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3.7: Core vocabulary list

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    Using the list


    Listen carefully to the pronunciation of each word or phrase in the vocabulary list.


    Repeat each word or phrase OUT LOUD several times until you remember it well and can recognize it as well as produce it. Make a list of the words in this chapter which you find difficult to pronounce. Your teacher may ask you to compare your list with other students in your class. Make sure to learn nouns with their correct gender! Beispiel: die Sprache fünf

    C. WRITE

    Write key words from the vocabulary list so that you can spell them correctly (remember that it makes a big difference whether you cross the Atlantic by ship or by sheep). You may want to listen to the vocabulary list again and write the words as they are spoken for extra practice.


    Learn the English translation of each word or phrase. Cover the German column and practice giving the German equivalent for each English word or phrase. Next cover the English column and give the translation of each.


    Think of word associations for each category of vocabulary. (What words, both English and German, do you associate with each word or phrase on the list?) Write down ten (10) associations with the vocabulary from the chapter. Beispiel: der Student/die Universität das Flugticket/das Flugzeug


    Which words are cognates? (Cognates are words which look or sound like English words.) Watch out for false friends!!! Write down several cognates and all the false friends from the chapter, create fun sentences that illustrate similarities and differences between the English and German meanings of these words. Beispiel: Nacht/night grün/green False Friends: hell = light, bright vs. Hölle = hell


    Which words come from word families in German that you recognize (noun, adjective, verb, adverb)? Write down as many as you find in the chapter. Beispiel: das Studium (noun; studies) der Student (noun; person) studieren (verb)


    Write out three (3) „Was passt nicht?” (‘Odd one out’) exercises. List four words, three of which are related and one that does not fit the same category. Categories can be linked to meaning, grammar, gender, parts of speech (noun, verb, adjective)



    These ideas are suggestions only. Different learners have different preferences and needs for learning and reviewing vocabulary. Try several of these suggestions until you find ones that work for you. Keep in mind, though, that knowing many words – and knowing them well, both to recognize and to produce – makes you a more effective user of the new language.


    Core Vocabulary

    The following presents a list of core vocabulary. Consider this list as the absolute minimum to focus on. As you work through the chapter you will need more vocabulary to help you talk about your own experience. To that end, a more complete vocabulary list can be found at the end of the chapter. Likewise, knowing your numbers, colors and fields of study will greatly aid your achievement of Chapter 1’s objectives.


    Der Tagesablauf                                           Daily routine

    zu Abend essen                                            to eat dinner

    sich anziehen                                                  to get dressed

    sich ausziehen                                              to get undressed

    aufwachen                                                   to wake up

    aufstehen                                                     to get up

    ins Bett gehen                                               to go to bed

    (sich) duschen                                              to shower

    sich entspannen                                            to relax

    das Essen                                                    meal

    frühstücken                                                  to eat breakfast

    sich die Haare kämmen                                  to comb one’s hair

    zu Mittag essen                                             to eat lunch

    sich rasieren                                                 to shave

    schlafen                                                       to sleep

    zur Uni gehen                                               to go to (travel to) the university

    sich die Zähne putzen                                     to brush one’s teeth


    Das Frühstück                                             Breakfast

    das Brot (Brote)                                             bread

    das Brötchen, die Semmel (Brötchen, Semmeln)  bread rolls

    die Butter (no plural)                                       butter

    das Ei (Eier)                                                 egg

    essen                                                          to eat

    das Getränk (Getränke)                                  beverage

    der Joghurt (Joghurts)                                    yogurt

    der Kaffee (no plural)                                      coffee

    der Kakao (no plural)                                      hot chocolate

    der Käse (Käse)                                            cheese

    die Milch (no plural)                                        milk

    das Obst                                                      fruit

    der Saft (Säfte)                                              juice

    der Tee (Tees)                                              tea

      trinken                                                         to drink


    Zur Uni fahren                                            To go to (travel to) the university

    das Auto     (Autos)                                     car

    der Bus (Busse)                                           bus

    fahren                                                        to drive, to travel

