Skip to main content
Humanities LibreTexts

3.8: 3.6-

  • Page ID
    82703
  • \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \) \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)\(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    Einheit 3.6 (online)

    IMG_20200103_033217083-scaled-1.jpg IMG_20200103_043136163-scaled-1.jpg IMG_20200103_043153757-scaled-1.jpg

    star-1364092_1280.pngÜbung 1
    The original version of this chapter contained H5P content. You may want to remove or replace this element.

     

    light-bulb-2223050_1280.png Grammatik

    Adjective Endings in Nominative

    Adjectives take an ending when they come directly before the noun they describe. The adjective endings vary depending on the gender, number, and case of the noun which they describe.

    In the nominative case, if the adjective is preceded by a der-word (e.g., definite article), the ending for masculine, feminine, and neuter is -e, and the ending for plural is -en.

    masculine feminine neuter plural
    der rote Rock die weiße Bluse das blaue Hemd die schwarzen Schuhe

    In the nominative case, if the adjective is preceded by an ein-word (e.g., indefinite article, “kein”, or any possessive adjective mein, dein, sein/ihr/sein, unser, euer, ihr/Ihr), the adjective takes the ending of the definite article.

    masculine feminine neuter plural
    ein roter Rock eine weiße Bluse ein blaues Hemd keine schwarzen Schuhe

    Please note that the adjective ending will apply to all adjectives preceding the noun. For example:

    Der lange rote Rock ist neu.

    Das ist ein schönes blaues Kleid.

    Die neuen warmen schwarzen Stiefel sind teuer.

    *ACHTUNG* The colours “rosa” and “lila” don’t take any adjective endings in the nominative (e.g., der rosa Rock, die lila Bluse, etc.)

    star-1364092_1280.pngÜbung 2
    The original version of this chapter contained H5P content. You may want to remove or replace this element.

     

    light-bulb-2223050_1280.png Grammatik

    “dieser”/”jeder”/”welcher”

    The words “dies-“ (this), “jed-“ (every, each), and “welch-“ (which) take the same endings as the definite articles. Look at the following examples:

    Dieser Pullover ist sehr schön.

    Diese Bluse ist zu klein.

    Dieses Kleid ist hässlich.

    Diese Socken sind schmutzig.

    Nominative case:

    masculine (der) feminine (die) neuter (das) plural (die)
     

    dieser Pullover

    jeder Pullover

    welcher Pullover?

     

    diese Bluse

    jedeBluse

    welche Bluse?

     

    dieses Kleid

    jedes Kleid

    welches Kleid?

     

    diese Socken

    welche Socken?

    Accordingly, when you use one of these words together with an adjective, the adjective endings are the same as in the table above when they are used with definite articles.

    Dieser schöne blaue Pullover ist neu.

    Welche rote Bluse ist teurer?

    Jedes karierte Hemd ist altmodisch.

    Welche alten Socken haben Löcher?

     

    star-1364092_1280.pngÜbung 3
    The original version of this chapter contained H5P content. You may want to remove or replace this element.

    link-4088190_1280-e1595714950247.png Wortschatz in Quizlet:

    Kleidung

    Kleidung (plurals)


    check-mark-corrected.png Was wissen Sie jetzt? Klicken Sie hier für Quiz 3.6.

    Media Attributions


    This page titled 3.8: 3.6- is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Claudia Kost & Crystal Sawatzky (Open Education Alberta) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.

    • Was this article helpful?