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5.11: Answer Key

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    122492
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    Answer Key

    EX 1, P 20: 1. Their, their, there 2. There 3. They’re, their 4. Their 5. They’re, their, there 6. There, there 7. There, their 8. They’re, their 9. There 10. Their, their, there 11. Their, their, there their, their 13. Their, there 14. They’re, their, there 15. Their

    EX 2, P 22: 1. My two sons’ room 2. The children’s jobs 3. Mary Ann’s car 4. The workers’ bathroom 5. The student’s book 6. Blanca’s bag 7. The teacher’s sore back 8. The employees’ rules 9. The doctor’s patient 10. The lawyers’ offices

    EX 3, P 23: 1. Mr. Bourret’s brother, 2. Mark’s wife 3. Tom’s old car 4. My student’s uncle 5. The dog’s tail 6. My son’s pants 7. Roger’s father 8. The girl’s new car 9. Tom’s children 10. The lion’s roar

    EX 4, P 23: 1. The teachers’ books 2. The children’s school 3. The babies’ clothes 4. The carpenters’ tools 5. The lazy students’ homework papers 6. The nurses’ uniforms 7. The students’ books

    EX 5, P 25: 1-9 Who is 10-18 Who has 19. Who is 20. Who has 21. Who is 22. Who has

    EX 6, P 26: 1. Whose 2. Who is 3. Who is 4. Who is, whose, whose 5. Who is 6. Whose 7. Whose 8. Whose 9. Who is 10. Whose, who is 11. Who is, whose 12. Whose 13. Whose 14. Whose 15. Who is 16. Who is, who is, whose 17. Whose, whose 18. Who is, whose

    EX 7, P 27: 1. Whose 2. Who is 3. Whose 4. Whose, who is 5. Who is, whose 6. Whose 7. Who has 8. Whose 9. Who has 10. Whose, who is 11. Who has 12. Whose 13. Whose, who has 14. Whose, whose 15. Who is, whose 16. Who is, whose, who has 17. Whose, whose 18. Who is, whose 19. Who has, who is 20. Whose, who has, who is

    EX 8, P 29: 1. To, to, too 2. Too 3. To, to, to, to, too 4. To, to, too 5. To, too, to 6. Two, too, to 7. To, two too 8. To, to, two 9. Two, to, two 10. To, too 11. Two, to, too 12. Too, to, to 13. Two, to to 14. Too, to 15. Too, to, too 16. Two, to, to 17. To two 18. Two, too, to, to two, too, to

    EX 9, P 30: 1. Buy, bye 2. Bye 3. By, buy 4. By, by, bye 5. Buy 6. Buy, buy 7. By, buy 8. Bye, bye 9. Buy, by, bye 10. By, bye

    EX 10, P 31: 1. Four, for 2. For, four, for 3. For, fore 4. Four 5. For, four, for 6. For, for 7. For, fore 8. Fore 9. For 10. For, for 11. For

    EX 11, P 41: Various answers

    EX 12, P 42: Various answers

    EX 13, P 43: Various answers

    EX 14, P 44: Various answers

    EX 15, P 45: Various answers

    EX 16, P 48: Various answers

    EX 17, P 49: 1. B 2. B 3. A 4. C 5. D 6. A 7. D 8. A 9.

    EX 18, P 52: 1. I don’t think that Seattle is the capital of Washington. 2. I know that Olympia is the capital of Washington. 3.  I have heard that about a million people live in the Seattle metropolitan area. 4. My teacher told me that Seattle is named after an Indian chief named Chief Sealth.  5. I believe that Seattle used to have a major basketball team.  6.  My friend said that the team was called the Seattle (Super) Sonics. 7.  I understand that the team left Seattle a number of years ago.  8. My teacher informed us that Seattle has on average 265 growing days for gardens.  9. My teacher reported that 2010 was a very poor gardening year in Seattle. 10.  I guess that Mt. Rainier is one of the biggest mountains in America. 11.  The mother warned that children must look both ways when crossing streets.  12.  My friend said that streets are very slippery when wet. 13.  The student forgot that he had to do homework last night. 14. I realize that drinking alcohol and driving a car is very dangerous.  15.  The teacher announced that there is often a speed trap on Aurora Avenue North in the morning.

