusvaar () before य and व represents preceding vowel nasalization. संयम संवाद संवरण
    Bindu/Anusvaar () before र, ल, and स represents dental nasal संसार संरक्षण  
    Bindu/Anusvaar () before श represents palatal nasal अंश दंश मंशा
    Bindu/Anusvaar () before ह represents velar nasal सिंह    

    Chandrabindu (ँ)

    Chandrabindu (ँ) is used to indicate the vowel nasalization.

    For example: अँधा, हूँ, बाँध |

    Sometimes, when a vowel markings in a word does not allow the space because of the superscript then instead of chandrabindu (ँ), bindu (ं) is used.

    For example: मैं, सिंचाई, में

    In typing, it is very common to see the use of bindu (ं) instead of chandrabindu (ँ) in modern Hindi script.

    Test yourself

    Reading/Writing Task

    Worksheet 6 (below). Reading and Writing: Please read these words and try to write them in Roman script and then check your answer using video (below).

    Worksheet 6 (above). Reading and Writing: Please read these words and try to write them in Roman script and then check your answer using video (below).
    कंघी कंगाल कंचन बंधन जंगल
             
    टंकण चंदन छंद बूँद आँख
             
    चंदा आँसू अँग्रेज़ी कंधा धंधा
             

    Instructor Video: Feedback on Worksheet 6

    धन्यवाद !


    This page titled 1.4: Nasal Sounds in Hindi is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Rajiv Ranjan (Michigan State University Libraries) .

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