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5.13: Transition Words (Review)

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    (Review from Book Four, Pages 83-86) 
    Groups of Transition Words by General Meaning 

    These groups of words all basically have the same meaning although they are different parts of speech.  For example, but, however, and although show that two parts of a sentence are opposite.  But is a conjunction, However is a conjunctive adverb, and Although is an adverbial.  Also, they all require different punctuation depending on where and how they are used in a sentence.  This is a problem not only for foreign people but also for native speakers of English.

    Difference, Contrast, Concession

    However, otherwise, nevertheless, nonetheless, conversely, instead, on the contrary, in contrast, on the other hand, still, yet, whereas, fortunately, unfortunately

    Reason or Result

    As a result, consequently, as a consequence, accordingly, hence, therefore, thus, for this (or that) reason 

    Time or Sequence

    Earlier, previously, later, meanwhile, concurrently, currently, presently, lastly, finally

    Example or Illustration

    As a matter of fact, in fact, for example (e.g.), for instance, namely, that is (i.e.), in particular, a case in point, indeed

    Emphasis, Clarification, or Restatement of an Idea

    Indeed, in fact, at any rate, in other words, of course, to be sure, surely, all in all, altogether, on the whole, in other words, to put it differently, to rephrase, to paraphrase, to clarify, once again, in short, in brief, simply stated, in retrospect

    Additional Information

    In addition, additionally, also, furthermore, likewise, moreover, besides


    in conclusion, to conclude, in summary, to summarize, in sum, to sum up, finally, therefore, thus, hence, in closing, to recap, to recapitulate, in short, lastly

    5.13: Transition Words (Review) is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Don Bissonnette.

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