    EX 19, P 53: 1. I think that New York is bigger than Seattle. 2. I guess that Seattle is bigger than Olympia. 3. I understand that Seattle is a major shipping port in America. 4. I learned that Seattle is a good place to have a garden. 5. I hope that someday you will go on vacation to Hawaii. 6. I assume that there are whales in the waters around Seattle. 7. I realize that learning to speak English takes a lot of time. 8. I assume that you will have homework this weekend. 9. I suppose that my classmates want to get high paying jobs. 10. I remind you that you must skip lines when doing homework in my class. 11. I conclude that I need to study noun clauses in order to use them correctly. 12. I imagine that teachers have to report our attendance at the end of this quarter. 13. I notice that this is a long assignment.  14. I realize that everyone in America speaks English. 15.  I assume that a new house is more important than a new car.

    EX 20, P 54: Various answers

    EX 21, P 59: 1. Did he assume that she was telling the truth? 2. Did he forget what he told her? 3. Does she wish that he would stay home tonight? 4. Do boys know how to play sports? 5. Does my son remember who gave him the knife? 6. Is my wife talking to the woman who was in her class? 7. Do I know what time it is? 8. Has she forgotten where she put the pliers? 9. Did he forget how much he had paid for the pliers? 10. Did I have to explain where Ballard was? 11. Does my wife want to know how far away Bellingham is? 12. Does he wonder how long it will take? 13. Can I imagine why she wants to go there? 14. Did the police assume that the boy stole the keys and knife? 15. Did his mother repeat where he had to go? 16. Does he have to know where he is? 17. Did he promise that he would be back on time?

    EX 22, P 60: 1. I can’t remember which book he wanted. 2.They didn’t tell me why your friends weren’t at home studying. 3. I don’t know who drank Dad’s coffee. 4. I can only guess how tall the Space Needle is. 5. Did he tell you what he found? 6. I know how many students there are in my English class. 7. Do you know what your brother cooked for his girlfriend? 8. I don’t care which shirt you wore to the party. 9. Can you suggest where I can buy some good shoes? 10. I am not sure what my friend wanted. 11. I don’t remember what the population of the United States is. 12. I wonder where the closest gas station is. 13. I don’t know who I will marry 14. He didn’t say how much his new car cost. 15. Guess how much she paid for this new set of dishes.

    EX 23, P 61: I don’t know how old he is. 2. I don’t know when my friend will come. 3. I don’t know what time my friend’s appointment was. 4. I don’t know how much the bus fare is. 5. I don’t know when the last day of the quarter is. 6. I don’t know who shot President Kennedy. 7. I don’t know where my family went. 8.  I don’t know which day Veterans Day is on this year. 9. I don’t know what color dress your wife bought. 10. I don’t know how your friend came to Seattle.

    EX 24, P 62: 1. She doesn’t remember if her appointment is at 3:00 or 4:00. 2. I’ll find out if he was late for work. 3. I’m not sure if my friends will go to the party. 4. I haven’t heard if the police have caught the bank robbers. 5. I’ll ask if she eats fish. 6. I’ll check and see if the mail has already come. 7. I’ll go look and see if our neighbor has cleaned up his yard yet. 8. I’m not sure if I am going out with my friends tonight. 9. Do you know if it will rain tomorrow? 10. I’ll ask if he was speeding when the accident happened.

    EX 25, P 63: Various answers

    EX 26, P 66: 1. Alex said he would be home in August. 2. My sister asked if my son would be home in August. 3. I said to my neighbor that I loved to work in my garden. 4. The housewife said to her husband that they had to fix the broken window. 5. The tired mother said that boys made a lot of noise. 6. The boy said to his grandmother that he loved her. 7. The policeman asked the driver if he had a driver’s license. 8. The teacher told the students to bring their books to class. 9. The man said that the boys were playing soccer. 10. The woman said to her husband that a plane had just flown by at a very low altitude. 11. The teacher said that we (or they) would eventually learn English.

    EX 27, P 67: 1. The man responded to me that he would see me later on that night. 2. I advised the children not to play near the street. 3. The man complained to the restaurant manager to please make sure that the plates were clean the next time that he came there. 4. The boys asked me if I liked classical music. 5. When the woman saw the price on the coat, she remarked to her friend that she thought that her friend would be crazy if she bought that coat at that price. 6. I inquired of the mechanic how much it would cost if I repaired my car. 7. The murderer stated to the judge that he had committed the murder because the man had owed him some money for a gambling debt and that he wouldn’t pay up. 8. The mailman said that he hadn’t delivered any mail to that house in over a week. 9. The teacher responded to the student’s question by saying that he was sorry but that he didn’t know the answer. 10. The worker told his boss that he couldn’t come to work the next day because he had a doctor’s appointment. 11. The president commented to his staff that sometimes that job was like living in hell.