    die Fahrgemeinschaft                                                carpool

    das Fahrrad (Fahrräder)                                bicyle

    zu Fuß gehen                                              to go on foot (to walk)

    laufen                                                        to walk

    nehmen                                                      to take


    In die Kurse gehen                                      Going to classes

    das Arbeitsblatt (Arbeitsblätter)                       worksheet

    diskutieren                                                  to discuss

    Notizen machen                                           to take notes

    mit einem Partner arbeiten                             to work with a partner

    eine Vorlesung anhören                                 to listen to a lecture


    Das Mittagessen                                         Lunch

    das Gericht (Gerichte)                                   dish, meal

    die Mensa (Mensen)                                     cafeteria

    die Nudeln (plural only )                               pasta

    die Pommes / die Fritten                                french fries

    der Salat (Salate)                                         salad

    das Sandwich (Sandwiche)                            sandwich

    der Schnellimbiss/ der Imbiss (Schnellimbisse)   fastfood place

    der Speiseplan (Speisepläne)                         menu at the mensa or canteen

    die Speisekarte (Speisekarten)                       menu at a restaurant

    die Suppe (Suppen)                                      soup


    Diese Geschäfte gibt es in der Stadt             A town has these stores

    die Apotheke (Apotheken)                              pharmacy

    die Bäckerei (Bäckereien)                              bakery

    die Bank (Banken)                                        bank

    die Buchhandlung (Buchhandlungen)               bookstore

    die Drogerie (Drogerien)                                drug store

    etwas (ein)kaufen                                         to buy something or go shopping for something

    der Schreibwarenladen (Schreibwarenläden)                 stationery store

    die Post (Postämter)                                                 post office

    der Supermarkt (Supermärkte)                                    supermarket



    In der Drogerie                                                       At the drug store

    das Duschgel (Duschgels)                                         shower gel

    die Haarbürste (Haarbürsten)                                     hair brush

    die Seife (Seifen)                                                     soap

    das Shampoo (Shampoos)                                         shampoo

    das Taschentuch (Taschentücher)                               tissue, handkerchief

    die Zahnbürste (Zahnbürsten)                                     toothbrush

    die Zahnpasta (Zahnpasten)                                       toothpaste



    In der Schreibwarenhandlung                                  At the stationery store

    der Bleistift (Bleistifte)                                               pencil

    der Buntstift (Buntstifte)                                             crayon

    die Kreide (Kreiden)                                                  chalk

    der Kugelschreiber (die Kugelschreiber)                        pen

    das Heft (Hefte)                                                       notebook

    der Ordner (Ordner)                                                  binder

    das Papier (Papiere)                                                 paper


            Im Gemüseladen                                                              At the green grocer

             der Apfel (Äpfel)                                                      apple

            die Apfelsine (Apfelsinen) / die Orange (Orangen)          orange

            die Banane (Bananen)                                              banana

            der Brokkoli (no plural)                                              broccoli

            die Erdbeere (Erdbeeren)                                          strawberry

            die Gurke (Gurken)                                                   cucumber

            die Karotte (Karotten)                                                carrot

            die Kartoffel (Kartoffeln)                                             potato

            die Kirsche (Kirschen)                                               cherry

            die Tomate (Tomaten)                                               tomato


            Im Supermarkt                                                       At the supermarket

            der Fisch (Fische)                                                     fish

            das Fleisch (typically, no plural)                                    meat

                   das Hackfleisch                                                            ground meat

                   das Putenfleisch                                                           turkey hen meat

                   das Rindfleisch                                                             beef

                   das Schweinefleisch                                                      pork

            das Gewürz (Gewürze)                                               spice

            das Mineralwasser                                                      mineral water

            der Reis (no plural)                                                     rice

            die Schokolade (Schokoladen)                                     chocolate

            die Süßigkeit (Süßigkeiten)                                          sweets

            die Tiefkühlpizza (Tiefkühlpizzas)                                  frozen pizza

            der Zucker (no plural)                                                 sugar

    This page titled 3.7: Core vocabulary list is shared under a CC BY license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Zsuzsanna Abrams and co-workers (Center for Open Educational Resources and Language Learning) .

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