    EX 28, P 68: Various answers

    EX 29, P 70: Various answers

    EX 30, P 72: Various answers

    EX 31, P 73: Various answers

    EX 32, P 77: Various answers

    EX 33, P 78: Various answers

    EX 34, P 79: Various answers

    EX 35, P 80: Various answers

    EX 36, P 82: Various answers

    EX 37, P 87 – 88: Various answers

    EX 38, P 89: Various answers

    EX 39, P 90: 1. But 2. On the other hand 3. As opposed to 4. First 6. Indeed 7. Second 8. In addition 9. Third 10. In fact 11. In contrast 12. Unlike 13. Moreover 14. Indeed 15. Thus

    EX 40, P 92: 1. In contrast 2. In contrast 3. On the contrary 4. On the contrary 5. On the contrary 6. In contrast 7. In contrast, on the contrary

    EX 41, P 97:  A.  Americans used to love to get in their cars and drive around for the pleasure of it. Of course, that was a long time ago, before the price of gasoline went up and up. Nowadays, people can’t afford to do that anymore. It is just too expensive. However, it used to be a cheap way to have a lot of fun.  B  Americans eat a lot of unhealthy junk food.  For example, food like cheeseburgers, French fries, milkshakes, and pizza contain too much fatty products and carbohydrates which tend to make people fat. All of these make people fat, and too much fat is bad for everything. Diseases such as obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and bone/joint problems are attributable to eating too much junk food. Thus, we can say that people who are health conscious stay away from junk food. C  I love to smell roses on warm sunny days. They always smell so fragrant and look so beautiful. Sometimes in the early evening I will go out and smell the roses in my front yard. Their fragrance takes my mind away and I feel like I am floating on air. Of course, I realize that I am standing on ground, but my mind doesn’t know that.

    EX 42, P 116: 

    1. While I was walking down the road, I saw a little boy on the corner of Pine Street and Fifth Avenue near the Benson Building.

    2. Dr. Jones wanted to do three things before he went home: make a phone call, study a report, and lock his medicine cabinet.

    3. The boy’s father wanted him to pass the exam; therefore, he made him study three afternoons a week: Monday, Tuesday, and Thursday.

    4. Although John F. Kennedy was a rich man, many poor people loved him.

    5. It’s 5:00 o'clock in the afternoon, and Billy still isn’t home from his school.

    6. They’ll bring the knife and its diamond studded sheath to the store to try to sell it to the store’s owner, Mr. J. J. Johnson.                

    7. Wow!  Did you see the 1947 Cadillac which the Andersons just bought?

    8. The woman I saw was Mrs. Simpson, Bart’s mother.

    9. I know they’ve tried to fix the problem many times, but it still hasn’t improved at all.

    10. My brother Carl likes to drive big cars; on the other hand, I like to drive small ones like the ones our parents used to have.

    11. By the time we got there, the house’s occupants had put out the fire; however, they hadn’t shut off the electricity.

    12. We live in Seattle, Washington, which is one of the most beautiful cities in America, but it is also one of its wettest.

    13. The women’s basketball team lost to the Kent State University team on Wednesday evening at the Joseph P. Billings Auditorium; however, they’re still eligible to play one more game on Friday.

    14.  I love Robert Frost’s poem “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening.”  Its first four lines are

    Whose wood these are I think I know.
    His house is in the village though;
    He will not see me stopping here
    To watch his woods fill up with snow.

    EX 43, P 117:

    1. While I was walking down the road, I saw a little boy on the corner of Pine Street and Fifth Avenue near the Benson Building.

    2. Dr. Jones wanted to do three things before he went home: make a phone call, study a report, and lock his medicine cabinet.

    3. The boy’s father wanted him to pass the exam; therefore, he made him study three afternoons a week: Monday Tuesday and Thursday.

    4. Although John F. Kennedy was a rich man, many poor people loved him.

    5. It’s 5:00 o'clock in the afternoon and Billy still isn’t home from his school.

    6. They’ll bring the knife and its diamond studded sheath to the store to try to sell it to the store’s owner Mr. J. J. Johnson.              

    7. Wow! Did you see the 1947 Cadillac which the Andersons just bought?

    8. The woman I saw was Mrs. Simpson, Bart’s mother.

    9. I know they’ve tried to fix the problem many times, but it still hasn’t improved at all.

    10. My brother Carl likes to drive big cars; on the other hand, I like to drive small ones like our parents’ car.

    11. By the time we got there, the house’s occupant had put out the fire: however, he hadn’t shut off the electricity.

    12. We live in Seattle, Washington, which is one of the most beautiful cities in America, but also one of its wettest.

    13. The women’s basketball team lost to the Kent State University team on Wednesday evening at the Joseph P. Billings Auditorium; however, they’re still eligible to play one more game on Friday.

    14.  I saw a beautiful girl named Ellen at my high school basketball game.

    15.  Sometimes people do stupid things such as making fun of other people.

    16.  Have you ever seen a baseball game in Seattle?

    17.  My grandparents came from Canada and Italy, but my parents were born in America.

    18.  My father, whom I loved very much, spoke French before he spoke English.

    EX 44, P 118:

    1.  We went into the building next to Cascade Court last Friday.

    2.  My sister and I often played in the snow in winter in Massachusetts.

    3.  The ocean I swam in when I was a boy was the Atlantic Ocean.

    4.  My students come to school from Monday through Friday during winter.

    5.  On Veterans Day on November 11th, many veterans march in parades.

    6.  In the Cascade Mountains to the east of Seattle, there are some very beautiful mountains and lakes.

    7.  I first went to Mount Rainier in 1980 with my friends Lisa and Lance.

    8.  I swam in the Mediterranean Sea this past summer with my wife and friends.

    9.  The Seattle Mariners, the home baseball team in Seattle, will begin playing baseball in Safeco Field in Seattle in April and will continue until October.

    10.  My friend, a mechanic, works for Matt’s Auto Center in the Greenwood area of the city, which is located near Green Lake.

    11.  Independence Day in America is celebrated on the Fourth of July.

    12.  John asked, “Do I have to go to Lake Washington this afternoon”?

    13.  Seattle Central College is located to the east of the center of the city and is the only college on Capitol Hill.

    14.  Teachers often ask students in school to do a lot of homework during the week.

    15.  My sister Rosanne, who lives in the state of Rhode Island, loves to swim in the ocean during the summer.

    16.  We need to fix our car, a 1999 Ford Taurus, at Tony’s Auto Body on Greenwood Avenue.

    17.  I saw President Obama on television on Monday evening.

    18.  George Bush was the 43rd president of the United States.

    19.  All of you are taking ESL 095 this quarter. 

    20.  South Seattle College is located in West Seattle.

    EX 45, 119:

    1.  Mary and Bob went up the Space Needle at Seattle Center two weeks ago.

    2.  On top of Mount Baker near the city of Bellingham, Washington, there is always snow, even in summer.

    3.  I drive a Ford Taurus to school every Monday through Friday.

    4.  Both of my sons, Alex and André, were born in Group Health Hospital on Capitol Hill.

    5. The University of Washington is the most famous university in the state of Washington.

    6.  My sister’s birthday is December 18, and on her next birthday she will be 70 years old.

    7.  I used to swim in Green Lake and Lake Washington when I first came to Seattle from the state of Idaho.

    8.  The Twin Towers of the World Trade Center were struck by terrorists on September 11, 2001, when I was with my uncle in Alaska.

    9.  The faces of four United States’ presidents are carved on Mount Rushmore in North Dakota, which is directly north of South Dakota.

    10.  Martin Luther King junior was a very brave man and a wonderful speaker.

    11.  My favorite season is spring because the days get longer, the weather warms up a lot, and the Seattle Mariners begin to play baseball at Safeco Field.

    12.  Elliot Bay is the name of the water near the center of Seattle across from the Pike Place Market.

    13.  My family and I went to Australia, Indonesia, and Singapore during the summer of 1999 for a long vacation.

    14.  Chinese New Year (Tet in Vietnam) will be celebrated later on in the month of January.

    15.  The Pacific Ocean is bigger than the Atlantic Ocean, and both oceans are on either side of the United States, separating America from Asia and Europe.


    5.11: Answer Key is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Don Bissonnette.

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